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The official VCP5 certification guide

Author: Bill Ferguson
Publisher: [Place of publication not identified] : VMware Press, 2012.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats

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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Study guides
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Bill Ferguson
OCLC Number: 795808311
Description: 1 online resource (343 pages) : illustrations
Contents: About the Author xix Dedication xx Acknowlegments xxi About the Reviewers xxii Introduction xxiiiChapter 1 Planning, Installing, Configuring, and Upgrading vCenter Server and VMware ESXi 3 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 3 Installing and Configuring vCenter Server 6 Identifying Available vSphere and vCenter Server Editions 6 Deploying the vCenter Appliance 9 Installing vCenter Server into a Virtual Machine 14 Sizing the vCenter Server Database 17 Installing Additional vCenter Server Components 17 Installing/Removing vSphere Client Plug-Ins 18 Enabling/Disabling vSphere Client Plug-Ins 19 Licensing vCenter Server 19 Determining Availability Requirements for vCenter Server in a Given vSphere Implementation 21 Determining Use Cases for vSphere Client and Web Client 22 Installing and Configuring VMware ESXi 22 Performing an Interactive Installation of ESXi 22 Deploying an ESXi Host Using Auto Deploy 24 Configuring NTP on an ESXi Host 26 Configuring DNS and Routing on an ESXi Host 27 Enabling/Configuring/Disabling Hyperthreading 27 Enabling/Sizing/Disabling Memory Compression Cache 28 Licensing an ESXi Host 30 Planning and Performing Upgrades of vCenter Server and VMware ESXi 31 Identifying Upgrade Requirements for ESXi Hosts 31 Identifying Steps Required to Upgrade a vSphere Implementation 32 Upgrading a vSphere Distributed Switch 33 Upgrading from VMFS3 to VMFS5 34 Upgrading VMware Tools 34 Upgrading Virtual Machine Hardware 37 Upgrading an ESXi Host using vCenter Update Manager 39 Determining Whether an In-Place Upgrade Is Appropriate in a Given Upgrade Scenario 42 Securing vCenter Server and ESXi 43 Identifying Common vCenter Server Privileges and Roles 43 System Roles 44 Sample Roles 44 Custom Roles 45 Describing How Permissions are Applied and Inherited in vCenter Server 45 Example 1: Permissions That Apply Directly to an Object Supersede Those That Are Inherited 46 Example 2: If a User Is a Member of More Multiple Groups, the User Is Assigned the Union of the Privileges for Each Group 46 Example 3: User/Role Pairings Applied Directly to an Object Supersede User/ Role Pairings That Are Inherited 47 Example 4: Permissions That Are Applied Directly to a User Supersede Permissions That Are Inherited Through Group Membership 48 Configuring and Administering the ESXi Firewall 49 Enabling Lockdown Mode 50 Configuring Network Security Policies 51 Promiscuous Mode 52 MAC Address Changes 53 Forged Transmits 53 Viewing/Sorting/Exporting User and Group Lists 54 Adding/Modifying/Removing Permissions for Users and Groups on vCenter Inventory Objects 54 Creating/Cloning/Editing vCenter Server Roles 55 Creating Roles 55 Cloning Roles 56 Editing Roles 59 Adding an ESXi Host to a Directory Service 60 Applying Permissions to ESXi Hosts Using Host Profiles 62 Determining the Appropriate Set of Privileges for Common Tasks in vCenter Server 62 Identifying vSphere Architecture and Solutions 62 Identifying Available vSphere Editions and Features 63 Explaining ESXi and vCenter Server Architectures 63 Explaining Private/Public/Hybrid Cloud Concepts 64 Determining the Appropriate vSphere Edition Based on Customer Requirements 66 Summary 67Chapter 2 Planning and Configuring vSphere Networking 73 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 73 Configuring vSphere Standard Switches 76 Identifying vSphere Standard Switch (vSS) Capabilities 76 Creating / Deleting