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Military tribunals

Author: Louis Fisher
Publisher: New York : Novinka Books, ©2003.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This report describes the procedures used by the World War II military tribunal to try the eight Germans, the habeas corpus petition to the Supreme Court, and the resulting convictions and executions. Why was the tribunal created, and why were its deliberations kept secret? How have scholars evaluated the Court's decision in Exparte Quirin (1942)? The decision was unanimous, but archival records reveal division and  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Fisher, Louis.
Military tribunals.
New York : Novinka Books, ©2003
(OCoLC)763745601
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Louis Fisher
ISBN: 1590335139 9781590335130
OCLC Number: 53289646
Description: vi, 68 pages ; 22 cm
Contents: The eight Germans in 1942 --
The military trial --
Action by the Supreme Court --
Writing the full opinion --
Evaluations of Quirin --
The two saboteurs in 1944-45 --
Conclusion.
Responsibility: Louis Fisher.

Abstract:

This report describes the procedures used by the World War II military tribunal to try the eight Germans, the habeas corpus petition to the Supreme Court, and the resulting convictions and executions. Why was the tribunal created, and why were its deliberations kept secret? How have scholars evaluated the Court's decision in Exparte Quirin (1942)? The decision was unanimous, but archival records reveal division and disagreement among the Justices. Also covered in this report is a second effort by Germany two years later to send saboteurs to the United States. The two men captured in this operation were tried by a military tribunal, but under conditions and procedures that substantially reduced the roles of the President and the Attorney General. Those changes resulted from disputes within the Administration, especially between the War Department and the Justice Department. There are thus two precedents from Quirin: one from 1942, the other from 1944-45.

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Why was the tribunal created, and why were its deliberations kept secret? How have scholars evaluated the Court\'s decision in Exparte Quirin (1942)? The decision was unanimous, but archival records reveal division and disagreement among the Justices. Also covered in this report is a second effort by Germany two years later to send saboteurs to the United States. The two men captured in this operation were tried by a military tribunal, but under conditions and procedures that substantially reduced the roles of the President and the Attorney General. Those changes resulted from disputes within the Administration, especially between the War Department and the Justice Department. 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