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Oral history interview with Bengt Georg Daniel Strömgren, 1976 May 6 and 13. Preview this item
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Oral history interview with Bengt Georg Daniel Strömgren, 1976 May 6 and 13.

Author: Bengt Strömgren; Lillian Hoddeson; Gordon Baym
Edition/Format:   Archival material : Microfilm : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Family background and early interest in astronomy (Elis Strömgren). Undergraduate and graduate studies at University of Copenhagen, late 1920s; studies at Niels Bohr Institute, 1927-1929; thesis work in classical astronomy (orbits of comets). Development of photoelectric photometry and observations; early electronics, 1925; conflicting results in calculations of opacities (Arthur Stanley Eddington, Gaunt, Thomas T.  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Oral histories
Interviews
Transcripts
Sound recordings
Classification
History
Named Person: Walter S Adams; Hans A Bethe; Niels Bohr; S Chandrasekhar; Arthur Stanley Eddington, Sir; R H Fowler; George Gamow; George Ellery Hale; Werner Heisenberg; Ejnar Hertzsprung; Robert Maynard Hutchins; J C Kapteyn; Gerard P Kuiper; L D Landau; Edward Arthur Milne; W W Morgan; J Robert Oppenheimer; Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin; Svein Rosseland; Harlow Shapley; Bengt Strömgren; Svante Elis Strömgren; Otto Struve; Carl Friedrich Weizsäcker, Freiherr von; Ludwig Franz Benedikt Biermann; Werner Bolton; Theodore Dunham; Gaunt.; Carl Osbourne; Grote Reber; Anders Reitz; Meghnad N Saha; Thomas T Sugihara; Walter S Adams; Hans A Bethe; Niels Bohr; S Chandrasekhar; Arthur Stanley Eddington, Sir; R H Fowler; George Gamow; George Ellery Hale; Werner Heisenberg; Ejnar Hertzsprung; Robert Maynard Hutchins; J C Kapteyn; Gerard P Kuiper; L D Landau; Edward Arthur Milne; W W Morgan; J Robert Oppenheimer; Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin; Svein Rosseland; Harlow Shapley; Bengt Strömgren; Otto Struve; Carl Friedrich Weizsäcker, Freiherr von
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Archival Material, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Bengt Strömgren; Lillian Hoddeson; Gordon Baym
OCLC Number: 966255783
Notes: Advance notice of two business days required to use audio or video tapes.
Interview conducted by Lillian Hoddeson and George Baym on 6 and 13 May 1976.
Interview conducted as part of the Sources for History of Modern Astrophysics (SHMA) project.
Reproduction Notes: 10" microfilm reel. Bethesda, MD: Cutting Corp., 2000. Original recording remastered onto 6 10" reels.
Description: Transcript: 68 pages audio recording: 3 cassettes (4 hr.)

Abstract:

Family background and early interest in astronomy (Elis Strömgren). Undergraduate and graduate studies at University of Copenhagen, late 1920s; studies at Niels Bohr Institute, 1927-1929; thesis work in classical astronomy (orbits of comets). Development of photoelectric photometry and observations; early electronics, 1925; conflicting results in calculations of opacities (Arthur Stanley Eddington, Gaunt, Thomas T. Sugihara, Svein Rosseland, J.R. Oppenheimer, Meghnad N. Saha, R.H. Fowler, E. Arthur Milne, Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin); assistant at University of Copenhagen, 1929; LaSilla Observatory. To University of Chicago and Yerkes Observatory (Otto Struve), 1936-1939; starts work on formation of H #II regions, 1939; work at Mt. Wilson Observatory on absorption lines (Walter S. Adams, Theodore Dunham); estimates of ages of stars (Hans Bethe); Hubble Constant; comparison of astronomy in Europe and U.S.; European astronomers in U.S. (Gerard Kuiper, Polydore Swings, Carl Osbourne, Ejnar Hertzsprung); comments on history of Yerkes (Struve), teaching at Chicago; discussion of work on equation of ionization and calculations of opacities (Carl von Weizsäcker, Struve, S. Chandrasekhar); comments on W.W. Morgan. Discussion of work on stellar evolution, ionization of interstellar hydrogen (Struve). Effects of World War II on astronomy; influence of European astronomers on Americans; Ludwig Biermann; European Southern Observatory; views on radio-astronomy after World War II (Grote Reber). Astronomy in Denmark during war; stellar evolution (Anders Reitz, George Gamow); Strömgren becomes director of Copenhagen Observatory; developments in astrophysics during the war; optical studies. Nazi occupation of Niels Bohr Institute (Werner Heisenberg); contacts with German astronomers; development of Brorfelde Observatory. Becomes director of Yerkes and McDonald Observatory (Robert Hutchins), 1950-1957; American astronomy after World War II; relation of scientific community and government (Office of Naval Research); stellar classification work. Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (Oppenheimer), investigation of intermediate population II and extreme population II, 1957; establishment of Kitt Peak Observatory; return to Denmark, 1967. Also prominently mentioned are: Niels Bohr, Werner Bolton, George Ellery Hale, Jacobus C. Kapteyn, Lev Landau, and Harlow Shapley.

