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The philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Author: Antonie Vos
Publisher: Edinburgh : Edinburgh Univ. Press, 2008.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Transferred to digital printView all editions and formats

This book provides a formidable yet comprehensive overview of the life and works of this Scottish-born medieval philosopher theologian.


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Named Person: Johannes Duns Scotus
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Antonie Vos
ISBN: 0748624627 9780748624621
OCLC Number: 553395767
Description: XII, 654 Seiten ; 24 cm
Contents: INDEX; FOREWORD; INTRODUCTION; 1. Introduction; 2. Philosophy versus theology; 3. The duality of a history of what is a-historical; 4. Later medieval versus early modern centuries; 5. The topicality of philosophical legacies; 6. Overview; I; LIFE I. DUNS AND OXFORD; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 A Scottish boy; 1.3 Student of divinity at Oxford; 1.4 A senior theological student; 1.5 Bachelor of divinity; 1.6 Lectura I-II; 1.7 Baccalaureus biblicus and baccalaureus formatus; 1.8 Oxford and Paris; II; LIFE II.; PARIS, OXFORD, CAMBRIDGE, AND COLOGNE; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 At Paris I: 1301-1303; 2.3 Oxford: again at home and baccalaureus sententiarius at Cambridge; 2.4 At Paris II: baccalaureus 1304-1306; 2.5 At last: magister at Paris; 2.6 A problem historical interlude; 2.7 Professor at Paris (1306-1307) and Cologne (1307-1308); 2.8 Epilogue; III; TWO CRITICAL TEXT REVOLUTIONS; 3.1 The fate of an oeuvre; 3.2 From the history of Duns Scotus' oeuvre; 3.3 The first revolution in textual criticism: the spurious works; 3.4 The second revolution in textual criticism during the 1920s; 3.5 Tragedy and perspective; 3.6 The authentic works; 3.7 The moral; IV; LOGIC MATTERS; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 The significance of John Duns' logical writings; 4.3 The subject-matter of logic; 4.4 Meaning; 4.5 The problem of meaning and the problem of knowledge; 4.6 Concept; 4.7 Proposition; 4.8 Negation; 4.9 Truth; 4.10 Logical impossibility and logical possibility; 4.11 Elements of the theory of relation; 4.12 The impact of John Duns' early development; V; ARS OBLIGATORIA; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 The identity of the textbook on the ars obligatoria referred to by Duns; 5.3 The identity of the magister artis obligatoriae in Lectura I 39,59; 5.4 Sherwood's Obligationes and Duns' Lectura; 5.5 Impossibilis positio; 5.6 Consequentia naturalis and consequentia innaturalis; 5.7 Perspective; VI; CONCEPTUAL DEVICES; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 In sensu composito and in sensu diviso; 6.3 Ante and post; 6.4 The nature of 'nature': prioritas natura (structural priority); 6.5 Instantia (structural moments); 6.6 Real and rational relations and identity; 6.7 The formal distinction; 6.8 A little epilogue; VII; ONTOLOGY; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 The subject-matter of ontology; 7.3 The ontology of contingency; 7.4 The neutral proposition; 7.5 Essence and existence; 7.6 Real and rationa relations; 7.7 Universals; 7.8 Conceptual univocity; 7.9 Transcendent terms; VIII; EPISTEMOLOGY; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Methodological parsimony: the razor Scoti; 8.3 The theoretical background of Lectura I 3,172-181; 8.4 Deductive knowledge; 8.5 Experiential and inductive knowledge; 8.6 Knowledge of personal acts; 8.7 Intuitive knowledge; 8.8 Memory; 8.9 The perspective of an epistemological revolution; IX; ARGUMENT, PROOF AND SCIENCE; 9.1 Introduction; 9.2 Kinds of arguments; 9.4 Theory of science; 9.5 The dilemma of provability; 9.6 Gilson on Duns Scotus' theory of proof; 9.7 Conclusion; X; PHYSICS; 10.1 Introduction; 10.2 Matter; 10.3 Unity; 10.4 The plurality of forms; 10.5 Accidents; 10.6 Astronomical themes; 10.7 Theology and the scientific revolution; XI; INDIVIDUALITY, INDIVIDUALS, WILL AND FREEDOM; 11.1 Introduction; 11.2 The matter theory of individuality; 11.3 A nominalist theory of individuality; 11.4 Individuality; 11.5 Will; 11.6 Paris versus Oxford?; 11.7 Freewill and freedom; 11.8 Perspective; XII; ETHICAL STRUCTURES AND ISSUES; 12.1 Introduction; 12.2 Duns' ethical paradox; 12.3 Scotian ethical language; 12.4 Ethical structures; 12.5 Love of God and love of neighbor; 12.6 Slavery; 12.7 The Quintonian and Harrisian fallacies; 12.8 Ethical revocation; 12.9 The structure of the ethics of virtue; 12.10 The unity of virtue; 12.11 Perspective; XIII; THE PHILOSOPHICAL THEORY OF GOD; 13.1 Introduction; 13.2 The existence of God; 13.3 God's knowledge; 13.4 The contingent nature of God's immutable and perfect knowledge; 13.5 God's will; 13.6 Perspective; XIV; JOHN DUNS, ARISTOTLE AND PHILOSOPHY; 14.1 Introduction; 14.2 The 'philosophers' and philosophy; 14.3 Henry of Ghent/Duns Scotus versus Aristotle/Avicenna; 14.4 Lectura I 8: the 'philosophical' way of ideas; 14.5 Theologia against the philosophers; 14.6 Proof theoretical comments; 14.7 'Theology' and 'philosophy'; 14.8 An auctoritates culture; 14.9 The perspective of a dilemma; XV; IDEA HISTORICAL DILEMMAS CONCERNING DUNS SCOTUS' THOUGHT; 15.1 Introduction; 15.2 The dilemma of modern studies in the history of medieval philosophy; 15.3 The rebound of the 'historiens croyants'; 15.4 Etienne Henri Gilson (1884-1978); 15.5 Lambertus Marie de Rijk (* 1924); 15.6 On the paradox of Western philosophy; XVI; PHILOSOPHY IN A NEW KEY - EXTRAPOLATIONS AND PERSPECTIVES; 16.1 Introduction; 16.2 The dilemma of the history of medieval philosophy; 16.3 Some characteristics of Duns Scotus' oeuvre; 16.4 The philosophical dilemma of two philosophies: immutability in a new key; 16.5 The depth structure of Duns Scotus' way of thinking; 16.6 Logic and semantics; 16.7 Knowledge and proof; 16.8 The ontology of reality; 16.9 An ethics of dignity and love; 16.10 God; 16.11 A perspective: philosophia christiana; ABBREVIATIONS; Reference devices; BIBLIOGRAPHY; OPERA OMNIA; CRITICAL EDITIONS; BIBLIOGRAPHIES; STUDIA SCOTISTICA; LATIN; BIBLIOGRAPHY.
Responsibility: Antonie Vos.


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This book contains a valuable analysis of the role of the conceptions of necessity and contingency in Scotus's philosophical theology, a detailed account of the actualist concept of contingency, Read more...

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