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The microstructure of organizations

Author: Phanish Puranam
Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : First editonView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book synthesizes a decade of research by the author into fundamental issues in organization design. The result is a novel micro-structural perspective on organizations, which aims to both expand and narrow current thinking. The new perspective takes an expansive view on the kinds of phenomena that can be studied in terms of organization design- such as cross-functional teams, strategic partnerships,  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Puranam, Phanish.
Microstructure of Organizations.
Oxford : Oxford University Press USA - OSO, ©2018
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Phanish Puranam
ISBN: 9780191652592 0191652598 9780191864292 0191864293
OCLC Number: 1039094887
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Cover; The Microstructure of Organizations; Copyright; Dedication; PREFACE; ACKNOWLEDGMENTS; CONTENTS; LIST OF FIGURES; LIST OF TABLES; 1: An introduction to the microstructural approach to organization design; The microstructural approach in historical context; What defines an organization?; Universal problems of organizing; Microstructures as theoretical building blocks; The case for the microstructural approach; IMPLICATIONS FOR THEORY; IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE; RELATED APPROACHES; Conclusion; THE REST OF THIS BOOK IS ORGANIZED AS FOLLOWS; 2: Behavioral foundations; Elements of behavior GOALSREPRESENTATIONS; CHOICE PROCESS; Multiple rationalities; GLOBAL RATIONALITY; ADAPTIVE RATIONALITY; THE LOGIC OF APPROPRIATENESS; Organization design and its influence on individual behavior; SORTING; FRAMING; STRUCTURING; Conclusion; APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 2: HUMAN UNIVERSALS (BROWN, 1991; PINKER, 2002); 3: Division of labor; Division of labor as task division and task allocation; Representing task structures; Alternative forms of division of labor; DECOMPOSABILITY AND ALTERNATIVES FOR DIVISION OF LABOR; Case 1: Decomposable Tasks; Case 2: Non-Decomposable Tasks and Products Case 3: Non-Decomposable Task, Decomposable ProductSPECIALIZATION VS. CUSTOMIZATION AS CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A DIVISION OF LABOR; OTHER CRITERIA THAT SHAPE DIVISION OF LABOR; Division of labor and interdependence between agents; Conclusion; 4: Integration of effort; Impediments to the integration of effort and solutions; INTEGRATION FAILURE THROUGH KNOWLEDGE GAPS; Skill Problems; Coordination Problems; Solutions to Skill and Coordination Problems; Environmental Change as Change to Interdependence Structure; INTEGRATION FAILURES THROUGH MOTIVATION GAPS; Agency Problems; Cooperation Problems Solutions to Agency and Cooperation ProblemsAn "integrated" approach to the integration of effort; INTERACTIONS BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE AND MOTIVATION-RELATED PROBLEMS (AND THEIR SOLUTIONS); ARCHITECTURAL KNOWLEDGE AND INTEGRATION OF EFFORTS; Integration of effort: execution vs. search problems; UNINTELLIGENT DESIGN AND SECOND-ORDER COORDINATION PROBLEMS; Conclusion; APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 4: THE FOLK THEOREM IN MATRIX NOTATION; 5: The exercise of authority; The delegation of authority; What authority does: direction, dispute resolution and design; THE AUTHORITY TO DIRECT THE AUTHORITY TO RESOLVE DISPUTESTHE AUTHORITY TO DESIGN; Why delegate?; Authority beyond the firm; Conclusion; 6: Hierarchies of authority; What hierarchies are (and what they are not); The emergence of authority hierarchies; GROWTH OF THE TASK HIERARCHY; Control and information loss in authority hierarchies; CONTROL AND INFORMATION LOSSES AS LIMITS TO GROWTH; HIERARCHIES AS FILTERS: DESIGNED INFORMATION LOSS; Hierarchies as Instruments of Search: Control Loss and Exploration; Re-shaping hierarchies: grouping and re-grouping; THREE LEVELS OF RE-ORGANIZATION
Responsibility: Phanish Puranam.

Abstract:

Research on organization design is central to the field of management, and closely allied to the sub-field of strategic management. This book synthesizes a decade of research by the author into the  Read more...

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I had been certain that our understanding of organizational structure had progressed little since the 1970s. But Puranam's compact volume has convinced me otherwise, and I would encourage anyone Read more...

 
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