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Phymatolithon (Melobesioideae, Hapalidiales) in the Boreal--Subarctic Transition Zone of the North Atlantic : a correlation of plastid DNA markers with morpho-anatomy, ecology, and biogeography Preview this item
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Phymatolithon (Melobesioideae, Hapalidiales) in the Boreal--Subarctic Transition Zone of the North Atlantic : a correlation of plastid DNA markers with morpho-anatomy, ecology, and biogeography

Author: Walter H Adey; Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press,
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, 2018. ©2018
Series: Smithsonian contributions to the marine sciences, no. 41.
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Species of the coralline algal genus Phymatolithon are the dominant algal calcifiers in the rocky intertidal and photic sublittoral zone of the Subarctic-Boreal transition that stretches across the North Atlantic from the Gulf of Maine and the southern Canadian Maritimes to southwestern Iceland and the Norwegian outer Coast. In this paper, we use extensive field and laboratory data on the biology, physiology, and  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Adey, Walter H.
Phymatolithon (Melobesioideae, Hapalidiales) in the Boreal--Subarctic Transition Zone of the North Atlantic
(OCoLC)1035015168
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Walter H Adey; Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press,
OCLC Number: 1019834360
Notes: Print format not distributed to depository libraries.
Description: 90 pages : illustrations (some color), color maps ; 28 cm
Series Title: Smithsonian contributions to the marine sciences, no. 41.
Other Titles: Correlation of plastid DNA markers with morpho-anatomy, ecology, and biogeography
Responsibility: Walter H. Adey [and four others].

Abstract:

Species of the coralline algal genus Phymatolithon are the dominant algal calcifiers in the rocky intertidal and photic sublittoral zone of the Subarctic-Boreal transition that stretches across the North Atlantic from the Gulf of Maine and the southern Canadian Maritimes to southwestern Iceland and the Norwegian outer Coast. In this paper, we use extensive field and laboratory data on the biology, physiology, and ecology of Phymatolithon species, supported by statistical analysis and DNA sequence data, to develop a multiscale view of this key genus of the ecosystems of this region. We demonstrate that species of Phymatolithon that occur in the Boreal-Subarctic transition zone in the North Atlantic can be segregated systematically by a statistical/developmental analysis of their morpho-anatomical characters. We show these results to be congruent with DNA sequence based methods. Six species are recognized: P. laevigatum, P. rugulosum (P. lamii), P. squamulosum (P. lenormandii), P. investiens, P. borealis sp. nov. (P.polymorphum) and P. nantuckensis sp. nov.). Based upon paraffin section, compound microscope and EDS-SEM analysis, we show that coralline anatomy comprises a diversity of both tissue types and high magnesium carbonate wall structure. Variation in vegetative tissue morphology, particularly with respect to cell division and elongation patterns, as well as variation in conceptacle (reproductive structure) location and development are due to a complex of genetic and environmental factors. Some of these factors can be linked to adaptation to environmental and biogeographical niches, providing a basis for experimental analysis of the mechanisms of adaptation.--Provided by publisher.

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