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Phylogenies in ecology : a guide to concepts and methods

Author: Marc William Cadotte; T Jonathan Davies
Publisher: Princeton : Princeton University Press, [2016]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Phylogenies in Ecology is the first book to critically review the application of phylogenetic methods in ecology, and it serves as a primer to working ecologists and students of ecology wishing to understand these methods. This book demonstrates how phylogenetic information is transforming ecology by offering fresh ways to estimate the similarities and differences among species, and by providing deeper,  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Marc William Cadotte; T Jonathan Davies
ISBN: 9780691157689 0691157685
OCLC Number: 1048822095
Description: x, 252 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Contents: An Entangled Bank: Evolutionary Relationships and Ecological Patterns --
Systematics and the Diversity of Life --
The Origins --
"Correcting" Ecological Comparisons --
The Emergence of Ecophylogenetics --
The Goal of This Book --
Building and Using Phylogenies --
Handling Phylogenies in R --
Building Trees --
Finding and Adapting Available Trees --
Tree Scaling and Rate Smoothing --
Conclusion --
Phylogenetic Patterns within Communities: Inferring Mechanisms of Ecological Assembly Using Phylogenetic Distances --
Phylogenetic Distances and Community Assembly --
Calculating Community Diversity Metrics --
Note about Phylodiversity Measures --
Moving from the Causes to the Consequences of Diversity --
Conclusion --
Randomizations, Null Distributions, and Hypothesis Testing --
Brief History of Randomization Tests in Ecology (or the Simberloffian Shift in Ecology) --
How to Build Null Communities --
Randomizing Phylogenetic Data --
Taking the Pool Seriously --
Conclusion --
Detecting Patterns of Trait Evolution --
Phylogenetic Signal --
Alternative Models of Trait Evolution --
Reconstructing Ancestral States --
Conclusion --
The Geography of Speciation and Character Displacement --
Character Divergence and Geographic Overlap --
Community-Wide Trait Dispersion --
Conclusion --
Phylogenetic Diversity across Space and Time --
Phylobetadiversity: Measuring Phylogenetic Turnover --
Influence of Spatial Scale on Phylogenetic Patterns --
Conclusion --
Speciation, Extinction, and the Distribution of Phylogenetic Diversity --
Conservation of the Tree of Life --
Macroevolution: Diversification --
Conclusion --
Using Phylogenetic Information to Make Better Conservation Decisions --
Why Preserve Evolutionary History? --
Quantifying Evolutionary History --
Prioritizing Species Based on Evolutionary Distinctiveness --
Prioritizing Hotspots of Evolutionary Distinctiveness --
Applying Conservation Metrics --
Conclusion: Where To From Here? --
Predicting Ecology from Evolutionary Patterns --
Combining Trait and Phylogenetic Information --
Phylogenetic Insights into a Changing World --
Where To Go from Here? --
Heralding the Ecology-Evolution Synthesis?
Responsibility: Marc W. Cadotte and T. Jonathan Davies

Abstract:

Phylogenies in Ecology is the first book to critically review the application of phylogenetic methods in ecology, and it serves as a primer to working ecologists and students of ecology wishing to understand these methods. This book demonstrates how phylogenetic information is transforming ecology by offering fresh ways to estimate the similarities and differences among species, and by providing deeper, evolutionary-based insights on species distributions, coexistence, and niche partitioning. Marc Cadotte and Jonathan Davies examine this emerging area's explosive growth, allowing for this new body of hypotheses testing. Cadotte and Davies systematically look at all the main areas of current ecophylogenetic methodology, testing, and inference. Each chapter of their book covers a unique topic, emphasizes key assumptions, and introduces the appropriate statistical methods and null models required for testing phylogenetically informed hypotheses. The applications presented throughout are supported and connected by examples relying on real-world data that have been analyzed using the open-source programming language, R. Showing how phylogenetic methods are shedding light on fundamental ecological questions related to species coexistence, conservation, and global change, Phylogenies in Ecology will interest anyone who thinks that evolution might be important in their data."

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