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Occupational exposures and back disorders

Author: Statens beredning för medicinsk utvärdering (Sweden),
Publisher: Stockholm : Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment (SBU), October 2014.
Series: Yellow report, no. 227.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
1. People in the following groups develop more back trouble over time than those who are not subjected to the specified exposure at work:1.1. Those who work with manual handling (e.g. lift) or in a posture where the back is bent or rotated1.2. Those who work in a kneeling or squatting posture, or have physically demanding work tasks1.3. Those exposed to whole body vibration1.4. Those who experience work as mentally  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Systematic Review
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Statens beredning för medicinsk utvärdering (Sweden),
OCLC Number: 1021275393
Language Note: English summary of a complete report in Swedish.
Description: 1 online resource (1 PDF file (2 pages)).
Series Title: Yellow report, no. 227.
Other Titles: Arbetsmiljöns betydelse för ryggproblem.
Responsibility: Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment.

Abstract:

1. People in the following groups develop more back trouble over time than those who are not subjected to the specified exposure at work:1.1. Those who work with manual handling (e.g. lift) or in a posture where the back is bent or rotated1.2. Those who work in a kneeling or squatting posture, or have physically demanding work tasks1.3. Those exposed to whole body vibration1.4. Those who experience work as mentally stressful; or those who find their work demanding, but lack decision latitude (personal control of their own working situation); or those who have insufficient opportunities for personal development1.5. Those who work outside standard office hours.2. In some work environments, people have less back trouble. Those who experience high influence over work-related decisions, those who get social support at work and those with high job satisfaction develop less back trouble than others.3. Women and men with similar occupational exposures develop back troubles to the same extent.4. Those who work in forward bent postures or are exposed to whole body vibration in their work develop more symptoms of sciatica than others, while those with high job satisfaction develop less such symptoms. Those whose work entails manual handling develop more inter-vertebral disc changes than others.5. This systematic literature review has uncovered a substantial body of knowledge concerning occupational exposures and back disorders. Future research should include intervention studies, i.e. studies that scientifically test the effect of well defined interventions on back disorders over extended periods of time in authentic work situations.

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