a vSphere Standard Switch 77 Deleting a vSphere Standard Switch 81 Adding / Configuring / Removing vmnics on a vSphere Standard Switch 82 Configuring VMkernel Ports for Network Services 88 Adding / Editing / Removing Port Groups on a vSphere Standard Switch 90 Determining Use Cases for a vSphere Standard Switch 94 Configuring vSphere Distributed Switches 94 Identifying vSphere Distributed Switch Capabilities 95 Creating/Deleting a vSphere Distributed Switch 97 Deleting a vDS 100 Adding/Removing ESXi Hosts from a vSphere Distributed Switch 100 Adding/Configuring/Removing dvPort Groups 104 Adding/Removing Uplink Adapters to dvUplink Groups 108 Creating/Configuring/Removing Virtual Adapters 111 Migrating Virtual Adapters to/from a vSphere Standard Switch 117 Migrating Virtual Machines to/from a vSphere Distributed Switch 119 Determining Use Cases for a vSphere Distributed Switch 123 Configuring vSS and vDS Policies 124 Identifying Common vSS and vDS policies 124 Configuring dvPort Group Blocking Policies 132 Configuring Load Balancing and Failover Policies 133 Load Balancing 134 Network Failover Detection 134 Notify Switches 135 Failback 135 Configuring VLAN Settings 137 Configuring VLAN Policy Settings on a VDS 139 Configuring VLAN Trunking Policies on a VDS 140 Configuring Private VLAN Policy Settings on a vDS 140 Configuring Traffic Shaping Policies 142 Traffic Shaping Policies for vSphere Standard Switches 143 Traffic Shaping Policies for vSphere Distributed Switches 144 Enabling TCP Segmentation Offload support for a Virtual Machine 145 Enabling Jumbo Frames Support on Appropriate Components 147 Enabling Jumbo Frames for VMkernel Interface on a vSS 147 Enabling Jumbo Frames on a vDS 148 Enabling Jumbo Frame Support on Virtual Machines 149 Determining Appropriate VLAN Configuration for a vSphere Implementation 149 Summary 151Chapter 3 Planning and Configuring vSphere Storage 159 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 159 Configuring Shared Storage for vSphere 162 Identifying Storage Adapters and Devices 162 Fibre Channel 163 FCOE 163 iSCSI 164 NAS 164 Identifying Storage Naming Conventions 164 Storage Naming Conventions for Local and SAN 165 Identifying Hardware/Dependent Hardware/Software iSCSI Initiator Requirements 166 Comparing and Contrasting Array Thin Provisioning and Virtual Disk Thin Provisioning 168 Array Thin Provisioning 168 Virtual Disk Thin Provisioning 169 Describing Zoning and LUN Masking Practices 170 Zoning 171 Masking 172 Scanning/Rescanning Storage 172 Identifying Use Cases for FCOE 173 Creating an NFS Share for Use with vSphere 174 Connecting to a NAS Device 175 Enabling/Configuring/Disabling vCenter Server Storage Filters 177 Configuring/Editing Hardware/Dependent Hardware Adapters 179 Enabling/Disabling Software iSCSI Initiator Settings 180 Configuring iSCSI Port Binding 181 Enabling/Configuring/Disabling iSCSI CHAP 183 Determining Use Cases for Hardware/Dependent Hardware/Software iSCSI Initiator 185 Determining Use Cases for and Configuring Array Thin Provisioning 186 Configuring the Storage Virtual Appliance for vSphere 186 Defining the VSA Architecture 187 Configuring ESXi Hosts as VSA Hosts 188 Configuring the Storage Network for the VSA 189 Deploying/Configuring the VSA Manager 189 Administering VSA Storage Resources 190 Administering VSA Clusters 191 Administering VSA Datastores 191 Administering VSA Cluster Membership 191 Determining Use Case for Deploying the VSA 192 Determining Appropriate ESXi Host Resources for the VSA 192 Creating and Configuring VMFS and NFS Datastores 193 Identifying VMFS and NFS Datastore Properties 193 Identifying VMFS-5 Capabilities 195 Creating/Renaming/Deleting/Unmounting a VMFS Datastore 195 Mounting/Unmounting an NFS Datastore 205 Extending/Expanding VMFS Datastores 209 Extending VMFS Datastores 209 Expanding VMFS Datastores 213 Upgrading a VMFS-3 Datastore to VMFS-5 218 Placing a VMFS