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Measuring the Vague Meanings of Probability Terms.

Author: Thomas S WallstenRami ZwickBarbara ForsythDavid V BudescuAmnon RappaportAll authors
Publisher: Ft. Belvoir Defense Technical Information Center JUL 1988.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
Summary:
In two experiments, a modified air-comparison procedure was employed in two experiments to establish and assess membership functions for numerous probability terms. In both cases, subjects judged: a) to what degree one probability term better described that probability than another, and b) to what degree one term rather than another better described a probability. Task a) data from subjects was analyzed in terms of  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Thomas S Wallsten; Rami Zwick; Barbara Forsyth; David V Budescu; Amnon Rappaport; NORTH CAROLINA UNIV AT CHAPEL HILL.
OCLC Number: 227722409
Notes: Prepared in cooperation with the Univ. of Florida.
Description: 92 pages

Abstract:

In two experiments, a modified air-comparison procedure was employed in two experiments to establish and assess membership functions for numerous probability terms. In both cases, subjects judged: a) to what degree one probability term better described that probability than another, and b) to what degree one term rather than another better described a probability. Task a) data from subjects was analyzed in terms of the axioms of an algebraic-difference structure, and membership function values were obtained for each term according to various ratio and difference scaling models. The axioms were well satisfied, and goodness-of-fit measures for the scaling procedures were quite high. Furthermore, the derived membership functions had interpretable shapes and satisfactorily predicted for each subject the judgements independently obtained in b). These results support the claims that the scaled values indeed represented the vague meanings of the terms to the subjects in the present context. Keywords: Cognitive psychology, Probability theory. (KR).

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Wallsten<\/span>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0schema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/137412899#Person\/rappaport_amnon<\/a>> ; # Amnon Rappaport<\/span>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0schema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/276878825<\/a>> ; # Rami Zwick<\/span>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0schema:datePublished<\/a> \"1988<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0schema:datePublished<\/a> \"JUL 1988<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0schema:description<\/a> \"In two experiments, a modified air-comparison procedure was employed in two experiments to establish and assess membership functions for numerous probability terms. In both cases, subjects judged: a) to what degree one probability term better described that probability than another, and b) to what degree one term rather than another better described a probability. Task a) data from subjects was analyzed in terms of the axioms of an algebraic-difference structure, and membership function values were obtained for each term according to various ratio and difference scaling models. The axioms were well satisfied, and goodness-of-fit measures for the scaling procedures were quite high. Furthermore, the derived membership functions had interpretable shapes and satisfactorily predicted for each subject the judgements independently obtained in b). These results support the claims that the scaled values indeed represented the vague meanings of the terms to the subjects in the present context. Keywords: Cognitive psychology, Probability theory. 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<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/77601665<\/a>> # Thomas S. Wallsten<\/span>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a schema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0schema:familyName<\/a> \"Wallsten<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0schema:givenName<\/a> \"Thomas S.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0schema:name<\/a> \"Thomas S. Wallsten<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.<\/div>
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Content-negotiable representations<\/p>