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The origins and growth of physical science

Author: D L Hurd; J J Kipling; George I Schwartz
Publisher: Baltimore : Penguin Books, [1964]
Series: Pelican books, 534, A535.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English
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Genre/Form: History
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: D L Hurd; J J Kipling; George I Schwartz
OCLC Number: 1090203
Notes: "Based on Moments of discovery, edited by George Schwartz and Philip W. Bishop."
Description: 2 volumes : illustrations ; 18 cm
Contents: V.1. Introduction: the origins of physical science --
The beginnings of the scientific approach --
On cosmology / Aristotle --
The law of the lever is developed and some applications of this principle are set forth / Archimedes --
A method is described for measuring the circumference of the Earth / Eratosthenes --
The atomic theory of the nature of things according to the ideas of Democritus and Epicurus / Lucretius --
From Classical times to the Renaissance --
The properties of gold / Pliny the Elder --
The hypotheses of the geocentric universe are set down / Ptolemy --
The aims and some of the methods of the alchemists are indicated / Jabir Ibn Hayyan (Geber) --
The formation of metals in the Earth is discussed / Agricola (Georg Bauer) --
Phlogiston / Georg Ernst Stahl --
The mechanistic universe --
The rejection of the Ptolemaic universe / Copernicus --
A new star is reported / Tycho Brahe --
On the motion of the planets / Johann Kepler --
The construction of a telescope and its use in astronomical observation --
the laws of acceleration and of falling bodies are established / Galileo Galilei --
The universal laws of motion are established / Isaac Newton --
The return of a comet is predicted / Edmund Halley --
The nebular hypothesis is suggested as an explanation of the origin of the solar system / Pierre Simon Laplace --
The science of gases --
The barometer / Evangelista Torricelli --
The facts of air pressure are demonstrated by experiment / Blaise Pascal --
Boyle's Law / Robert Boyle --
The chemistry of fixed air (carbon dioxide) is studied experimentally / Joseph Black --
The preparation of dephlogisticated air (oxygen) and its role in combustion / Joseph Priestley --
The isolation of oxygen and the composition of the atmosphere / Carl Wilhelm Scheele --
Water is shown to be a compound of two gases / Henry Cavendish --
Oxygen as the key to the theory of combustion / Antoine Laurent Lavoisier. V.2. Introduction: the development of modern science --
The foundations of modern chemistry --
The foundations of the atomic theory / John Dalton --
Chlorine is recognized as an element / Humphry Davy --
The law of combination of gases / Joseph Gay-Lussac --
The distinction between an atom and a molecule / Amedeo Avogadro --
The periodic table of the elements / Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev --
The emergency of organic chemistry --
Urea is prepared in vitro / Friedrich Wohler --
Types of organic compound / Charles Gerhardt --
The discovery of mauveine / William Henry Perkin, Senior --
The valency of carbon and the structure of benzine / Friedrich August Kekule --
Stereochemistry / Jacobus Hernicus Van't Hoff and Joseph Achille le Bel --
The electromagnetic synthesis --
The composite nature of white light is demonstrated / Isaac Newton --
The wave theory of light is set forth / Christian Huygens --
The science of electricity and magnetism is initiated / William Gilbert --
The famous kite experiment is described / Benjamin Franklin --
The electric and magnetic forces are measured / Charles Augustin Coulomb --
The voltaic pile and the voltaic battery are developed / Alessandro Volta --
The foundation of electrodynamics / Andre Marie Ampere --
Electromagnetic induction is described / Michael Faraday --
A dynamical theory of electromagnetic phenomena / James Clerk Maxwell --
The existence of electromagnetic waves is experimentally confirmed / Heinrich Hertz --
The rise of physical chemistry --
The laws of electroysis / Michael Faraday --
Properties of solutions / Francois-Marie Raoult --
The ionic theory / Svante August Arrhenius --
The law of mass action / Cato Maximilian Guldberg and Peter Waage --
Catalysis / Friedrich Wilhelm Ostwald --
The breakdown of classical physics --
X-rays are discovered / Wilhelm Rontgen --
The discovery of the electron / J.J. Thomson --
The discovery of radioactivity / Henri Becquerel --
Polonium and radium are discovered / Pierre and Marie Curie --
The nature and causes of radioactivity / Ernest Rutherford and Frederick Soddy --
The quantum enters physics / Max Planck.
Series Title: Pelican books, 534, A535.
Responsibility: edited by D.L. Hurd and J.J. Kipling.

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