Datastore in Maintenance Mode 220 Selecting the Preferred Path for a VMFS Datastore 221 Disabling a Path to a VMFS Datastore 223 Determining Use Cases for Multiple VMFS and NFS Datastores 224 Determining Appropriate Path Selection Policy for a VMFS Datastore 224 Summary 225Chapter 4 Deploying and Administering Virtual Machine and vApps 235 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 235 Creating and Deploying Virtual Machines 238 Identifying Capabilities for Virtual Machine Hardware Versions 238 Identifying VMware Tools Device Drivers 240 Identifying Methods to Access and Use Virtual Machine Console 240 Identifying Virtual Machine Storage Resources 242 Placing Virtual Machines in Selected ESXi Hosts/Clusters/Resource Pools 243 Configuring and Deploying a Guest OS Into a New Virtual Machine 243 Creating/Converting Thin/Thick Provisioned Virtual Disks 245 Configuring Disk Shares 246 Installing/Upgrading/Updating VMware Tools 249 Configuring Virtual Machine Time Synchronization 251 Converting a Physical Machine Using VMware Converter 252 Importing a Supported Virtual Machine Source Using Vmware Converter 255 Modifying Virtual Hardware Settings Using VMware Standalone Converter 256 Configuring/Modifying Virtual CPU and Memory Resources According to OS and Application Requirements 256 Configuring and Modifying Virtual Machine CPU 257 Configuring and Modifying Virtual Machine Memory 258 Configuring/Modifying Virtual NIC Adapter and Connecting Virtual Machines to Appropriate Network Resources 260 Determining Appropriate Datastore Locations for Virtual Machines Based on Application Workloads 261 Creating and Deploying vApps 262 Identifying vApp Settings 262 Options 262 Start Order 266 vServices 267 Creating/Cloning/Exporting a vApp 267 Adding Objects to an Existing vApp 274 Editing vApp Settings 274 Configuring IP Pools 274 Suspending/Resuming a vApp 276 Determining When a Tiered Application Should Be Deployed as a vApp 276 Managing Virtual Machine Clones and Templates 277 Identifying the vCenter Server, Managed ESXi Hosts, and Virtual Machine Maximums 278 Identifying Cloning and Template Options 280 Cloning an Existing Virtual Machine 281 Creating a Template from an Existing Virtual Machine 282 Deploying a Virtual Machine from a Template 285 Updating Existing Virtual Machine Templates 287 Deploying Virtual Appliances and/or vApps from an OVF Template 290 Importing and /or Exporting an OVF Template 293 Determining the Appropriate Development Methodology for a Given Virtual Machine Application 295 Administering Virtual Machines and vApps 295 Identifying Files Used by Virtual Machines 295 Identifying Locations for Virtual Machine Configuration Files and Virtual Disks 297 Identifying Common Practices for Securing Virtual Machines 300 Hot Extending a Virtual Disk 301 Configuring Virtual Machine Options 303 General Options 304 vApp Options 304 VMware Tools 305 Power Management 306 Advanced 306 Configuring Virtual Machine Power Settings 307 Configuring Virtual Machine Boot Options 308 Configuring Virtual Machine Troubleshooting Options 309 Assigning a Storage Policy to a VM 310 Verifying Storage Policy Compliance for Virtual Machines 312 Determining When an Advanced Virtual Machine Parameter is Required 312 Adjusting Virtual Machine Resources (shares, limits and reservations) Based on Virtual Machine Workloads 313 Summary 313Chapter 5 Establishing and Maintaining Service Levels 323 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 323 Creating and Configuring VMware Clusters 326 Describing DRS Virtual Machine Entitlement 326 Creating/Deleting a DRS/HA Cluster 327 Adding/Removing ESXi Hosts from a DRS/HA Cluster 328 Adding or Removing Virtual Machines from a DRS/HA Cluster 334 Configuring Storage DRS 335 Configuring Enhanced vMotion Compatibility 340 Monitoring a DRS/HA Cluster 342 Configuring Migration Thresholds for DRS and Virtual Machines 342 Configuring Automation