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Norms of nature : naturalism and the nature of functions

Author: Paul Sheldon Davies
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. ; London : MIT, 2003.
Series: Bradford book.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : 1st MIT Press pbk. edView all editions and formats
Summary:
The components of living systems strike us as functional-as for the sake of certain ends--and as endowed with specific norms of performance. The mammalian eye, for example, has the function of perceiving and processing light, and possession of this property tempts us to claim that token eyes are supposed to perceive and process light. That is, we tend to evaluate the performance of token eyes against the norm  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Davies, Paul Sheldon.
Norms of nature.
Cambridge, Mass. ; London : MIT, 2003
(OCoLC)51839860
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Paul Sheldon Davies
ISBN: 9780262271257 0262271257 0585481040 9780585481043 0262041871 9780262041874 0262541440 9780262541442
OCLC Number: 53883430
Language Note: English.
Notes: Originally published: 2001.
Description: 1 online resource (xiv, 234 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Bradford book.
Responsibility: Paul Sheldon Davies.

Abstract:

An argument against the view that natural norms are constituted out of some form of historical success.  Read more...

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Davies does an admirable job of explaining and defending his particular vision...-Choice

 
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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/53883430<\/a>> # Norms of nature : naturalism and the nature of functions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Book<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a>, schema:MediaObject<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"53883430<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/dbpedia.org\/resource\/London<\/a>> ; # London<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Place\/cambridge_mass<\/a>> ; # Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mau<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85014214<\/a>> ; # Biology--Philosophy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/health_&_biological_sciences<\/a>> ; # Health & Biological Sciences<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/biology<\/a>> ; # Biology<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/science_life_sciences_biology<\/a>> ; # SCIENCE--Life Sciences--Biology<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/biology_general<\/a>> ; # Biology - General<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/570.1\/e22\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/science_life_sciences_general<\/a>> ; # SCIENCE--Life Sciences--General<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/nature_reference<\/a>> ; # NATURE--Reference<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/832439<\/a>> ; # Biology--Philosophy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Thing\/philosophy_philosophy_of_science_&_technology<\/a>> ; # PHILOSOPHY\/Philosophy of Science & Technology<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1034520<\/a>> ; # Natural selection<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookEdition<\/a> \"1st MIT Press pbk. ed.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> schema:EBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/33226003<\/a>> ; # Paul Sheldon Davies<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2003<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"The components of living systems strike us as functional-as for the sake of certain ends--and as endowed with specific norms of performance. The mammalian eye, for example, has the function of perceiving and processing light, and possession of this property tempts us to claim that token eyes are supposed to perceive and process light. That is, we tend to evaluate the performance of token eyes against the norm described in the attributed functional property. Hence the norms of nature.What, then, are the norms of nature? Whence do they arise? Out of what natural properties or relations are they constituted? In Norms of Nature, Paul Sheldon Davies argues against the prevailing view that natural norms are constituted out of some form of historical success--usually success in natural selection. He defends the view that functions are nothing more than effects that contribute to the exercise of some more general systemic capacity. Natural functions exist insofar as the components of natural systems contribute to the exercise of systemic capacities. This is so irrespective of the system\'s history. Even if the mammalian eye had never been selected for, it would have the function of perceiving and processing light, because those are the effects that contribute to the exercise of the visual system. The systemic approach to conceptualizing natural norms, claims Davies, is superior to the historical approach in several important ways. Especially significant is that it helps us understand how the attribution of functions within the life sciences coheres with the methods and ontology of the natural sciences generally.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/792877952<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Electronic books<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Series\/bradford_book<\/a>> ; # Bradford book.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/51839860<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Norms of nature : naturalism and the nature of functions<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"53883430<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/53883430#PublicationEvent\/cambridge_mass_london_mit_2003<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Agent\/mit<\/a>> ; # MIT<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/mitpress.mit.edu\/9780262041874<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/openlibrary.org\/books\/OL9648397M<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/search.ebscohost.com\/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=e000xna&AN=100050<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/archive.org\/details\/normsofnaturenat0000davi<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/login.lacollegelibrary.idm.oclc.org\/login?url=http:\/\/search.ebscohost.com\/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&AN=100050<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/doi.org\/10.7551\/mitpress\/5043.001.0001<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/search.ebscohost.com\/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&db=nlabk&AN=100050<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/0-search.ebscohost.com.librarycatalog.vts.edu\/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&AN=100050<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/login.gbcprx01.georgebrown.ca\/login?url=http:\/\/search.ebscohost.com\/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=e000xna&AN=100050<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/cognet.mit.edu\/library\/books\/view?isbn=0262041871<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/search.ebscohost.com\/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&AN=100050<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/belhaven.idm.oclc.org\/login?url=http:\/\/search.ebscohost.com\/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&AN=100050<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780262271257<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780585481043<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780262541442<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780262041874<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/53883430<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

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<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Agent\/mit<\/a>> # MIT<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"MIT<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Place\/cambridge_mass<\/a>> # Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Cambridge, Mass.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Series\/bradford_book<\/a>> # Bradford book.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/53883430<\/a>> ; # Norms of nature : naturalism and the nature of functions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Bradford book.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Bradford book<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Thing\/philosophy_philosophy_of_science_&_technology<\/a>> # PHILOSOPHY\/Philosophy of Science & Technology<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Thing<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"PHILOSOPHY\/Philosophy of Science & Technology<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/biology<\/a>> # Biology<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Biology<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/biology_general<\/a>> # Biology - General<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Biology - General<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/health_&_biological_sciences<\/a>> # Health & Biological Sciences<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Health & Biological Sciences<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/nature_reference<\/a>> # NATURE--Reference<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"NATURE--Reference<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/science_life_sciences_biology<\/a>> # SCIENCE--Life Sciences--Biology<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"SCIENCE--Life Sciences--Biology<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/792877952#Topic\/science_life_sciences_general<\/a>> # SCIENCE--Life Sciences--General<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"SCIENCE--Life Sciences--General<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85014214<\/a>> # Biology--Philosophy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Biology--Philosophy<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/mau<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"mau<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1034520<\/a>> # Natural selection<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Natural selection<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/832439<\/a>> # Biology--Philosophy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Biology--Philosophy<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/33226003<\/a>> # Paul Sheldon Davies<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Davies<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Paul Sheldon<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Paul Sheldon Davies<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
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<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780585481043<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0585481040<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780585481043<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
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