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On Aristotle's "Physics 3"

Author: Simplicius, of Cilicia; J O Urmson; Peter Lautner
Publisher: Ithaca, New York : Cornell University Press, 2002.
Series: Ancient commentators on Aristotle.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Aristotle's Physics Book 3 covers two subjects: the definition of change and the finitude of the universe. Change, which enters into the very definition of nature as an internal source of change, receives two definitions in Chapters 1 and 2, as involving the actualization of the potential or of the changeable. Alexander of Aphrodisias is reported as thinking that the second version is designed to show that Book 3,  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Early works
Early works to 1800
Ouvrages avant 1800
Named Person: Aristotle.; Simplicius, of Cilicia.; Aristotle.; Aristote.; Aristó́teles
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Simplicius, of Cilicia; J O Urmson; Peter Lautner
ISBN: 0801439035 9780801439032
OCLC Number: 49310216
Language Note: Text in English, translated from the Ancient Greek; introduction and notes in English.
Notes: Series statement from dust jacket.
Description: 198 pages : 1 illustration ; 24 cm.
Contents: Introduction --
Translator's note --
Textual emendations --
Translation.
Series Title: Ancient commentators on Aristotle.
Other Titles: Commentarii in octo Aristotelis Physicae auscultationis libros.
Simplicius on Aristotle's "Physics 3"
Responsibility: Simplicius ; translated by J.O. Urmson ; notes by Peter Lautner.

Abstract:

"Aristotle's Physics Book 3 covers two subjects: the definition of change and the finitude of the universe. Change, which enters into the very definition of nature as an internal source of change, receives two definitions in Chapters 1 and 2, as involving the actualization of the potential or of the changeable. Alexander of Aphrodisias is reported as thinking that the second version is designed to show that Book 3, like Book 5, means to disqualify change in relations from being genuine change. Aristotle's successor Theophrastus, we are told, and Simplicius himself, prefer to admit relational change." "Chapter 3 introduces a general causal principle that the activity of the agent causing change is in the patient undergoing change, and that the causing and undergoing are to be counted as only one activity, however different in definition. Simplicius points out that this paves the way for Aristotle's God who moves the heavens, while admitting no motion in himself. It is also the basis of Aristotle's doctrine, central to Neoplatonism, that intellect is one with the objects it contemplates." "In defending Aristotle's claim that the universe is spatially finite, Simplicius has to meet Archytas' question: "What happens at the edge?" He replies that, given Aristotle's definition of place, there is nothing beyond the furthest stars, and one cannot stretch one's hand into nothing, nor be prevented by nothing."--BOOK JACKET.

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