1 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY. | |

| 1.1 Introduction to Microwave Engineering. |
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| Applications of Microwave Engineering. |
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| A Short History of Microwave Engineering. |
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| 1.3 Fields in Media and Boundary Conditions. |
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| Fields at a General Material Interface 11 Fields at a Dielectric Interface. |
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| Fields at the Interface with a Perfect Conductor (Electric Wall). |
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| The MagneticWall Boundary Condition. |
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| 1.4 The Wave Equation and Basic Plane Wave Solutions. |
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| Plane Waves in a Lossless Medium. |
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| Plane Waves in a General Lossy Medium. |
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| Plane Waves in a Good Conductor. |
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| 1.5 General Plane Wave Solutions. |
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| Circularly Polarized Plane Waves. |
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| Power Absorbed by a Good Conductor. |
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| 1.7 Plane Wave Reflection from a Media Interface. |
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| The Surface Impedance Concept. |
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| 1.8 Oblique Incidence at a Dielectri c Interface. |
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| Perpendicular Polarization. |
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| Total Reflection and Surface Waves. |
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| 1.9 Some Useful Theorems. |
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2 TRANSMISSION LINE THEORY. | |

| 2.1 The Lumped-Element Circuit Model for a Transmission Line. |
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| Wave Propagation on a Transmission Line. |
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| 2.2 Field Analysis of Transmission Lines. |
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| Transmission Line Parameters. |
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| The Telegrapher Equations Derived from Field Analysis of a Coaxial Line. |
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| Propagation Constant, Impedance, and Power Flow for the Lossless |
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| 2.3 The Terminated Lossless Transmission Line. |
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| Special Cases of Lossless Terminated Lines. |
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| The Combined Impedance-Admittance Smith Chart. |
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| 2.5 The Quarter-Wave Transformer. |
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| The Multiple Reflection Viewpoint. |
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| 2.6 Generator and Load Mismatches. |
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| Generator Matched to Loaded Line. |
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| 2.7 Lossy Transmission Lines. |
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| The Terminated Lossy Line. |
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| The Perturbation Method for Calculating Attenuation. |
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| The Wheeler Incremental Inductance Rule. |
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3 TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES. | |

| 3.1 General Solutions for TEM, TE, and TM Waves. |
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| Attenuation Due to Dielectric Loss. |
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| 3.2 Parallel Plate Waveguide. |
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| 3.3 RectangularWaveguide. |
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| TEm0 Modes of a Partially Loaded Waveguide. |
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| 3.6 Surface Waves on a Grounded Dielectric Slab. |
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| Formulas for Propagation Constant, Characteristic Impedance, |
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| An Approximate Electrostatic Solution. |
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| Formulas for Effective Dielectric Constant, Characteristic Impedance, |
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| An Approximate Electrostatic Solution. |
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| 3.9 The Transverse Resonance Technique. |
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| TE0n Modes of a Partially Loaded Rectangular Waveguide. |
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| 3.10 Wave Velocities and Dispersion. |
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| 3.11 Summary of Transmission Lines and Waveguides. |
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| Other Types of Lines and Guides. |
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4 MICROWAVE NETWORK ANALYSIS. | |

| 4.1 Impedance and Equivalent Voltages and Currents. |
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| Equivalent Voltages and Currents. |
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| The Concept of Impedance. |
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| Even and Odd Properties of Z(?) and _(?). |
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| 4.2 Impedance and Admittance Matrices. |
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| 4.3 The Scattering Matrix. |
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| Reciprocal Networks and Lossless Networks. |
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| A Shift in Reference Planes. |
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| Generalized Scattering Parameters. |
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| 4.4 The Transmission (ABCD) Matrix. |
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| Relation to Impedance Matrix. |
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| Equivalent Circuits for Two-Port Networks. |
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| Decomposition of Signal Flow Graphs. |
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| Application to TRL Network Analyzer Calibration. |
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| 4.6 Discontinuities and Modal Analysis. |
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| Modal Analysis of an H-Plane Step in Rectangular Waveguide. |
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| 4.7 Excitation of Waveguides—Electric and Magnetic Currents. |
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| Current Sheets That Excite Only One Waveguide Mode. |
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| Mode Excitation from an Arbitrary Electric or Magnetic |
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| 4.8 Excitation of Waveguides—Aperture Coupling. |
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| Coupling Through an Aperture in a Transverse Waveguide Wall. |
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| Coupling Through an Aperture in the Broad Wall of a Waveguide. |
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5 IMPEDANCE MATCHING AND TUNING. | |

