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The mystery of rationality : mind, beliefs and the social sciences

Author: Gérald Bronner; Francesco Di Iorio
Publisher: Cham : Springer, [2018] ©2018
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book contributes to the developing dialogue between cognitive science and social sciences. It focuses on a central issue in both fields, i.e. the nature and the limitations of the rationality of beliefs and action. The development of cognitive science is one of the most important and fascinating intellectual advances of recent decades, and social scientists are paying increasing attention to the findings of  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Mystery of rationality.
Cham : Springer, [2018]
(OCoLC)1037040199
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Gérald Bronner; Francesco Di Iorio
ISBN: 9783319940281 3319940287 9783319940274 3319940279 9783030067762 3030067769
OCLC Number: 1044733924
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Intro; Contents; Contributors; 1 Introduction: Rationality as an Enigmatic Concept; Abstract; References; 2 Our Agenda and Its Rationality; Abstract; 3 Intentional, Unintentional and Sub-intentional Aspects of Social Mechanisms and Rationality: The Example of Commitments in Political Life; Abstract; Introduction; Generative Mechanisms, RCT and Good Reasons. Conscious, Unconscious and Sub-conscious Rationality; Intentional Commitments, Rational Choice Theory and "Good Reasons." Sub-intentional "Commitments" and Sub-conscious Good Reasons in Interactive Contexts. Theoretical and Experimental PerspectivesSub-intentional "Commitments" and Sub-conscious Good Reasons in Interactive Contexts. Outline of Historical Case Studies: The Role of "Populism" in the Secession of States and the Process of Decolonization; Conclusion: Analytical Sociology, Goods Reasons and Rhetorical History; References; 4 On the Explanation of Human Action: "Good Reasons", Critical Rationalism and Argumentation Theory; Abstract; Good Reasons and Argumentation Theory "Good Reasons" and Critical DiscussionOn the Complementarity Between Mises' "Praxeology" and Boudon's Cognitive Rationality; The Epistemological Status of Rationality; Boudon's "Good Reasons" and Dray's "Principle of Action"; References; 5 Rationality, Irrationality, Realism and the Good; Abstract; Irrationality and Rationality; Normativity and Realism; Realism and the Good; References; 6 First Generation Behavioral Economists on Rationality, and Its Limits; Abstract; Introduction; The Foundations of Neoclassical Theory; Rationality; Maximization; Efficiency Rationality-Maximization-EfficiencyRationality; The Persistence of the Complete Rationality Assumption; References; 7 Embodied Rationality; Abstract; Introduction; Enactivist Approaches to Embodied Cognition; Embodied Rationality; Enactivist Hermeneutics; Acknowledgements; References; 8 Rational Choice Explained and Defended; Abstract; Introduction; The Axioms of Rational Choice; Choice Under Uncertainty; Bayesian Updating with Radical Uncertainty; State-Dependent Preferences; Networked Minds and Distributed Cognition; Limitations of the Rational Actor Model; The Allais Paradox The Ellsberg ParadoxFailures of Judgment; References; 9 Rationality and Irrationality Revisited or Intellectualism Vindicated or How Stands the Problem of the Rationality of Magic?; Abstract; Acknowledgements; References; 10 Rational Life Plans?; Abstract; Introduction; What Is Involved in the Idea of a "Plan of Life"?; Special Features of Life Plans; Deliberation; Pragmatist Theory of Action; Bounded Life Planning; References; 11 Dynamics of Rationality and Dynamics of Emotions; Abstract; Dynamical Rationality; Emotional Dynamics; Temporal Discount and Anticipating Emotions
Responsibility: Gérald Bronner, Francesco Di Iorio, editors.

Abstract:

This book contributes to the developing dialogue between cognitive science and social sciences. It focuses on a central issue in both fields, i.e. the nature and the limitations of the rationality of beliefs and action. The development of cognitive science is one of the most important and fascinating intellectual advances of recent decades, and social scientists are paying increasing attention to the findings of this new branch of science that forces us to consider many classical issues related to epistemology and philosophy of action in a new light. Analysis of the concept of rationality is a leitmotiv in the history of the social sciences and has involved endless disputes. Since it is difficult to give a precise definition of this concept, and there is a lack of agreement about its meaning, it is possible to say that there is a 'mystery of rationality'. What is it to be rational? Is rationality merely instrumental or does it also involve the endorsement of values, i.e. the choice of goals? Should we consider rationality to be a normative principle or a descriptive one? Can rationality be only Cartesian or can it also be argumentative? Is rationality a conscious skill or a partly tacit one? This book, which has been written by an outstanding collection of authors, including both philosophers and social scientists, tries to make a useful contribution to the debates on these problems and shed some light on the mystery of rationality. The target audience primarily comprises researchers and experts in the field.

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