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The Nucleolus and Ribosome Biogenesis

Author: Asen A Khadzhiolov
Publisher: Vienna : Springer Vienna, 1985.
Series: Cell biology monographs, 12.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English
Summary:
The nucleolus had consistently attracted the attention of investigators in the fields of cell biology and pathology. Because of its ubiquitous presence in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, its rapid changes during their life cycle, and its rapid response to noxious agents, this organelle has been the subject of a large number of studies. Yet, the exact function and the very reason for the existence of the nucleolus  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Asen A Khadzhiolov
ISBN: 9783709187425 3709187427 9783709187449 3709187443
OCLC Number: 840303010
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: I. Introduction --
II. Ribosomal Genes --
II. 1. Definitions --
II. 2. Ribosomal RNA Genes --
II. 4. Ribosomal Protein Genes --
II. 5. Synopsis --
III. Transcription of Ribosomal Genes --
III. 1. Components of the Transcription Complex --
III. 2. The Transcription Process> --
III. 3. Transcription of 5 S rRNA Genes --
III. 4. Transcription of r-Protein Genes --
III. 5. Synopsis --
IV. Maturation of Preribosomes --
IV. 1. Structure of Primary Pre-rRNA --
IV. 2. Pre-rRNA Maturation Pathways --
IV. 3. Preribosomes: Structure and Maturation --
IV. 4. Synopsis --
V. Molecular Architecture of the Nucleolus --
V. 1. Introduction --
V.2. Nucleolus Organizer --
V.3. Fibrillar and Granular Components --
V.4. The Nucleolus and Other Nuclear Structures --
V.5. The Nucleolar Matrix --
V.6. Macromolecular Constituents --
V. 7. Outline --
VI. Regulation --
VI. l. General Considerations --
VI. 2. Transscriptional Control --
VI. 3. Posttranscriptional Control --
VI. 4. Autogeneous Regulation of Ribosome Biogenesis in Eukaryotes: A Model --
VI. 5. Synopsis --
VII. Ribosome Biogenesis in the Life Cycle of Normal and Cancer Cells --
VII. 1. Nucleologenesis and Nucleololysis --
VII. 2. Inhibition of Ribosome Biogenesis --
VII. 3. Growth Transitions --
VII. 4. Senescent and Cancer Cells --
VII. 5. Synopsis --
References.
Series Title: Cell biology monographs, 12.
Responsibility: by Asen A. Hadjiolov.

Abstract:

The nucleolus had consistently attracted the attention of investigators in the fields of cell biology and pathology. Because of its ubiquitous presence in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, its rapid changes during their life cycle, and its rapid response to noxious agents, this organelle has been the subject of a large number of studies. Yet, the exact function and the very reason for the existence of the nucleolus (the only large cellular structure not delimited by a membrane) remain largely unknown. The ribosomes were discovered relatively late in the study of cells, but due to their crucial involvement in the protein synthesis machinery of all living organisms, the elucidation of their structure and function quickly became one of the major goals of molecular biology. The relatively simple structure of the ribosome strengthens the hope that a full understanding of the structure and function of this organelle in molecular terms is within the reach of contemporary research~ Since each of the rRNA and protein molecules embodied in the ribosome is the product of a distinct gene, studies on the biogenesis of ribosomes expanded rapidly to become a core topic in molecular genetics.

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