| 5.1 Matching with Lumped Elements (L Networks). |
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| 5.4 The Quarter-Wave Transformer. |
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| 5.5 The Theory of Small Reflections. |
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| Single-Section Transformer. |
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| Multisection Transformer. |
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| 5.6 Binomial Multisection Matching Transformers. |
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| 5.7 Chebyshev Multisection Matching Transformers. |
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| Design of Chebyshev Transformers. |
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| 5.9 The Bode-Fano Criterion. |
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6 MICROWAVE RESONATORS. | |

| 6.1 Series and Parallel Resonant Circuits. |
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| Parallel Resonant Circuit. |
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| 6.2 Transmission Line Resonators. |
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| Short-Circuited ?/2 Line. |
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| Short-Circuited ?/4 Line. |
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| 6.3 RectangularWaveguide Cavities. |
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| 6.4 Circular Waveguide Cavities. |
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| 6.5 Dielectric Resonators. |
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| Resonant Frequencies of TE01? Mode. |
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| 6.6 Excitation of Resonators. |
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| Critical Coupling.A Gap-Coupled Microstrip Resonator. |
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| An Aperture-Coupled Cavity. |
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| 6.7 Cavity Perturbations. |
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7 POWER DIVIDERS AND DIRECTIONAL COUPLERS. | |

| 7.1 Basic Properties of Dividers and Couplers. |
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| Three-Port Networks (T-Junctions). |
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| Four-Port Networks (Directional Couplers). |
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| 7.2 The T-Junction Power Divider. |
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| 7.3 The Wilkinson Power Divider. |
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| Unequal Power Division and N-Way Wilkinson Dividers. |
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| 7.4 Waveguide Directional Couplers. |
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| Design of Multihole Couplers. |
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| 7.5 The Quadrature (90.) Hybrid. |
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| 7.6 Coupled Line Directional Couplers. |
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| Design of Coupled Line Couplers. |
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| Design of Multisection Coupled Line Couplers. |
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| Even-Odd Mode Analysis of the Ring Hybrid. |
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| Even-Odd Mode Analysis of the Tapered Coupled Line Hybrid. |
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8 MICROWAVE FILTERS. | |

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| Analysis of Infinite Periodic Structures. |
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| Terminated Periodic Structures. |
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| k-β Diagrams and Wave Velocities. |
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| 8.2 Filter Design by the Image Parameter Method. |
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| Image Impedances and Transfer Functions for Two-Port Networks. |
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| Constant-k Filter Sections. |
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| m-Derived Filter Sections. |
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| 8.3 Filter Design by the Insertion Loss Method. |
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| Characterization by Power Loss Ratio. |
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| Maximally Flat Low-Pass Filter Prototype. |
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| Equal-Ripple Low-Pass Filter Prototype. |
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| Linear Phase Low-Pass Filter Prototypes. |
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| 8.4 Filter Transformations. |
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| Impedance and Frequency Scaling. |
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| Bandpass and Bandstop Transformations. |
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| 8.5 Filter Implementation. |
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| Richard’s Transformation. |
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| Impedance and Admittance Inverters. |
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| 8.6 Stepped-Impedance Low-Pass Filters. |
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| Approximate Equivalent Circuits for Short Transmission Line Sections. |
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| 8.7 Coupled Line Filters. |
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| Filter Properties of a Coupled Line Section. |
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| Design of Coupled Line Bandpass Filters. |
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| 8.8 Filters Using Coupled Resonators. |
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| Bandstop and Bandpass Filters Using Quarter-Wave Resonators. |
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| Bandpass Filters Using Capacitively Coupled Series Resonators. |
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| Bandpass Filters Using Capacitively Coupled Shunt Resonators. |
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9 THEORY AND DESIGN OF FERRIMAGNETIC COMPONENTS. | |