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   schema:familyName "Hertzsprung" ;
   schema:givenName "Ejnar" ;
   schema:name "Ejnar Hertzsprung" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/hoddeson_lillian> # Lillian Hoddeson
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Hoddeson" ;
   schema:givenName "Lillian" ;
   schema:name "Lillian Hoddeson" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/hutchins_robert_maynard_1899_1977> # Robert Maynard Hutchins
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1899" ;
   schema:deathDate "1977" ;
   schema:familyName "Hutchins" ;
   schema:givenName "Robert Maynard" ;
   schema:name "Robert Maynard Hutchins" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/kapteyn_j_c_jacobus_cornelius_1851_1922> # Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1851" ;
   schema:deathDate "1922" ;
   schema:familyName "Kapteyn" ;
   schema:givenName "Jacobus Cornelius" ;
   schema:givenName "J. C." ;
   schema:name "Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/kuiper_gerard_p_gerard_peter_1905_1973> # Gerard Peter Kuiper
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1905" ;
   schema:deathDate "1973" ;
   schema:familyName "Kuiper" ;
   schema:givenName "Gerard Peter" ;
   schema:givenName "Gerard P." ;
   schema:name "Gerard Peter Kuiper" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/landau_l_d_lev_davidovich_1908_1968> # Lev Davidovich Landau
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1908" ;
   schema:deathDate "1968" ;
   schema:familyName "Landau" ;
   schema:givenName "Lev Davidovich" ;
   schema:givenName "L. D." ;
   schema:name "Lev Davidovich Landau" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/milne_edward_arthur_1896_1950> # Edward Arthur Milne
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1896" ;
   schema:deathDate "1950" ;
   schema:familyName "Milne" ;
   schema:givenName "Edward Arthur" ;
   schema:name "Edward Arthur Milne" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/morgan_w_w_william_wilson_1906_1994> # William Wilson Morgan
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1906" ;
   schema:deathDate "1994" ;
   schema:familyName "Morgan" ;
   schema:givenName "William Wilson" ;
   schema:givenName "W. W." ;
   schema:name "William Wilson Morgan" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/oppenheimer_j_robert_1904_1967> # J. Robert Oppenheimer
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1904" ;
   schema:deathDate "1967" ;
   schema:familyName "Oppenheimer" ;
   schema:givenName "J. Robert" ;
   schema:name "J. Robert Oppenheimer" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/osbourne_carl> # Carl Osbourne
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Osbourne" ;
   schema:givenName "Carl" ;
   schema:name "Carl Osbourne" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/payne_gaposchkin_cecilia_1900_1979> # Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1900" ;
   schema:deathDate "1979" ;
   schema:familyName "Payne-Gaposchkin" ;
   schema:givenName "Cecilia" ;
   schema:name "Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/reber_grote_1911_2002> # Grote Reber
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1911" ;
   schema:deathDate "2002" ;
   schema:familyName "Reber" ;
   schema:givenName "Grote" ;
   schema:name "Grote Reber" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/reitz_anders> # Anders Reitz
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Reitz" ;
   schema:givenName "Anders" ;
   schema:name "Anders Reitz" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/rosseland_svein_1894_1985> # Svein Rosseland
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1894" ;
   schema:deathDate "1985" ;
   schema:familyName "Rosseland" ;
   schema:givenName "Svein" ;
   schema:name "Svein Rosseland" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/saha_meghnad_n> # Meghnad N. Saha
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Saha" ;
   schema:givenName "Meghnad N." ;
   schema:name "Meghnad N. Saha" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/shapley_harlow_1885_1972> # Harlow Shapley
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1885" ;
   schema:deathDate "1972" ;
   schema:familyName "Shapley" ;
   schema:givenName "Harlow" ;
   schema:name "Harlow Shapley" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/stromgren_bengt_1908_1987> # Bengt Strömgren
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1908" ;
   schema:deathDate "1987" ;
   schema:familyName "Strömgren" ;
   schema:givenName "Bengt" ;
   schema:name "Bengt Strömgren" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/stromgren_svante_elis_1870_1947> # Svante Elis Strömgren
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1870" ;
   schema:deathDate "1947" ;
   schema:familyName "Strömgren" ;
   schema:givenName "Svante Elis" ;
   schema:name "Svante Elis Strömgren" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/struve_otto_1897_1963> # Otto Struve
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1897" ;
   schema:deathDate "1963" ;
   schema:familyName "Struve" ;
   schema:givenName "Otto" ;
   schema:name "Otto Struve" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/sugihara_thomas_t> # Thomas T. Sugihara
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:familyName "Sugihara" ;
   schema:givenName "Thomas T." ;
   schema:name "Thomas T. Sugihara" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Person/weizsacker_carl_friedrich_freiherr_von_1912_2007> # Freiherr von Carl Friedrich Weizsäcker
    a schema:Person ;
   schema:birthDate "1912" ;
   schema:deathDate "2007" ;
   schema:familyName "Weizsäcker" ;
   schema:givenName "Carl Friedrich" ;
   schema:name "Freiherr von Carl Friedrich Weizsäcker" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Place/denmark> # Denmark.
    a schema:Place ;
   schema:name "Denmark." ;
   schema:name "Denmark" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Topic/astronomy_study_and_teaching> # Astronomy--Study and teaching
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "Astronomy--Study and teaching"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Topic/astrophysics_history> # Astrophysics--History
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "Astrophysics--History"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Topic/science_and_state_united_states> # Science and state--United States
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "Science and state--United States"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/3900291034#Topic/stars_classification> # Stars--Classification
    a schema:Intangible ;
   schema:name "Stars--Classification"@en ;
    .


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