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Philosophy : history & problems

Author: Samuel Enoch Stumpf
Publisher: New York : McGraw-Hill, ©1994.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 5th edView all editions and formats
Summary:

A combination of two texts - "Socrates to Sartre" (1993) and "Philosophical Problems" (1994), this work offers an introduction to the history of philosopy. Book I presents the author's survey of  Read more...

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Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Stumpf, Samuel Enoch, 1918-
Philosophy.
New York : McGraw-Hill, ©1994
(OCoLC)763124290
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Samuel Enoch Stumpf
ISBN: 0070625182 9780070625181 0071136711 9780071136716
OCLC Number: 28962190
Description: xviii, 966 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: Book I : a history of philosophy. The ancient period : the shaping of the philosophic mind. Socrates' predecessors : philosophy and the natural order --
Socrates and the Sophists : the problems of truth and goodness --
Plato --
Aristotle --
Classical philosophy after Aristotle --
The Medieval period : the confluence of philosophy and theology. St. Augustine's Christian philosophy --
Philosophy in the Dark Ages : Boethius, Pseudo-Dionysius, Erigena --
Early statements of major problems --
The apex of Medieval philosophy : the scholastic system of St. Thomas Aquinas --
The modern period : philosophy and the unfolding world of science. The Renaissance interlude --
Advocates of the method of science : Bacon and Hobbes --
Rationalism on the continent : Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz --
Empiricism in Britain : Locke, Berkeley, and Hume --
Rousseau : a romantic in the Age of Reason --
Kant : critical mediator between dogmatism and skepticism --
Hegel : absolute idealism --
Schopenhauer : prophet of pessimism --
Comte : the rise of positivism in France --
Utilitarianism of Bentham and Mill --
The contemporary period : the reshaping of the philosophic mind. Pragmatism --
Karl Marx : dialectical materialism --
Nietzsche --
Two twentieth-century metaphysicians : Bergson and Whitehead --
Analytic philosophy --
Existentialism. Book II : philosophical problems. Introducing philosophy : the Socratic method. The problem of definition : a model of the Socratic method / Plato --
The problem of clarification : the Socratic method as a sustained argument / Plato --
The problem of intellectual and moral consistency : the Socratic method regarding obedience to law / Plato --
The nature of knowledge : how do we know? The beginnings of knowledge / Bertrand Russell --
The ascent to true knowledge / Plato --
Certainty and the limits of doubt / Rene Descartes --
The origin of all our ideas in experience / John Locke --
Empiricism and the limits of knowledge / David Hume --
How knowledge is possible / Immanuel Kant --
Pragmatism and the enterprise of knowing : pragmatism's notion of truth / William James. Atoms versus ideas : what is there? Matter and space / Lucretius and Eddington --
Consciousness, not matter, the true reality / George Berkeley --
Concerning the existence of God : can we prove that God exists? The ontological argument / Anselm --
Proving God's existence from experience / Thomas Aquinas --
Rejecting the proof from design / Paley and Hume --
God and the problem of evil / John H. Hick --
Theories of ethics : how should we behave? Basing ethics on human nature / Aristotle --
Love of God as the highest good / Augustine --
The categorical imperative / Immanuel Kant --
The utilitarian calculus of pain and pleasure / John Stuart Mill --
Turning values upside down / Friedrich Nietzsche --
Is there a characteristically feminine voice defining morality? / Carol Gilligan --
Is there a universal standard for ethics? / W.T. Stace --
Concerning the freedom of the will : are we really able to choose? How can we explain judgments of regret? / William James --
Human beings as controlled puppets : free will and psychoanalysis / John Hospers --
Is determinism compatible with freedom of the will? / W.T. Stace --
The freedom of the will / John Searle. Political philosophy : why should we obey? The natural basis of society / Aristotle --
The political consequence of biological difference / Beauvoir, Plato, Trebilcot --
The moral dimensions of law / Thomas Aquinas --
The basis of sovereign authority / Thomas Hobbes --
Natural rights and civil society / John Locke --
The individual and the limits of government / John Stuart Mill --
The clash of class interests / Karl Marx --
Justice as fairness / John Rawls --
Discovering human nnture : mind and body : what am I? The distinction between mind and body / Rene Descartes --
Descartes' myth / Gilbert Ryle --
The mind-body problem : a contemporary view / John Searle --
Do minds survive after death? / Plato, Russell, and Perry --
The question of human destiny : does life have a meaning? The inevitability of the question "What is the aim of life?" / Leo Tolstoy --
An ethical-religious view of life / David F. Swenson --
The absence of a larger design or destiny / A.J. Ayer --The human condition / Jean-Paul Sartre --
Glossary of key concepts.
Responsibility: Samuel Enoch Stumpf.
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