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PAH in work atmospheres : occurrence and determination

Author: Alf Bjørseth; Georg Becher
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, [2018]
Series: CRC revivals.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
(OCoLC)1027831900
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Alf Bjørseth; Georg Becher
ISBN: 9781351075312 1351075314
OCLC Number: 1035748177
Notes: Originally published 1986 by CRC Press.
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Cover --
Title Page --
Copyright Page --
PREFACE --
THE EDITORS --
Table of Contents --
Chapter 1: PAH as Occupational Carcinogens --
I. Historical Review --
II. Epidemiological Evidences for Cancer Risk from PAH --
A. Chimney Sweeps --
B. Aluminum Workers --
C. Coke Oven and Steel Workers --
D. Iron and Steel Foundry Workers --
E. Asphalt and Tar Workers --
III. Summary and Conclusion --
References --
Chapter 2: Mode of PAH Formation --
References --
Chapter 3: Physical and Chemical Properties of PAH --
I. Chemical Structure and Nomenclature --
II. Physical Properties --
III. Atmospheric Forms of PAH --
IV. Chemical Reactivity --
A. Oxidation Reactions --
B. Reactions with Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur --
V. Summary and Conclusion --
References --
Chapter 4: Sources and Exposure --
I. Sources of PAH in the Work Environment --
A. Coke Production --
1. Historical Perspectives --
2. Coal Characteristics --
3. Structure and Operation of a Coke Plant --
4. Major By-Products --
5. Personnel --
B. Aluminum Production --
1. Introduction --
2. Electrolytic Reduction --
a. Prebake Anode Process --
b. Söderberg Anode Process --
C. Iron and Steel Works --
1. Iron Production --
2. Steel Production --
D. Iron and Steel Founding --
E. Petroleum Processing --
F. Coal Conversion --
1. Coal Gasification --
a. Historical Perspectives --
b. Modem Coal Gasification Processes --
c. Commercial Gasifiers --
d. Experimental Gasifiers --
2. Coal Liquefaction --
G. Shale Oil Production --
H. Asphalt Production and Use --
I. Carbon Black Production --
J. Combustion Engines --
K. Lubricants --
II. Pathways of Exposure --
III. Summary and Conclusion --
References --
Chapter 5: Sampling of PAH in Work Atmospheres --
I. Filter Sampling --
II. Sampling by Filter and Back-Up --
III. Sampling Modes --
A. Stationary Sampling --
B. Personal Sampling --
IV. Storage and Shipment. V. Summary and Conclusions --
References --
Chapter 6: Analytical Methods for Airborne PAH --
I. Real-Time Techniques --
II. Fast and Inexpensive Group- or Compound-Specific Methods --
III. Detailed Analysis --
A. Desorption --
B. Isolation --
1. Liquid-Liquid Partition --
2. Column Chromatography --
3. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) --
4. Thin-Layer Chromatography (TLC) --
5. Selected Analytical Schemes --
C. Identification and Quantification --
1. TLC --
2. HPLC --
3. GC --
IV. Quality Control of the Analytical Method --
A. Use of Internal Standards --
B. Intra- and Interlaboratory Control of PAH Analyses --
V. Summary and Conclusion --
References --
Chapter 7: Biological Monitoring of PAH Exposure --
I. Intake, Distribution, and Excretion of PAH --
II. Metabolism and Activation of PAH --
III. Effects of Particulate PAH --
IV. Analysis of PAH in Urine --
V. Analysis of PAH in Blood Samples --
VI. Summary and Conclusion --
References --
Chapter 8: PAH in Different Workplace Atmospheres --
I. Threshold Limit Values for PAH --
II. Gas Works and Coke Ovens --
Ill. Aluminum Plants --
IV. Iron and Steel Works --
V. Foundries --
VI. Manufacturing of Carbon Electrodes --
VII. Roofing, Paving, and Insulating --
VIII. Coal Conversion Plants --
A. Coal Gasification Plants --
B. Coal Liquefaction Plants --
IX. Chimney Sweeping --
X. Exposure to Exhaust from Combustion Engines --
XI. Summary and Conclusion --
References --
Chapter 9: PAH Profiles and Proxy Methods --
References --
Chapter 10: Methods of Analysis --
I. Introduction --
II. Cyclohexane-Soluble Fraction of Total Particulate Matter --
A. Scope and Field of the Application --
B. Principle --
C. Apparatus --
D. Reagents --
E. Procedure --
F. Calculations --
G. Repeatability and Reproducibility --
H. Schematic Presentation of Procedure --
I. Advantages and Disadvantages. Ill. Analysis of BaP --
A. Scope and Field of Application --
B. Principle --
C. Apparatus --
D. Reagents --
E. Procedure --
F. Calculation --
G. Repeatability and Reproducibility --
H. Schematic Presentation of the Procedure --
I. Advantages and Disadvantages --
IV. Gas Chromatographic Profile Analysis of PAH --
A. Scope and Field of Application --
B. Principle --
C. Apparatus --
D. Reagents --
E. Procedure --
F. Calculation --
G. Repeatability and Reproducibility --
H. Schematic Representative of the Procedure --
I. Advantages and Disadvantages --
V. HPLC Determination of PAH --
A. Scope and Field of Application --
B. Principle --
C. Apparatus --
D. Reagents --
E. Procedure --
F. Calculations --
G. Repeatability and Reproducibility --
H. Schematic Representation of the Procedure --
I. Advantages and Disadvantages --
References --
Index.
Series Title: CRC revivals.
Other Titles: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in work atmospheres :
Responsibility: editors, Alf Bjøreth, Georg Becher.

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