Levels for DRS and Virtual Machines 344 Creating VM-Host and VM-VM Affinity Rules 346 Enabling/Disabling Host Monitoring 350 Enabling/Configuring/Disabling Virtual Machine and Application Monitoring 351 Enabling/Configuring/Disabling Virtual Machine Monitoring 351 Enabling/Configuring/Disabling Application Monitoring 352 Configuring Admission Control for HA and Virtual Machines 353 Admission Control 354 Admission Control Policy 354 Determining Appropriate Failover Methodology and Required Resources for an HA Implementation 357 Host Failures the Cluster Tolerates 357 Percentage of Cluster Resources as Failover Spare Capacity 358 Specify Failover Hosts 358 Planning and Implementing VMware Fault Tolerance 358 Identifying VMware Fault Tolerance Requirements 359 Configuring VMware Fault Tolerance Networking 360 Enabling/Disabling VMware Fault Tolerance on a Virtual Machine 361 Testing an FT Configuration 362 Determining Use Case for Enabling VMware Fault Tolerance on a Virtual Machine 362 Creating and Administering Resource Pools 363 Describing the Resource Pool Hierarchy 363 Defining the Expandable Reservation Parameter 364 Creating/Removing a Resource Pool 365 Configuring Resource Pool Attributes 367 Adding/Removing Virtual Machines from a Resource Pool 368 Determining Resource Pool Requirements for a Given vSphere Implementation 368 Evaluating Appropriate Shares, Reservations, and Limits for Resource Pool Based on Virtual Machine Workloads 368 Cloning a vApp 369 Migrating Virtual Machines 373 Identifying ESXi Host and Virtual Machine Requirements for vMotion and Storage vMotion 373 ESXi and VM Requirements for vMotion 373 ESXi and VM Requirements for Storage vMotion 375 Identifying Enhanced vMotion Compatibility CPU Requirements 376 Identifying Snapshot Requirements for vMotion/Storage vMotion Migration 377 Migrating Virtual Machines Using vMotion/Storage vMotion 378 Migrating a VM Using vMotion 378 Migrating a VM's Files Using Storage vMotion 382 Configuring Virtual Machine Swap File Location 384 Migrating a Powered-Off or Suspended Virtual Machine 386 Utilizing Storage vMotion Techniques 387 Backing Up and Restoring Virtual Machines 388 Identifying Snapshot Requirements 389 Creating/Deleting/Consolidating Virtual Machine Snapshots 389 Installing and Configuring VMware Data Recovery 395 Creating a Backup Job with VMware Data Recovery 396 Performing a Test and Live Full/File-Level Restore with Vmware Data Recovery 397 Determining Appropriate Backup Solution for a Given vSphere Implementation 397 Patching and Updating ESXi and Virtual Machines 398 Identifying Patching Requirements for ESXi Hosts and Virtual Machine Hardware/Tools 398 Creating/Editing/Removing a Host Profile from an ESXi Host 398 Attach/Apply a Host Profile to an ESXi Host or Cluster 402 Performing Compliance Scanning and Remediation of an ESXi Host Using Host Profiles 405 Installing and Configuring vCenter Update Manager 406 Configuring Patch Download Options 411 Creating/Editing/Deleting an Update Manager Baseline 412 Attaching an Update Manager Baseline to an ESXi Host or Cluster 415 Scanning and Remediating ESXi Hosts and Virtual Machine Hardware/Tools Using Update Manager 416 Summary 417Chapter 6 Performing Basic Troubleshooting 423 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 423 Performing Basic Troubleshooting for ESXi Hosts 426 Identifying General ESXi Host Troubleshooting Guidelines 426 Learn How to Access Support Mode 426 Know How to Retrieve Logs 429 Troubleshooting Common Installation Issues 431 Troubleshooting Boot Order 432 Troubleshooting License Assignment 432 Troubleshooting Plug-Ins 433 Monitoring ESXi System Health 433 Exporting Diagnostic Information 435 Performing Basic vSphere Network Troubleshooting 439 Verifying Network Configuration 440 Verifying a Given Virtual Machine Is Configured with the Correct Network Resources 441 Troubleshooting Virtual Switch and Port Group Configuration