Physical science. (Book, 2017) [WorldCat.org]
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Physical science.

Author: Bill W Tillery; Stephanie J Slater; Timothy F Slater
Publisher: New York, NY : McGraw-Hill Education, [2017]
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Eleventh editionView all editions and formats
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Bill W Tillery; Stephanie J Slater; Timothy F Slater
ISBN: 9780077862626 0077862627 9781259254949 1259254941
OCLC Number: 928137008
Description: xvi, 632 pages, 97 variously numbered pages ; 28 cm
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1. What Is Science? --
1.1. Objects and Properties --
1.2. Quantifying Properties --
1.3. Measurement Systems --
1.4. Standard Units for the Metric System --
Length --
Mass --
Time --
1.5. Metric Prefixes --
1.6. Understandings from Measurements --
Data --
Ratios and Generalizations --
Density Ratio --
Symbols and Equations --
How to Solve Problems --
1.7. Nature of Science --
Scientific Method --
Explanations and Investigations --
Science and Society: Basic and Applied Research --
Laws and Principles --
Models and Theories --
Summary --
People Behind the Science: Florence Bascom (1862-1945) --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
2. Motion --
2.1. Describing Motion --
2.2. Measuring Motion --
Speed --
Velocity --
Acceleration --
Science and Society: Transportation and the Environment --
Forces --
2.3. Horizontal Motion on Land --
2.4. Falling Objects --
Closer Look: A Bicycle Racer's Edge --
Closer Look: Free Fall --
2.5. Compound Motion --
Vertical Projectiles --
Horizontal Projectiles --
2.6. Three Laws of Motion --
Newton's First Law of Motion --
Newton's Second Law of Motion --
Weight and Mass --
Newton's Third Law of Motion --
2.7. Momentum --
Conservation of Momentum --
Impulse --
2.8. Forces and Circular Motion --
2.9. Newton's Law of Gravitation --
Earth Satellites --
Closer Look: Gravity Problems --
Weightlessness --
People Behind the Science: Isaac Newton (1642-1727) --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
3. Energy --
3.1. Work --
Units of Work --
Power --
Closer Look: Simple Machines --
3.2. Motion, Position, and Energy --
Potential Energy --
Kinetic Energy --
3.3. Energy Flow --
Work and Energy --
Energy Forms --
Energy Conversion --
Energy Conservation --
Energy Transfer --
3.4. Energy Sources Today --
Petroleum --
Science and Society: Grow Your Own Fuel? --
Coal --
Moving Water --
People Behind the Science: James Prescott Joule (1818-1889) --
Nuclear --
Conserving Energy --
3.5. Energy Sources Tomorrow --
Solar Technologies --
Geothermal Energy --
Hydrogen --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
4. Heat and Temperature --
4.1. Kinetic Molecular Theory --
Molecules --
Molecules Interact --
Phases of Matter --
Molecules Move --
4.2. Temperature --
Thermometers --
Temperature Scales --
4.3. Heat --
Closer Look: Goose Bumps and Shivering --
Heat as Energy Transfer --
Measures of Heat --
Specific Heat --
Heat Flow --
Science and Society: Require Insulation? --
4.4. Energy, Heat, and Molecular Theory --
Phase Change --
Closer Look: Passive Solar Design --
Evaporation and Condensation --
4.5. Thermodynamics --
First Law of Thermodynamics --
Second Law of Thermodynamics --
Second Law and Natural Processes --
People Behind the Science: Count Rumford (Benjamin Thompson) (1753-1814) --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
5. Wave Motions and Sound --
5.1. Forces and Elastic Materials --
Forces and Vibrations --
Describing Vibrations --
5.2. Waves --
Kinds of Mechanical Waves --
Waves in Air --
5.3. Describing Waves --
5.4. Sound Waves --
Sound Waves in Air and Hearing --
Medium Required --
Closer Look: Hearing Problems --
Velocity of Sound in Air --
Refraction and Reflection --
Interference --
5.5. Energy of Waves --
How Loud Is That Sound? --
