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Multinationals, offshoring and the decline of U.S. manufacturing

Author: Christoph E Boehm; Aaron Flaaen; Nitya Pandalai-Nayar; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 25824.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
We provide new facts about the role of multinationals in the decline in U.S. manufacturing employment between 1993-2011, using a novel microdata panel with firm-level ownership and trade information. Multinational-owned establishments displayed lower employment growth than a narrow control group and accounted for 41% of the aggregate manufacturing employment decline. Further, newly multinational establishments in  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Christoph E Boehm; Aaron Flaaen; Nitya Pandalai-Nayar; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 1101180460
Notes: "May 2019"
Description: 1 online resource (81 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 25824.
Responsibility: Christoph E. Boehm, Aaron Flaaen, Nitya Pandalai-Nayar.

Abstract:

We provide new facts about the role of multinationals in the decline in U.S. manufacturing employment between 1993-2011, using a novel microdata panel with firm-level ownership and trade information. Multinational-owned establishments displayed lower employment growth than a narrow control group and accounted for 41% of the aggregate manufacturing employment decline. Further, newly multinational establishments in the U.S. experienced job losses, while their parent firms increased input imports from abroad. We develop a model that rationalizes this behavior and bound a key elasticity with our microdata. The estimates imply that a reduction in the costs of foreign sourcing leads firms to increase imports of intermediates and to reduce U.S. manufacturing employment. Our findings suggest that offshoring by multinationals was a key driver of the observed decline in manufacturing employment.

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