Issues 442 Troubleshooting Physical Network Adapter Configuration Issues 443 Identifying the Root Cause of a Network Issue Based on Troubleshooting Information 444 Performing Basic vSphere Storage Troubleshooting 445 Verifying Storage Configuration 445 Troubleshooting Storage Contention Issues 448 Troubleshooting Storage Over-Commitment Issues 450 Excessive Reservations Cause Slow Host Performance 450 Path Thrashing Causes Slow Performance 450 Troubleshooting iSCSI Software Initiator Configuration Issues 451 Troubleshooting Storage Reports and Storage Maps 451 Storage Reports 451 Storage Maps 453 Identifying the Root Cause of a Storage Issue Based on Troubleshooting Information 454 Performing Basic Troubleshooting for HA/DRS Clusters and vMotion/Storage vMotion 455 Identifying HA/DRS and vMotion Requirements 455 Verifying vMotion/Storage vMotion Configuration 456 Verifying vMotion Configuration 456 Verifying HA Network Configuration 457 Verifying HA/DRS Cluster Configuration 458 Troubleshooting HA Capacity Issues 459 Troubleshooting HA Redundancy Issues 459 Interpreting the DRS Resource Distributing Graph and Target/Current Host Load Deviation 460 Troubleshooting DRS Load Imbalance Issues 462 Troubleshooting vMotion/Storage vMotion Migration Issues 462 Interpreting vMotion Resource Maps 463 Identifying the Root Cause for a DRS/HA Cluster or Migration Issue Based on Troubleshooting Information 463 Summary 465Chapter 7 Monitoring vSphere Implementation and Managing vCenter Alarms 471 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 471 Monitoring ESXi, vCenter Server, and Virtual Machines 474 Describing How Tasks and Events are Viewed in vCenter Server 474 Viewing by Object Selected in Console Pane 475 Showing Only Object Entries 476 Filtering by Keyword 477 Identifying Critical Performance Metrics 477 Explaining Common Memory Metrics 478 Explaining Common CPU Metrics 484 Explaining Common Network Metrics 484 Explaining Common Storage Metrics 485 Comparing and Contrasting Overview and Advanced Charts 485 Configuring SNMP for vCenter Server 487 Configuring Active Directory and SMTP Settings for vCenter Server 488 Configuring Active Directory Settings for vCenter 488 Configuring SMTP Settings for a vCenter Server 489 Configuring vCenter Server Logging Options 491 Creating a Log Bundle 492 Creating/Editing/Deleting a Scheduled Task 495 Configuring/Viewing/Printing/Exporting Resource Maps 500 Starting/Stopping/Verifying vCenter Service Status 503 Starting/Stopping/Verifying ESXi Host Agent Status 505 Configuring vCenter Server Timeout Settings 506 Monitoring/Administering vCenter Server Connections 507 Creating an Advanced Chart 508 Determining Host Performance Using Resxtop and Guest Perfmon 510 Determining Host Performance Using Resxtop 510 Determining Host Performance Using Guest Perfmon 514 Given Performance Data, Identifying the Affected vSphere Resource 514 Creating and Administering vCenter Server Alarms 515 Listing vCenter Default Utilization Alarms 516 Listing vCenter Default Connectivity Alarms 516 Listing Possible Actions for Utilization and Connectivity Alarms 517 Creating a vCenter Utilization Alarm 518 Creating a vCenter Connectivity Alarm 521 Configuring Alarm Triggers 524 Configuring Alarm Actions 525 For a Given Alarm, Identifying the Affected Resource in a vSphere Implementation 525 Summary 526Chapter 8 What Do I Do Now? 533 Scheduling the Test 533 Comparing Your Knowledge to the VCP510 Exam Blueprint Objectives 534 Studying the Questions at the End of Each Chapter and on the Bonus Material 535 Taking the Mock Exam on the VMware Website 536 The Day of the Test 536 Sending Me an Email When You Pass 537Appendix A Answers to the "Do I Know This Already?" Quizzes and Chapter Review Questions 539TOC, 9780789749314, 7/12/2012
Other Titles: VCP5 certification guide
Responsibility: by Bill Ferguson.


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