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The origins of American slavery : freedom and bondage in the English colonies

Author: Betty Wood
Publisher: New York : Hill and Wang, 1998.
Series: Critical issue.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 1st pbk. edView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Though the English did not begin their colonization of the New World with the intention of enslaving anyone, by the end of the seventeenth century chattel slavery existed in each of England's American colonies. Why? And why did the English enslave West Africans rather than native Americans or Europeans? Historians have usually stressed either racial ideology or determining economic and demographic factors, but  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Betty Wood
ISBN: 0809016087 9780809016082
OCLC Number: 40123151
Description: 132 pages : maps ; 21 cm.
Contents: Freedom and bondage in English thought --
"Beastly Lyvynge": images of West Africans and Native Americans --
The first American slaves: the Caribbean and Carolina --
Tobacco slaves: the Chesapeake colonies --
"Godly society": slavery among Puritans and Quakers.
Series Title: Critical issue.
Other Titles: American slavery
Responsibility: Betty Wood.

Abstract:

"Though the English did not begin their colonization of the New World with the intention of enslaving anyone, by the end of the seventeenth century chattel slavery existed in each of England's American colonies. Why? And why did the English enslave West Africans rather than native Americans or Europeans? Historians have usually stressed either racial ideology or determining economic and demographic factors, but Betty Wood suggests that a more complex rationale was at work." "In this important new analysis, Wood begins by exploring the meanings of freedom and bondage in sixteenth-century English thought and the ideas that men and women of Tudor England had about Africans and native Americans. She studies their prejudices against non-Christians, their responses to models of slavery in the Spanish and French colonies, and their assessment of their own labor shortages, and in the light of these various factors interprets the decision of the English to resort to slave labor in the colonies. She then follows the spread of slavery through the seventeenth century, from the Caribbean and the Carolinas to Virginia tobacco country and finally among the Puritans and Quakers farther north."--Jacket.

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