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A network-based method for the analysis of use and function in stone tool kits : implications for late prehistoric settlement patterning in northeast Mississippi

Author: Jason Nathaniel Ervin; Mississippi State University,; Mississippi State University. Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures,
Publisher: Mississippi State : Mississippi State University, 2018.
Dissertation: Thesis (M.A.) Mississippi State University. Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures 2018
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Document : Thesis/dissertation : eBook   Computer File : English
Summary:
A network-based method is developed for analyzing use in stone tool assemblages, where 'use' denotes the tasks for which chipped edges are suitable. Modeling chipped edges as nodes, use-wear and retouch as edge traversals, use-life trajectories of chipped edges as inter-connecting paths, and 'tools' as subnetworks over which design tolerances are maintained on edge morphology, the method is an attempt to improve on  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Academic theses
Material Type: Document, Thesis/dissertation, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jason Nathaniel Ervin; Mississippi State University,; Mississippi State University. Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures,
OCLC Number: 1052566867
Notes: Title from PDF title page (viewed on September 14, 2018).
Description: 1 online resource (x, 245 pages) : color illustrations, color maps, charts (some color)
Details: Mode of access: Internet via the World Wide Web.; System requirements: Internet connectivity; World Wide Web browser software; Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Responsibility: by Jason N. Ervin.
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Abstract:

A network-based method is developed for analyzing use in stone tool assemblages, where 'use' denotes the tasks for which chipped edges are suitable. Modeling chipped edges as nodes, use-wear and retouch as edge traversals, use-life trajectories of chipped edges as inter-connecting paths, and 'tools' as subnetworks over which design tolerances are maintained on edge morphology, the method is an attempt to improve on existing models, allowing for complex, continuous change and multiple uses throughout a chipped edge's use-life. Avoiding analogy-based categories, the method is designed to highlight rather than obscure the possibilities for use and multi-use. Potential for integration into social-learning based models of cultural evolution is considered. The metric is employed to address the widely noted paucity of lithics in Late Prehistoric contexts of the southeastern U.S. Specifically, the Lyon's Bluff site (22OK520, Oktibbeha County, Mississippi) is shown to exhibit substantial use-capacity, suggesting that paucity does not imply divestment.

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