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A model discipline : political science and the logic of representations

Author: Kevin A Clarke; David M Primo
Publisher: New York, NY : Oxford University Press, ©2012.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Kevin A Clarke; David M Primo
ISBN: 0195382196 9780195382198 019538220X 9780195382204
OCLC Number: 783480337
Description: x, 220 p. : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Contents: Preface ; 1 A Model Discipline ; 1.1 The Model in Political Science ; 1.2 Metaphors and Analogies, Fables and Fictions ; 1.3 The broad themes of the book ; 1.3.1 Science is not what we think it is ; 1.3.2 Current practice is not "philosophy-free" ; 1.3.3 Models are objects ; 1.3.4 Models are not tested with data ; 1.3.5 Explanation ; 1.4 Plan of the Book ; 1.5 What this Book is Not ; 2 The Science in Political Science ; 2.1 Introduction ; 2.2 What Political Scientists Say They Are Doing ; 2.3 Hypothetico-Deductivism ; 2.4 Problems with H-D ; 2.4.1 Deductions are Truth-Preserving ; 2.4.2 Data Can't Speak for Themselves ; 2.4.3 Other Problems with H-D ; 2.5 How We Got Here ; 2.5.1 Logical Positivism ; 2.5.2 Pathologies of Rational Choice ; 2.5.3 Methods and Models ; 2.5.4 The Empirical Implications of Theoretical Models ; 2.6 Conclusion ; 3 What is a Model? ; 3.1 Introduction ; 3.2 Models as Maps ; 3.3 A Few Examples ; 3.4 The Received View of Scientific Theories ; 3.5 The Semantic Conception of Scientific Theories ; 3.6 The Model-Based View of Scientific Theories ; 3.7 Models and Theories ; 3.8 Conclusion ; 4 Theoretical Models ; 4.1 Introduction ; 4.2 Aspects of Theoretical Models ; 4.3 The Purposes of Models ; 4.3.1 Foundational Models ; 4.3.2 Organizational Models ; 4.3.3 Exploratory Models ; 4.3.4 Predictive Models ; 4.4 Judging a Theoretical Model ; 4.4.1 Prediction is the Wrong Standard (Usually) ; 4.4.2 The Illusion of Precise Standards ; 4.4.3 Dimensions of Usefulness ; 4.5 Conclusion ; 5 Empirical Models ; 5.1 Introduction ; 5.2 What is an Empirical Model? ; 5.2.1 A Model-Based Understanding ; 5.3 The Purposes of Empirical Models ; 5.4 The Illogic of Theory Testing ; 5.4.1 Falsificationism ; 5.4.2 Verificationism ; 5.4.3 Bayesian Confirmation ; 5.5 The Other Uses of Empirical Modeling ; 5.6 Conclusion ; 6 Explanation ; 6.1 Introduction ; 6.2 Existing justifications ; 6.3 Explanation ; 6.3.1 What constitutes an explanation? ; 6.3.2 Explanation in Political Science ; 6.4 Models as explanations ; 6.5 Choosing among explanations ; 6.5.1 Comparative Model Testing ; 6.5.2 Is choosing necessary? ; 6.6 Conclusion ; 7 Conclusion ; 7.1 Introduction ; 7.2 Review of the argument ; 7.3 Issues and counterarguments ; Bibliography
Responsibility: Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo.

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This smart book proposes two things simultaneously for political scientists. First, we ought to have a consensus on what we should not do with our models, and that is we should not insist on testing Read more...

 
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