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Nanofibers and nanotechnology in textiles

Author: P J Brown; K Stevens
Publisher: Cambridge : Woodhead Publishing, in association with the Textile Institute, 2007.
Series: Woodhead publishing in textiles.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Nanotechnology is revolutionising the world of materials. This important book reviews methods of nanofiber production, discusses the nanofabrication of carbon nanotubes and nanocomposites for particular high performance applications, and analyses nanocoatings and surface modification techniques.

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Genre/Form: Online-Publikation
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: P J Brown; K Stevens
ISBN: 9781845691059 1845691059 9781420044492 1420044494 9781845693732 1845693736
OCLC Number: 132312053
Description: xvi, 528 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.
Contents: Contents NANOFIBER PRODUCTION Electrospinning of Nanofibers, D.R. Salem Introduction Principles of Electrostatic atomization Electrospraying and Electrospinning by the Capillary Method Electrospraying and Electrospinning by the Charge Injection Method References Producing Nanofibre Structures by Electrospinning for Tissue Engineering,F.K. Ko and M.R. Gandhi Introduction Fabrication of Nanofibrous Scaffolds Characterization of Nanofibrous Scaffolds Cell-Scaffolds Interaction Summary and Conclusion Acknowledgements References Continuous Yarns from Electrospun Nanofibers,E. Smit and R.D. Sanderson Introduction Using Electrospun Nanofibers: Background and Terminology Controlling Fiber Orientation Producing Non-Continuous or Short Yarns Producing Continuous Yarns Summary and Future Trends Sources of Further Information and Advice References Producing Polyamide Nanofibers by Electrospinning,M. Ashfari, D-W Jung, A.E Tonelli, and R. Kotek Introduction The Electrospinning Process Measuring the Mechanical Properties of Electrospun Nanofibers Measuring the Effects of Different Spinning Conditions and the Use of High Molecular Weight Polymers on the Properties of Electrospun Nanofibers Improving the Properties of Electrospun Nanofibers: Experimental Results Conclusions References Controlling the Morphologies of Electrospun Nanofibers,T. Lin and X. Wang Introduction The Electrospinning Process and Fibre Morphology Polymer Concentration and Fibre Diameter Fibre Bead Formation and Fibre Surface Morphology Controlling Fibre Alignment and Web Morphologies Bicomponent Cross-Sectional Nanofibres Future Trends Acknowledgement References CARBON NANOTUBES AND NANOCOMPOSITES Synthesis, Characterisation and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes: The Case of Aerospace Engineering,M. Regi Introduction The Development and Structure of Carbon Nanotubes Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes Characterisation Techniques Purification Techniques The Use of Carbon Nanotubes in Aerospace Engineering Nanostructured Composite Materials for Aerospace Applications Nanostructured Solid Propellents for Rockets Frequency Selective Surfaces (FSS) for Aerospace Applications Other Aerospace Applications of Carbon Nanotubes Conclusions References Carbon nanotube and nanofibre reinforced polymer fibres,M. Shaffer and J. Sandler Introduction Synthesis and Properties of Carbon Nanotubes Developing Nanotube/Nanofibre Polymer Composites Adding Nanotubes and Nanofibres to Polymer Fibres Analysing the Rheological Properties of Nanotube/Nanofibre Polymer Composites Analysing the Microstructure of Nanotube/Nanofibre Polymer Composites Mechanical, Electrical and Other Properties of Nanocomposite Fibres Future Trends References Structure and Properties of Carbon Nanotube Polymer Nanofibers Using Melt Spinning,R. Gorga Introduction Producing Carbon Nanotube Polymer Nanofibers Thermal Characterisation Fiber Morphology Mechanical Properties of Fibers Conclusions and Future Trends Sources of Further Information and Advice Acknowledgements References Multifunctional Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications,S.J. Bull Introduction The Development of Functional Polymer Nanocomposites Improving the Mechanical Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites Improving the Fire Retardant Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites Improving the Tribological Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites Case-Study: Development of a Nanocomposite Sliding Seal Ring Enhancing the Functionality of