Phylogenetics : Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics. (eBook, 2011) []
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Phylogenetics : Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics.

Author: Wiley, E.O.; Bruce S Lieberman
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell 2011.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats

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Genre/Form: Electronic resource
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Wiley, E.O.; Bruce S Lieberman
OCLC Number: 741259265
Description: 1 online resource (300)
Contents: Cover13; --
Contents --
Preface To The Second Edition --
Preface To The First Edition --
1: Introduction --
Phylogenetic Propositions --
Topics Covered --
Terms And Concepts --
Disciplines --
Organisms and Grouping of Organisms --
Phylogenetic History and Evolution --
Attributes of Organisms --
Classification --
Philosophy And Systematics --
The Form of Phylogenetic Hypotheses --
Chapter Summary --
2: Species And Speciation --
What Is It To Be A Species? --
Species As Kinds --
Species As Sets --
Species As Individuals --
Species Concepts --
Process-Based Concepts --
The Evolutionary Species Concept --
Process-Based Concepts Emphasizing Reproductive Isolation --
Phylogenetic Species Concepts --
Some Additional Species Concepts --
Sorting Through Species Concepts --
Speciation: Modes And Patterns --
Allopartic Speciation --
Parapatric Speciation --
Sympatric Speciation --
Identifying Modes Of Speciation In The Fossil Record --
The Evolutionary Species Concept, Speciation, And Ecology --
Empirical Methods For Determining Species Limits --
Nontree-Based Methods --
Tree-Based Methods --
Chapter Summary --
3: Supraspecific Taxa --
Concepts Of Naturalness And Supraspecific Taxa --
The Natural Taxon --
Monophyly, Paraphyly And Polyphyly --
HennigS Concepts Placed In History --
Natural Higher Taxa As Monophyletic Groups Sensu Hennig (1966) --
Logical Consistency: The Hallmark Of Proposed Natural Classifications --
Paraphyletic Groups Misrepresent Character Evolution --
Paraphyly And Polyphyly: Two Forms Of Nonmonophyly --
Node-Based And Stem-Based Monophyly: Same Concept Different Graphs --
Chapter Summary --
4: Tree Graphs --
Phylogenetic Trees --
Stem-Based Phylogenetic Trees --
Node-Based Phylogenetic Trees --
Cyclic Graphs --
Cladograms --
Nelson Trees in Phylogenetics --
From Nelson Trees to Phylogenetic Trees --
Gene Trees --
Individuals Versus Sets Of Individuals Used In An Analysis --
Representing Character Evolution On Trees --
Unrooted Trees And Their Relationship To Phylogenetic Trees --
Node Rotation --
Other Kinds Of Tree Terminology --
Concepts Of Monophyly And Trees --
Chapter Summary --
5: Characters And Homology --
A Concept Of Character --
Character States As Properties --
Shared Character States --
Historical Character States As Properties --
Ahistorical Kind Properties --
Historical Groups And Natural Kinds --
Homology --
Haszprunars Homology Synthesis --
Concepts of Homology in Systematics --
Phylogenetic Characters and Phylogenetic Homology: An Overview --
Taxic Homologies As Properties of Monophyletic Groups --
Transformational Homology: Linking Different Hypotheses of Qualitative Identity in a Transformation Series --
Discovering And Testing Homology --
Pattersons Tests --
Similarity and Remanes Criteria --
Conjunction --
Phylogenetic Homology (Forging Congruence Between Hennigs and Pattersons Views) --
Avoiding Circularity: How Congruence Works --
Working With Characters &


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