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Plaz Stože, njegove posledice in možnosti sanacije
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Plaz Stože, njegove posledice in možnosti sanacije

Author: Bojan Majes
Edition/Format:   Article : Slovenian
Publication:Zbornik referatov, Str. 137-147
Summary:
Pod Stožami se je novembra 2000 sprožil v dveh dnevih plaz, ki je kot murasti tok prizadel 4 km oddaljen Log pod Mangartom. Primanjkljaj 1.000.000 m3 mas na nadmorski višini med 1400 in 1600 m je pretežno odložen na nadmorski višini630 m. Posledice plazu, ki je po dimenzijah - premaknjene mase na več kot 25 ha in odložene na več kot 15 ha - eden največjih v Sloveniji dosedaj, so katastrofalne. Življenje
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Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: Bojan Majes
ISBN: 9619070984
OCLC Number: 452474930
In: Strokovni posvet Geotehnika pri gradnji prometnic (2001 : Gornja Radgona
Description: Str. 137-147 : Ilustr., graf. prikazi.
Responsibility: Bojan Majes.

Abstract:

Pod Stožami se je novembra 2000 sprožil v dveh dnevih plaz, ki je kot murasti tok prizadel 4 km oddaljen Log pod Mangartom. Primanjkljaj 1.000.000 m3 mas na nadmorski višini med 1400 in 1600 m je pretežno odložen na nadmorski višini630 m. Posledice plazu, ki je po dimenzijah - premaknjene mase na več kot 25 ha in odložene na več kot 15 ha - eden največjih v Sloveniji dosedaj, so katastrofalne. Življenje je izgubilo 7 ljudi, porušeno je 6 stanovanjskih in gospodarskih objektov in boplj ali manj poškodovanih še 23 objektov v Glorenjem Logu. S porušitvijo 2 mostov je bila prekinjena cestna povezava med Bovcem in Predelom, ki je vitalnega pomena za to področje. Zasuta in delno uničena je bila cesta na Mangart, večja škoda pa je bila storjena tudi na energetskih objektih. Direktna škoda je bila ocenjena na skoraj 2 milijardi tolarjev. Na osnovi dosedaj izvedenih raziskav je ocenjeno, da je na plazišču še približno 3 milijone mas, potencialno nevarnih za nastanek novih plazov. Kakšna bo sanacija posledic in kakšni ukrepi bodo izvedljivi za zagotovitev varne vrnitve Ložanov na domove, zavisijo od rezultatov raziskav na plazišču. Na podlagi razpoložljivih podatkov se število možnih sanacij plazu oži, še več, pridobljeni rezultati kažejo, da plazu na pobočju pod Stožami verjetno nebo možno sanirati v običajnem geotehničnem smuslu, pač pa bo možno z določenimi ukrepi zmanjšati nevarnost nastanka ponovne podobne katastrofe.

In two days of November 2000 a large landslide was triggered under Stože, which hit the village Log pod Mangartom 4 km away as debris flow. The deficit of 1.000.000 m3 of masses at the altitude between 1400 and 1600 m is mainly deposited at the altitude of 630 m. The consequences of the landslide, which is, according to its dimensions (displaced masses from over 25 hectares are deposited at more than 15 hectares) one of the largest landslides in Slovenia in history, are catastrophic. 7 people lost their lives, 6 residential and farm buildings were destroyed, and another 23 buildings in the village of Gornji Log were more or less damaged. With 2 bridges ruined, the road connection between Bovec and Predel, which is of vital importance for this area, was cut off. The road to Mangart was partially or fully buried beneath the earth or destroyed, and there was also a considerable damage on the power supply objects. The direct damage was estimated to almost 2 bilion Tolars. Based on the tests carried out so far it has beenestimated that there are still approximately 3 million m3 of masses on the area of the landslide, whichpresent a potential danger for new landslides. The removal of the consequences and the measures necessary to ensure safe return of the villagers to their homes depend on the results of the site investigations carried out at the landslide area. Based on presently available data we can state that the number of feasible corrective measures diminishes. Moreover, first results of geotechnical investgations show that the remediation in common geotechnical sence is not possible. Certain measures can, however, be taken to reduce the probability of another similar catastrophy.

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