Resonance --
5.6. Sources of Sounds --
Vibrating Strings --
Science and Society: Laser Bug --
Sounds from Moving Sources --
People Behind the Science: Johann Christian Doppler (1803-1853) --
Case Study: Doppler Radar --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
6. Electricity --
6.1. Concepts of Electricity --
Electron Theory of Charge --
Measuring Electrical Charges --
Electrostatic Forces --
Force Fields --
Electric Potential --
6.2. Electric Current --
Electric Circuit --
Nature of Current --
Electrical Resistance --
Electrical Power and Electrical Work --
People Behind the Science: Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) --
6.3. Magnetism --
Magnetic Poles --
Magnetic Fields --
Source of Magnetic Fields --
6.4. Electric Currents and Magnetism --
Current Loops --
Applications of Electromagnets --
6.5. Electromagnetic Induction --
Closer Look: Current War --
Generators --
Transformers --
6.6. Circuit Connections --
Voltage Sources in Circuits --
Science and Society: Blackout Reveals Pollution --
Resistances in Circuits --
Closer Look: Solar Cells --
Household Circuits --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
7. Light --
7.1. Sources of Light --
Case Study: Bioluminous --
7.2. Properties of Light --
Light Interacts with Matter --
Reflection --
Refraction --
Dispersion and Color --
Closer Look: Optics --
7.3. Evidence for Waves --
Interference --
Closer Look: The Rainbow --
Polarization --
Closer Look: Optic Fibers --
Closer Look: Lasers --
7.4. Evidence for Particles --
Closer Look: Why Is the Sky Blue? --
Photoelectric Effect --
Quantization of Energy --
7.5. Present Theory --
7.6. Relativity --
Special Relativity --
General Theory --
Relativity Theory Applied --
People Behind the Science: James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
8. Atoms and Periodic Properties --
8.1. Atomic Structure Discovered --
Discovery of the Electron --
Case Study: Discovery of the Electron --
Nucleus --
Case Study: Oil Drop Experiment --
Case Study: Discovery of the Nucleus --
8.2. Bohr Model --
Quantum Concept --
Atomic Spectra --
Bohr's Theory --
8.3. Quantum Mechanics --
Matter Waves --
Wave Mechanics --
Quantum Mechanics Model --
Science and Society: Atomic Research --
8.4. Electron Configuration --
8.5. Periodic Table --
8.6. Metals, Nonmetals, and Semiconductors --
Closer Look: The Rare Earths --
People Behind the Science: Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleyev (1834-1907) --
Closer Look: Semiconductors --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
9. Chemical Bonds --
9.1. Compounds and Chemical Change --
9.2. Valence Electrons and Ions --
9.3. Chemical Bonds --
Ionic Bonds --
Covalent Bonds --
9.4. Bond Polarity --
Case Study: Electronegativity --
9.5. Composition of Compounds --
Ionic Compound Names --
Ionic Compound Formulas --
Science and Society: Microwave Ovens and Molecular Bonds --
Covalent Compound Names --
People Behind the Science: Linus Carl Pauling (1901-1994) --
Covalent Compound Formulas --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
10. Chemical Reactions --
10.1. Chemical Formulas --
Molecular and Formula Weights --
Percent Composition of Compounds --
10.2. Chemical Equations --
Balancing Equations --
Case Study: Conservation of Mass --
Generalizing Equations --
10.3. Types of Chemical Reactions --
Combination Reactions --
Decomposition Reactions --
Replacement Reactions --
Ion Exchange Reactions --
10.4. Information from Chemical Equations --
Units of Measurement used with Equations --
Science and Society: The Catalytic Converter --
Quantitative Uses of Equations --
People Behind the Science: Emma Perry Carr (1880-1972) --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
11. Water and Solutions --
11.1. Household Water --
11.2. Properties of Water --
Structure of Water Molecules --
Science and Society: Who Has the Right? --