| 9.1 Basic Properties of Ferrimagnetic Materials. |
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| Circularly Polarized Fields. |
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| 9.2 Plane Wave Propagation in a Ferrite Medium. |
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| Propagation in Direction of Bias (Faraday Rotation). |
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| Propagation Transverse to Bias (Birefringence). |
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| 9.3 Propagation in a Ferrite-Loaded RectangularWaveguide. |
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| TEm0 Modes of Waveguide with a Single Ferrite Slab. |
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| TEm0 Modes of Waveguide with Two Symmetrical Ferrite Slabs. |
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| The Field Displacement Isolator. |
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| 9.5 Ferrite Phase Shifters. |
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| Nonreciprocal Latching Phase Shifter. |
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| Other Types of Ferrite Phase Shifters. |
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| Properties of a Mismatched Circulator. |
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10 NOISE AND ACTIVE RF COMPONENTS. | |

| 10.1 Noise in Microwave Circuits. |
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| Dynamic Range and Sources of Noise. |
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| Noise Power and Equivalent Noise Temperature. |
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| Measurement of Noise Temperature. |
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| Noise Figure of a Cascaded System. |
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| Noise Figure of a Passive Two-Port Network. |
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| Noise Figure of a Mismatched Lossy Line. |
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| 10.2 Dynamic Range and Intermodulation Distortion. |
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| Gain Compression 501 Intermodulation Distortion. |
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| Third-Order Intercept Point. |
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| Intercept Point of a Cascaded System. |
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| 10.3 RF Diode Characteristics. |
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| Schottky Diodes and Detectors. |
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| 10.4 RF Transistor Characteristics. |
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| Field EffectTransistors (FETs). |
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| Bipolar JunctionTransistors (BJTs). |
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| 10.5 Microwave Integrated Circuits. |
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| Hybrid Microwave Integrated Circuits. |
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| Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits. |
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11 MICROWAVE AMPLIFIER DESIGN. | |

| 11.1 Two-Port Power Gains. |
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| Definitions of Two-Port Power Gains. |
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| Further Discussion of Two-Port Power Gains. |
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| Tests for Unconditional Stability. |
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| 11.3 Single-Stage Transistor Amplifier Design. |
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| Design for Maximum Gain (Conjugate Matching). |
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| Constant Gain Circles and Design for Specified Gain. |
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| Low-Noise Amplifier Design. |
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| 11.4 Broadband Transistor Amplifier Design. |
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| Characteristics of Power Amplifiers and Amplifier Classes. |
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| Large-Signal Characterization of Transistors. |
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| Design of Class A Power Amplifiers. |
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12 OSCILLATORS AND MIXERS. | |

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| Oscillators Using a Common Emitter BJT. |
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| Oscillators Using aCommonGateFET. |
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| Practical Considerations. |
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| 12.2 Microwave Oscillators. |
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| Dielectric Resonator Oscillators. |
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| 12.3 Oscillator Phase Noise. |
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| Representation of Phase Noise. |
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| Leeson’s Model for Oscillator Phase Noise. |
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| 12.4 Frequency Multipliers. |
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| Reactive Diode Multipliers (Manley–Rowe Relations). |
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| Resistive Diode Multipliers. |
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| 12.5 Overview of Microwave Sources. |
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| Solid-State Sources 609 Microwave Tubes. |
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| Single-Ended Diode Mixer. |
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13 INTRODUCTION TO MICROWAVE SYSTEMS. | |

| 13.1 System Aspects of Antennas. |
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| Fields and Power Radiated by an Antenna. |
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| Antenna Pattern Characteristics. |
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| Antenna Gain and Efficiency. |
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| Aperture Efficiency and Effective Area. |
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| Background and Brightness Temperature. |
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| Antenna Noise Temperature and G/T. |
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| 13.2 Wireless Communication Systems. |
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| Radio Receiver Architectures. |
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| Noise Characterization of a Microwave Receiver. |
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| Theory and Applications of Radiometry. |
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| 13.5 Microwave Propagation. |
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| 13.6 Other Applications and Topics. |
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| Biological Effects and Safety. |
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APPENDICES. | |

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| D Other Mathematical Results. |
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| F Conductivities for Some Materials. |
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| G Dielectric Constants and Loss Tangents for Some Materials. |
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| H Properties of Some Microwave Ferrite Materials. |
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| I Standard RectangularWaveguide Data. |
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| J Standard Coaxial Cable Data. |
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ANSWERS TO SELECTED PROBLEMS. | |

INDEX. | |

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