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Parliamentary representation of citizens' preferences : explaining the differences between parliamentarians' votes and popular referendum results

Author: Marco Portmann
Publisher: Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2014.
Dissertation: doctoral Universität, Freiburg i.Ü. 2013
Series: Neue Studien zur politischen Ökonomie, Bd. 15.
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Document : Thesis/dissertation : eBook   Computer File : English : 1. AuflView all editions and formats
Summary:
Die Vertretung von Wählerpräferenzen ist eine zentrale Aufgabe von Parlamenten, deren Gesetzgebung alle Lebensbereiche der Bürger betreffen. Wie Vertretung verstanden und gemessen werden kann und letztlich die Frage, wie Institutionen die Beziehung zwischen Parlamentsmitgliedern und Bürgern formen, ist indes schwer zu beantworten. Diese Studie bietet einen innovativen Ansatz, die Vertretung von
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Portmann, Marco.
Parliamentary representation of citizens' preferences.
(OCoLC)887695869
Material Type: Document, Thesis/dissertation, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Marco Portmann
ISBN: 9783845253862 384525386X
OCLC Number: 890318896
Description: 1 online resource (229 pages) : figure, table.
Contents: Cover; Chapter 1 Thesis Overview; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Representation of citizens' preferences: a research program; 1.3 Thesis outline; Chapter 2 Using Referenda and Roll Call Votes as a Measure for Representation: Methodological Principles; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Empirical approach, Swiss institutions, and data; 2.2.1 Measuring congruence: comparing roll call votes to referenda; 2.2.2 Institutional background; 2.2.3 Datasets on parliamentary decisions and referenda; 2.3 The Downsian world in a nutshell; 2.3.1 Downs and two-party competition. 2.3.2 Extensions and alternatives to the median voter model2.4 Conceptualization of representation; 2.4.1 Whom to represent?; 2.4.2 The importance of comparable scales for politicians and voters; 2.5 Congruence measures in the literature; 2.5.1 Ideology scores by political action committees; 2.5.2 Scaling methods; 2.5.3 Survey data; 2.5.4 Roll call to referendum comparisons; 2.6 Vote-by-vote comparisons of roll calls and referenda; 2.6.1 Vote-by-vote comparisons in the literature; 2.6.2 Properties of the matching procedure; 2.6.3 Properties of final votes. 2.6.4 Properties of referenda and voter majority decisions2.7 Generalizability of results based on direct democratic institutions; 2.7.1 How direct democracy affects policy outcomes; 2.7.2 Implications; Chapter 3 Evaluating the Median Voter Model's Explanatory Power; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Matching representatives' roll call votes with median preferences; 3.3 The quality of the median voter model; 3.3.1 Baseline results; 3.3.2 Influence of median preferences on representatives; 3.4 Conclusion; Chapter 4 Voters Elect Politicians Who Closely Matched Their Preference. 4.1 Introduction4.2 Identification of past congruence and estimation strategy; 4.3 Empirical evidence for retrospective voting; 4.4 Conclusion; Chapter 5 Quantifying Parliamentary Representation of Constituents' Preferences and Explaining Divergence; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Institutional setting and methodology; 5.3 Empirical results; 5.3.1 Baseline results; 5.3.2 Responsiveness of representatives to constituency's preferences; 5.3.3 Explaining divergence; 5.4 Conclusion. Chapter 6 District Magnitude and Representation of the Majority's Preferences: Evidence from Popular and Parliamentary Votes6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Literature and theory; 6.2.1 Literature overview; 6.2.2 Theoretical considerations; 6.3 Data and estimation strategy; 6.3.1 Data; 6.3.2 Estimation equation; 6.4 Empirical results; 6.4.1 Baseline results; 6.4.2 Robustness; 6.4.3 BMA results; 6.5 Summary and conclusion; 6.5.1 Summary; 6.5.2 Policy conclusions; Chapter 7 A Refined View on the Relationship Between District Magnitude and Representation; 7.1 Introduction.
Series Title: Neue Studien zur politischen Ökonomie, Bd. 15.
Responsibility: Marco Portmann.

Abstract:

Die Vertretung von Wählerpräferenzen ist eine zentrale Aufgabe von Parlamenten, deren Gesetzgebung alle Lebensbereiche der Bürger betreffen. Wie Vertretung verstanden und gemessen werden kann und letztlich die Frage, wie Institutionen die Beziehung zwischen Parlamentsmitgliedern und Bürgern formen, ist indes schwer zu beantworten. Diese Studie bietet einen innovativen Ansatz, die Vertretung von Wählerpräferenzen durch Parlamentsmitglieder zu konzeptualisieren. Anhand des Vergleichs von schweizerischen Parlamentsabstimmungen mit den Resultaten von Volksabstimmungen werden zahlreiche Determinanten und Konsequenzen einer höheren oder tieferen Kongruenz zwischen Politiker- und Wählerentscheidungen untersucht. Der Fokus der Analyse liegt auf dem Einfluss von Wahlsystemen, etwa den Unterschieden zwischen der Verhältnis- und Mehrheitswahl und der Wirkungsweise der Wahlkreisgröße. Weitere Analysen beleuchten, unter anderem, den Zusammenhang zwischen Repräsentation und Wiederwahlchancen. In englischer Sprache. Representation - the linkage between citizens and members of parliament - is of paramount interest as legislation affects all areas of citizens' lives. However, "representation" is an elusive concept. How should "representation" be measured? How do institutions shape the relationship between members of parliament and citizens? This study offers a novel approach and dataset to conceptualize and analyze the representation of citizen preferences by parliamentary members. Drawing on the fact that Swiss citizens regularly cast referenda on the same policy proposals that members of parliament vote on, various determinants and consequences of higher or lower congruence between citizen preferences and politicians' votes are analyzed. While the focus is on the design of electoral systems (e.g.

Majoritarianvs. proportional representation and district magnitude), further analyses include, among others, the relationship between representation and electoral success. ReiheNeue Studien zur Politischen Ökonomie - Band 15.

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