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The penal system : an introduction.

Author: Michael Cavadino; James Dignan; George Mair
Publisher: London : SAGE Publications Ltd, 2013.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : 5th ed.View all editions and formats
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Supporting students across their entire module, this authoritative and widely respected text has been fully updated to include the most recent changes in the field and has expanded coverage of  Read more...

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Material Type: Document
Document Type: Book, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Michael Cavadino; James Dignan; George Mair
ISBN: 9781446276488 1446276481 9781446290545 1446290549
OCLC Number: 918559131
Description: 1 online resource (400 pages)
Contents: Preface; Companion Website; Introduction; The Criminal Justice System; The Penal Crisis and Strategies for Criminal Justice; Notes on Terminology: 'Punishment' and 'System'; Crisis? What Crisis?; Is there a Crisis?; The Orthadox Account of the Crisis; The High Prison Population (The Numbers Crisis); Overcrowding; Bad Conditions; Understaffing; Staff Unrest; 'Toxic Mix' of Prisoners; Riots and Disorder; Criticisms of the Orthodox Account; Improving on the Orthadox Account; The Crisis of Penological Resources; The Crisis of Visibility; The Crisis of Legitimacy; Responses to the Crisis; A Radical Pluralist Account of the Crisis; Justifying Punishment; Is Punishment Unjust?; Reductivism; Deterrence; Incapacitation; Reform; Just Deserts: Retributivism and Denunciation; Retributivism; Denunciation; Restorative. Justice; Schools of Penal Thought; The Classical School: Deterrence and the Tariff; Bentham and Neo-Classicism: Deterrence and Reform; Positivism: The Rehabilitative Ideal; The Justice Model: Just Deserts and Due Process; From Just Deserts to the New Punitiveness --
and Beyond?; Philosophies, Strategies and Attitudes; Conclusions: Punishment and Human Rights; Explaining Punishment; The Sociology of Punishment; The Marxist Tradition; Economic Determinism: Rusche and Kirchheimer; Ideology and Hegemony: The Legacy of Gramsci; Structuralist Marxism and Althusser; Post-Structuralism, Discipline and Power: Michel Foucault; Humanistic Materialism: The Case of E.P. Thompsom; The Durkheimian Tradition; The Weberian Tradition; Pluralism and Radical Pluralism; Applying Penal Sociology; The New Penology and The New Punitiveness; Comparative Penology and the New Punitiveness; Sentencing: The Crux of the Crisis; The Crux of the Crisis; Who Are the Sentencers?; Constraints on the Powers of Sentencers; Judical Independence and Traditional English Sentencing; Confining Discretion; Checking Discretion: Appeals; Structuring Discretion: Principles and Guidelines; The Current Legal Framework of Sentencing; A Brief, Tangled Recent History of Sentencing; 1991: From the Strategy of Encouragement to Just Deserts; 1992-97: The Law and Order Counter-Reformation; New Labour, Mixed Messages; Coalition False Dawn; A Rational Approach?; Punishment in the Community; Community Punishment in a Rapidly Changing Penal Landscape; Non-Custodial Punishment: the Current Sentencing Framework; Nominal and Warning Penalties; Financial Penalties; Compensatory Penalties; Reparative Penalties and Restorative Justice Approaches; Supervisory Penalties and the Changing Role of the Probation Service; Community Payback (Community Service or Unpaid Work); Surveillance and Restrictions on Movement: Curfews and Electronic Monitoring; 'Hybrid Penalties'; Community Punishment: Strategic Issues; Changing Penal Strategies and their Impact on the Use of Imprisonment and Community Punishment; Enforcement of Community Sentences: Sticks or Carrots?; 'Sentence Management' and the Changing Role of the Judiciary; Effectiveness of Community Sentences; Contestability and. Privatization; Shifting Patterns of Penality: Theoretical Reflections; Scull's 'Decarceration' Thesis; Cohen and Mathiesen: the 'Dispersal of Discipline' Thesis; Bottoms' 'Juridical Revival' Thesis; Conclusion: The Future of Punishment?; Prisons and the Penal Crisis; Overview; The Aims and Functions of Imprisonment; Official Aims of Imprisonment; Social Functions of Imprisonment; The Prison System; The Prisons and the Prisoners; Privatization; The Debate Around Prison Privatization; Privatization and the Crisis of Resources; Key Phases in Recent Prison Policy-Making; 1995-1999: The Security and Control Agenda --
Post-Woolf Backlash; 1999-2002: 'Decency Agenda' and 'Effectiveness Credo' --
The Quest for a Balanced Approach; 2002-2006: Keeping the Lid On --
Pragmatism Reasserts Itself; 2006-2012: Where do we go From Here?; The Prison System and its Crises; The. Managerial Crisis; The Crises of Containment and Security; The Prison Numbers Crisis and the Problem of Overcrowding; The Crisis of Conditions; The Crises of Control and Authority; The Crisis of Accountability; The Crisis of Legitimacy and How to Tackle it; Early Release: The Penal System's Safety Valve; Early Release: Useful, Controversial, Troublesome; History of Early Release; From Remission to Automatic Early Release; Parole (Discretionary Early Release); Early Release Today; Fixed-term (Determinate) Sentences; Extended Sentences (Extended Determinate Sentences); Life Imprisonment and Imprisonment for Public Protection; The Parole Board; Conclusion: Early Release Evaluated; The Youth Justice System; Young People, Crime and the Penal Crisis; Responding to Youth Crime: Models of Youth Justice; The Welfare Model; The Justice Model; Minimum Intervention and Systems Management; The Restorative Justice Model; Neo-Correctionalism; Neo-Correctional Youth Justice, 1997; Responding to Youth Crime: the Youth Justice System in Operation; Concluding Assessment: No More Excuses?; Bias in the Criminal Justice System; Introductory; Class; Race; Gender; Solving the Crisis?; A Grim Fairy Tale; Responses to the Crisis, 1970-2006; From Positivism to Law and Order with Bifurcation: 1970-1987; Just Deserts and Punishment in the Community: 1987-1992; Law and Order Reinvigorated: 1993-1997; 'Tough On Crime, Tough On the Causes of Crime': New Labour, 1997-2010; Coalition False Dawn: 2010 Onwards; How to Solve the Crisis; Approaches to the Penal Crisis; Measures to Solve the Crisis; The Prospects; Glossary of Key Terms; References; Index.

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While there is clearly a great deal of researched and developed expertisecontained in this book, it lacks experiential insights into the penal system whichmeans that some of the theories explored are Read more...

 
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