Piper : a model genus for studies of phytochemistry, ecology, and evolution (Book, 2004) [WorldCat.org]
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Piper : a model genus for studies of phytochemistry, ecology, and evolution

Piper : a model genus for studies of phytochemistry, ecology, and evolution

Author: Lee A Dyer; Aparna D N Palmer
Publisher: New York : Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, ©2004.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats

Focusing more on its natural setting, this volume addresses the applied techniques of studying Piper. It synthesizes data and provides an outline for investigations of the chemistry, ecology, and  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Lee A Dyer; Aparna D N Palmer
ISBN: 0306484986 9780306484988
OCLC Number: 469443213
Notes: Bibliogr. en fin de chapitres. Index.
Description: XIII-214 p. : illustrations ; 26 cm
Contents: 1. Introduction.- 2. Mutualism, Antiherbivore Defense, and Trophic Cascades: Piper Ant-Plants as a Mesocosm for Experimentation.- 2.1. Introduction.- 2.2. Study Sites.- 2.3. Plants.- 2.4. Herbivores.- 2.5. Ant Mutualists.- 2.6. Top Predators.- 2.7. Other Endophytic Arthropods, Nematodes, and Annelids.- 2.8. Mutualism Experiments.- 2.8.1. Evidence for Nutrient Procurement by Pheidole bicornis Plant-Ants.- 2.8.2. Evidence for Defense against Folivores by Pheidole bicornis Plant-Ants.- 2.8.3. Evidence for Higher Fitness in Establishing Fragments via Defense against Folivores.- 2.8.4. Evidence for Additional Plant Fitness Advantages Afforded by Ph. Bicornis Plant-Ants.- 2.9. Tritrophic Interactions and Antiherbivore Defense.- 2.10. Trophic Cascades.- 2.10.1. Experimental Test I: Do Trophic Cascades Operate on the Four Trophic Level System Associated with P. cenocladum Ant-Plants?.- 2.10.2. Experimental Test II: Can Top-Down and Bottom-Up Forces Affect Animal Diversity in the Endophytic Community of P. Cenocladum Ant-Plants?.- 2.10.3. Experimental Test III: Can Indirect Effects of Top Predators Extend to Other Plants in the Understory Community of Piper Ant-Plants?.- 2.11. Conclusions.- 2.12. Acknowledgments.- 3. Pollination Ecology and Resource Partitioning in Neotropical Pipers.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Pollination and Resource Partitioning in Piper.- 3.2.1. Study Site and Species of the Brazilian Study.- 3.2.2. Habit and Habitat Utilization.- 3.2.3. Vegetative Reproduction.- 3.2.4. Reproductive Phenology.- 3.2.5. Pollination and Visitors.- 3.3. Conclusions: Pollination and Resource Partitioning of Pipers in Light of Evolutionary and Conservative Ecology.- 3.4. Guidelines for Future Research on the Pollination of Pipers.- 3.5. Acknowledgments.- 4. Dispersal Ecology of Neotropical Piper Shrubs and Treelets.- 4.1. Introduction.- 4.2. The Piper Bats.- 4.3. Piper Fruiting Phenology and Dispersal Ecology.- 4.3.1. Fruiting Phenology.- 4.3.2. Patterns of Seed Dispersal.- 4.3.3. Fates of Seeds.- 4.3.4. Postdispersal Distribution Patterns.- 4.4. Coevolutionary Aspects of Bat-Piper Interactions.- 4.5. Conclusions.- 4.6. Acknowledgments.- 5. Biogeography of Neotropical Piper.- 5.1. Introduction.- 5.2. Methods.- 5.3. Results.- 5.3.1. Biogeographic Affinities and Regional Species Pools.- 5.3.2. Correlates of Local Species Richness.- 5.3.3. Variation in Growth Form and Habitat Affinity.- 5.4. Discussion.- 5.5. Acknowledgments.