Polymer Nanocomposites Conclusions Acknowledgements References Nanofilled Polypropylene (PP) Fibers,M. Stiligoj-Smole and K. Kleinschek Introduction Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites The Structure and Properties of Layered Silicate Polypropylene (PP) Nanocomposites Nano-Silica filled Polypropylene Nanocomposites Calcium Carbonate and Other Additives Conclusion References IMPROVING POLYMER FUNCTIONALITY Nanostructuring Polymers with Cyclodextrins,A.E. Tonelli Introduction Formation and Characterisation of Polymer-Cyclodextrin-Inclusion Compounds Properties of Polymer-Cyclodextrin-Inclusion Compounds Homo- and Block Copolymers Coalesced from their Cyclodextrin-Inclusion Compounds Constrained Polymerisation in Monomer Cyclodextrin-Inclusion Compounds Coalescence of Common Polymer-Cyclodextrin-Inclusion Compounds to Achieve Fine Polymer Blends Temporal and Thermal Stabilities of Polymers Nanostructured with Cyclodextrins Cyclodextrin-Modified Polymers Polymers with Covalently-Bonded Cyclodextrins Conclusions References Dyeable Polypropylene (PP) via Nanotechnology,Q. Fan and G. Mani Introduction Dyeing Techniques for Unmodified Polypropylene Modifying Polypropylene for Improved Dyeability Using Copolymerisation and Other Techniques Polyblending and Other Techniques for Improving Polypropylene Dyeability Dyeing Polypropylene Nanocomposites Using X-ray Diffraction Analysis and Other Techniques to Assess dyed Polypropylene Nanocomposites Conclusions Acknowledgments References Polypropylene (PP)/Clay Nanocomposites,R.A. Kalgaonkar and J.P. Jog Introduction Organomodification of Clays Polyolefin/Clay Nanocomposites Polypropylene/Clay Nanocomposites Polyethylene/Clay Nanocomposites The Range of Polyolefin/Clay Nanocomposites Conclusions References Multi-wall carbon nanotube-nylon 6 nanocomposites from polymerisation,Y.K. Kim and P.K. Patra Introduction Nanocomposite Synthesis and Production Characterisation Techniques Properties of Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotube-Nylon 6 Nanocomposite Fibers Conclusions Acknowledgements References NANOCOATINGS AND SURFACE MODIFICATION TECHNIQUES Nanotechnologies for Coating and Structuring of Textiles,T. Stegmaier , M Dauner, V von Arnim, A Scherrieble, A Dinkelmann and H Planck Introduction Production of Nanofiber Nonwovens Using Electrostatic Spinning Anti-Adhesive Nanocoating of Fibres and Textiles Water and Oil-Repellent Coatings by Plasma Treatment Self-Cleaning Superhydrophobic Surfaces Sources of Further Information and Advice References Electrostatic Self-Assembled Nanolayer Films for Cotton Fibers,G.K. Hyde and J.P. Hinestrosa Introduction Principles of Electrostatic self-Assembly (ESA) for Creating Nanolayer Films Advantages and Disadvantages of Electrostatic Self-Assembly Substrates Used for ESA Polyelectrolytes Used for ESA Analysing self-Assembled Nanolayer Films on Cotton Conclusions: Functional Textiles for Protection, Filtration and Other applications References Nanofabrication of thin polymer films,I. Luzinov Introduction Macromolecular Platform for Nanofabrication `Grafting from' Technique for Synthesis of Polymer Films `Grafting to' Technique for Synthesis of Polymer Films Synthesis of Smart Switchable Coatings Synthesis of Ultrahydrophobic Materials Conclusions: Hydrophobic, Hydrophilic and Switchable Fibers Acknowledgements References Hybrid Polymer Nanolayers for Surface Modification of Fibers,S. Minko and M. Motornov Introduction: Smart Textiles via Thin Hybrid Films Mechanisms of Responsive Behavior in Thin Polymer Films Polymer-Polymer Hybrid Layers Polymer-Particles Hybrid Layers Hierarchical Assembly of Active Nanostructured Hybrid Films Future Trends Sources of Further Information and Advice References Structure-Property Relationships of Polypropylene Nanocomposite Fibres,C.Y. Lew and G. M. McNally Introduction Materials, Processing and Characterisation Techniques Structure and Morphology Phase Homogeneity and Spinline Stability Optical Birefringence and Infra-Red activation Crystallisation Behaviour and Mechanical Performance Exfoliation by Extensional Flow Deformation Conclusions References
Series Title: Woodhead publishing in textiles.
Responsibility: edited by P.J. Brown and K. Stevens.


Written by a panel of industrial and academic experts, this book reviews the impact of nanotechnology on the development of a new generation of textile fibers with enhanced functionality and a wide  Read more...


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