Dissolving Process --
Concentration of Solutions --
Closer Look: Decompression Sickness --
Solubility --
Science and Society: What is BPA? --
11.3. Properties of Water Solutions --
Electrolytes --
Boiling Point --
Freezing Point --
11.4. Acids, Bases, and Salts --
Properties of Acids and Bases --
Explaining Acid-Base Properties --
Strong and Weak Acids and Bases --
pH Scale --
Properties of Salts --
Hard and Soft Water --
Closer Look: Acid Rain --
People Behind the Science: Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted (1879-1947) --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
12. Organic Chemistry --
12.1. Organic Compounds --
12.2. Hydrocarbons --
Alkenes and Alkynes --
Cycloalkanes and Aromatic Hydrocarbons --
12.3. Petroleum --
12.4. Hydrocarbon Derivatives --
Alcohols --
Ethers, Aldehydes, and Ketones --
Organic Acids and Esters --
Science and Society: Aspirin, a Common Organic Compound --
12.5. Organic Compounds of Life --
Proteins --
Carbohydrates --
Fats and Oils --
Synthetic Polymers Note continued: Closer Look: How to Sort Plastic Bottles for Recycling --
People Behind the Science: Alfred Bernhard Nobel (1833-1896) --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
13. Nuclear Reactions --
13.1. Natural Radioactivity --
Nuclear Equations --
Nature of the Nucleus --
Types of Radioactive Decay --
Radioactive Decay Series --
13.2. Measurement of Radiation --
Measurement Methods --
Closer Look: How Is Half-Life Determined? --
Radiation Units --
Closer Look: Carbon Dating --
Radiation Exposure --
13.3. Nuclear Energy --
Closer Look: Radiation and Food Preservation --
Closer Look: Nuclear Medicine --
Nuclear Fission --
Nuclear Power Plants --
Closer Look: Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima --
Closer Look: Nuclear Waste --
Nuclear Fusion --
Science and Society: High-Level Nuclear Waste --
People Behind the Science: Marie Curie (1867-1934) --
Source of Nuclear Energy --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
14. Universe --
14.1. Night Sky --
14.2. Stars --
Origin of Stars --
Brightness of Stars --
Star Temperature --
Star Types --
Life of a Star --
Closer Look: Observing with New Technology --
Science and Society: Light Pollution --
14.3. Galaxies --
Closer Look: Extraterrestrials? --
Milky Way Galaxy --
People Behind the Science: Jocelyn (Susan) Bell Burnell (1943-) --
Other Galaxies --
14.4. Universe --
Closer Look: Dark Energy --
Closer Look: Dark Matter --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
15. Solar System --
15.1. Planets, Moons, and Other Bodies --
Mercury --
Venus --
Mars --
Case Study: Worth the Cost? --
Jupiter --
Saturn --
Uranus and Neptune --
15.2. Small Bodies of the Solar System --
Comets --
Asteroids --
Meteors and Meteorites --
15.3. Origin of the Solar System --
Stage A --
Stage B --
Stage C --
15.4. Ideas About the Solar System --
Geocentric Model --
Heliocentric Model --
People Behind the Science: Gerard Peter Kuiper --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
16. Earth in Space --
16.1. Shape and Size of Earth --
16.2. Motions of Earth --
Orbit --
Rotation --
Precession --
16.3. Place and Time --
Identifying Place --
Measuring Time --
Science and Society: Saving Time? --
16.4. Moon --
Composition and Features --
History of the Moon --
16.5. Earth-Moon System --
Phases of the Moon --
Eclipses of the Sun and Moon --
Tides --
People Behind the Science: Carl Edward Sagan --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
17. Rocks and Minerals --
17.1. Solid Earth Materials --
17.2. Minerals --
Crystal Structures --
Silicates and Nonsilicates --
Physical Properties of Minerals --
17.3. Mineral-Forming Processes --
17.4. Rocks --
Igneous Rocks --
Science and Society: Costs of Mining Mineral Resources --
Sedimentary Rocks --
Closer Look: Asbestos --
Metamorphic Rocks --
Science and Society: Using Mineral Resources --