- 6. Faunal Studies in Model Piper spp. Systems, with a Focus on Spider-Induced Indirect Interactions and Novel Insect-Piper Mutualisms.- 6.1. Introduction.- 6.2. The Case of Piper obliquum.- 6.3. The Case of Piper urostachyum.- 6.3.1. Plant Characteristics that Encourage Mutualism.- 6.3.2. Resident Arthropods.- 6.3.2a. Herbivores.- 6.3.2b. Mutualist predators.- 6.3.2c. Parasites of the mutualism?.- 6.3.2d. Top predators.- 6.3.3. Possible Mutualisms and the Effects of Spiders.- 6.4. Summary and Conclusions.- 6.5. Acknowledgments.- 7. Isolation, Synthesis, and Evolutionary Ecology of Piper Amides.- 7.1. Introduction to Piper Chemistry.- 7.2. Isolation and Quantification of Piper Amides.- 7.3. Synthesis of Piper Amides and Their Analogs.- 7.4. Ecology of Piper Chemistry.- 7.5. Evolution of Piper Chemistry.- 7.6. Applied Piper Chemistry.- 7.7. Future Research on Piper Chemistry.- 7.8. Acknowledgments.- 8. Kava (Piper methysticum): Growth in Tissue Culture and In Vitro Production of Kavapyrones.- 8.1. Introduction.- 8.2. Origins of Kava Use and Discovery by Western Cultures.- 8.3. Description of Kava (Piper methysticum) and Its Growth for Use in Kava Production.- 8.4. Active Phytochemicals Present in Kava Extracts.- 8.5. Issues Regarding the Potential Hepatotoxicity of Kava Extracts.- 8.6. Significance of Tissue Culture Growth in Kava Production and Phytochemical Research.- 8.7. Establishment of Kava Cell Cultures and the Determination of In Vitro Kavapyrone Production.- 8.8. Regeneration of Viable Kava Plants from Kava Cell Cultures.- 8.9. Summary and Perspective.- 9. Phylogenetic Patterns, Evolutionary Trends, and the Origin of Ant-Plant Associations in Piper Section Macrostachys: Burger's Hypotheses Revisited.- 9.1. Introduction.- 9.2. Taxonomic History of Piper sect. Macrostachys (MIQ.) C.DC..- 9.3. Natural History of Piper sect. Macrostachys.- 9.4. Phylogenetic Relationships in Piper sect. Macrostachys.- 9.5. Burger's Hypotheses Revisited.- 9.5.1. Systematic Relationships.- 9.5.2. Evolutionary Trends.- 9.6. Ant-Plant Associations in Piper sect. Macrostachys.- 9.6.1. Origins and Evolutionary Trends.- 9.6.2. Evolution of the Mutualism.- 9.6.2a. Obligate associations and hollow stems.- 9.6.2b. Petiolar domatia and facultative associations.- 9.6.2c. Pearl Bodies.- 9.6.2d. Origin of ant-associated plant structures.- 9.7. Conclusions.- Appendix 9.1.- 10. Current Perspectives on the Classification and Phylogenetics of the Genus Piper L..- 10.1. Introduction.- 10.2. Classification.- 10.2.1. Getting Cluttered.- 10.2.2. Getting Articulated.- 10.3. Phylogeny.- 10.3.1. Phylogenetic Relationships of the Piperales: A Test of Piper's Monophyly.- 10.3.2. Infrageneric Relationships of Piper.- 10.3.2a. Neotropical Taxa.- 10.3.2b. South Pacific and Asian taxa.- 10.4. Evolutionary Aspects.- 10.4.1. Flower Morphology.- 10.4.2. Plant Architecture.- 10.5. Acknowledgments.- Appendix 10.1.- 11. Future Research in Piper Biology.- 11.1. Introduction.- 11.2. Plant-Animal Interactions.- 11.3. Abiotic Factors.- 11.4. Geographical Distribution.- 11.5. Summary.
Responsibility: ed ; by Lee A. Dyer and Aparna D.N. Palmer.
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From the reviews:"This slim volume approaches comparative biology from a perspective rarely seen in book-length treatments. ... The book's premise is that species-rich lineages such as Piper are Read more...

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