People Behind the Science: Victor Moritz Goldschmidt --
17.5. Rock Cycle --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
18. Plate Tectonics --
18.1. History of Earth's Interior --
18.2. Earth's Internal Structure --
Body Waves --
Surface Waves --
Crust --
Mantle --
Core --
More Detailed Structure --
Closer Look: Seismic Tomography --
18.3. Theory of Plate Tectonics --
Evidence from Earth's Magnetic Field --
Evidence from the Ocean --
Lithosphere Plates and Boundaries --
Closer Look: Measuring Plate Movement --
Present-Day Understandings --
People Behind the Science: Harry Hammond Hess --
Science and Society: Geothermal Energy --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
19. Building Earth's Surface --
19.1. Interpreting Earth's Surface --
19.2. Earth's Changing Features --
Stress and Strain --
Folding --
Faulting --
19.3. Earthquakes --
Causes of Earthquakes --
Locating and Measuring Earthquakes --
Measuring Earthquake Strength --
Closer Look: Earthquake Safety --
19.4. Origin of Mountains --
Folded and Faulted Mountains --
Volcanic Mountains --
Closer Look: Volcanoes Change the World --
People Behind the Science: James Hutton --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
20. Shaping Earth's Surface --
20.1. Weathering, Erosion, and Transportation --
20.2. Weathering --
20.3. Soils --
20.4. Erosion --
Mass Movement --
Running Water --
Glaciers --
Wind --
Science and Society: Acid Rain --
People Behind the Science: John Wesley Powell --
20.5. Development of Landscapes --
Rock Structure --
Weathering and Erosion Processes --
Stage of Development --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
21. Geologic Time --
21.1. Fossils --
Early Ideas About Fossils --
Types of Fossilization --
21.2. Reading Rocks --
Arranging Events in Order --
Correlation --
21.3. Geologic Time --
Early Attempts at Earth Dating --
Modern Techniques --
Geologic Time Scale --
Geologic Periods and Typical Fossils --
Mass Extinctions --
People Behind the Science: Eduard Suess --
Interpreting Geologic History-A Summary --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
22. Atmosphere of Earth --
22.1. Atmosphere --
Composition of the Atmosphere --
Atmospheric Pressure --
Warming the Atmosphere --
Closer Look: Hole in the Ozone Layer? --
Structure of the Atmosphere --
22.2. Winds --
Local Wind Patterns --
Closer Look: The Windchill Factor --
Science and Society: Use Wind Energy? --
Global Wind Patterns --
22.3. Water and the Atmosphere --
Evaporation and Condensation --
Fog and Clouds --
People Behind the Science: James Ephraim Lovelock --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
23. Weather and Climate --
23.1. Clouds and Precipitation --
Cloud-Forming Processes --
Origin of Precipitation --
23.2. Weather Producers --
Air Masses --
Weather Fronts --
Science and Society: Urban Heat Islands --
Waves and Cyclones --
Major Storms --
23.3. Weather Forecasting --
Climate --
Major Climate Groups --
Regional Climate Influence --
Describing Climates --
23.4. Climate Change --
Causes of Global Climate Change --
Case Study: Proxy Data --
Global Warming --
People Behind the Science: Vilhelm Firman Koren Bjerknes --
Case Study: El Niño --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises --
24. Earth's Waters --
24.1. Water on Earth --
Freshwater --
Science and Society: Water Quality --
Surface Water --
Groundwater --
Freshwater as a Resource --
Closer Look: Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment --
24.2. Seawater --
Oceans and Seas --
Nature of Seawater --
Movement of Seawater --
Closer Look: Estuary Pollution --
Closer Look: Rogue Waves --
People Behind the Science: Rachel Louise Carson --
24.3. Ocean Floor --
Summary --
Key Terms --
Applying the Concepts --
Questions for Thought --
For Further Analysis --
Invitation to Inquiry --
Parallel Exercises.
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