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Polar Hayes : the life and contributions of Isaac Israel Hayes, M.D.

Author: Douglas W Wamsley
Publisher: Philadelphia : American Philosophical Society, 2009.
Series: Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, v. 262.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Biography : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"In the mid-nineteenth century as an ambitious young country expanded its horizons westward, Dr. Isaac Israel Hayes, a young physician from an Orthodox Quaker family in the rural farmland of Pennsylvania, turned his eyes to the North. As a member of the harrowing American arctic expedition under the command of Dr. Elisha Kent Kane in search of the lost British explorer Sir John Franklin, Hayes became obsessed with
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Details

Genre/Form: Biography
Biographies
Biographie
biografi
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Wamsley, Douglas W., 1958-
Polar Hayes.
Philadelphia : American Philosophical Society, 2009
(OCoLC)653372224
Named Person: I I Hayes; I I Hayes; I I Hayes; Isaac I Hayes; Isaac I Hayes
Material Type: Biography
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Douglas W Wamsley
ISBN: 9780871692627 0871692627
OCLC Number: 277472350
Description: xiv, 574 pages, 1 unnumbered leaf of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 25 cm.
Contents: Quaker Roots --
Westtown Years --
A Medical Career --
The Northwest Passage --
An Arctic Patron --
"The Great Expedition of the Times" --
First Winter --
Seeds of Dissension --
Withdrawal --
"The Experience of the Natives Is the Surest Guide" --
An Arctic Boat Journey --
Retreat --
Home Again --
Thoughts to the North --
Trying Times --
A Hasty Departure --
Serious Setbacks --
"Find a Way or Make One" --
Satterlee Hospital (Part I) --Satterlee Hospital (Part II) --
Postwar Years --
The Land of Desolation (Part I) --
The Land of Desolation (Part II) --
The Fight for the North Pole --
Knickerbocker --
Iceland and Its Millennium --
The American Route to the Pole --
Fighting Tammany Hall --
More Politics and More Criticisms --
A Seasoned Legislator --
A Lamentable End.
Series Title: Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, v. 262.
Responsibility: Douglas W. Wamsley.

Abstract:

"In the mid-nineteenth century as an ambitious young country expanded its horizons westward, Dr. Isaac Israel Hayes, a young physician from an Orthodox Quaker family in the rural farmland of Pennsylvania, turned his eyes to the North. As a member of the harrowing American arctic expedition under the command of Dr. Elisha Kent Kane in search of the lost British explorer Sir John Franklin, Hayes became obsessed with making his own mark in the far northern polar regions. Overcoming tremendous apathy, he organized his own privately funded voyage to the Arctic in 1860, during which he claimed to have reached a 'farthest north' and to have stood on the edge of the fabled "Open Polar Sea," a mythical ice-free zone in the high northern latitudes.

But Dr. Hayes was much more than a mere participant in the history of Arctic discovery during its 'heroic' age. Hayes stood at the forefront of American and European Arctic efforts, among other things, initiating the modern race for the North Pole and the crossing of the Greenland ice-cap, as well as contributing meaningfully to the literature of the polar regions. He successfully influenced the course of Arctic discovery. During the U.S. Civil War and as an elected politician in New York State during its Gilded Age, Hayes served the 'public good' for a decade, with accomplishments as far reaching as his Arctic service, but little recognized during his lifetime.

Polar Hayes brings to light the complete story of an immensely talented individual who occupied a central position in the cause of Arctic discovery and exploration, and also as a man of public service. Drawing upon Hayes family papers, little-viewed diaries from Hayes's own expeditions, and unpublished primary sources, the story emerges of a remarkable but forgotten explorer, writer, politician and humanitarian who epitomized the rugged and restless spirit of adventure and individualism of nineteenth-century America."--Pub. desc.

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\n\n

Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/277472350<\/a>> # Polar Hayes : the life and contributions of Isaac Israel Hayes, M.D.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Book<\/a>, schema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"277472350<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Place\/philadelphia<\/a>> ; # Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/pau<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Place\/arktis<\/a>> ; # Arktis<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Place\/united_states<\/a>> ; # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1240227<\/a>> ; # Arctic Regions.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Place\/arctic_regions<\/a>> ; # Arctic Regions.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/upptacktsresande_1800_talet<\/a>> ; # Uppt\u00E4cktsresande--1800-talet<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/explorers_biography_united_states<\/a>> ; # Explorers--Biography--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/physicians_biography_united_states<\/a>> ; # Physicians--Biography--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/hayes_i_i_1832_1881<\/a>> ; # Hayes, I.I. 1832-1881<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/polarexpeditioner_historia<\/a>> ; # Polarexpeditioner--historia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/physicians<\/a>> ; # Physicians<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/explorers<\/a>> ; # Explorers<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/explorers_united_states<\/a>> ; # Explorers--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1204155<\/a>> ; # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Person\/hayes_i_i_isaac_israel_1832_1881<\/a>> ; # Isaac Israel Hayes<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/history_19th_century<\/a>> ; # History, 19th Century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/74_28_geography_of_the_polar_regions<\/a>> ; # 74.28 geography of the polar regions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/expeditions_history<\/a>> ; # Expeditions--history<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Person\/hayes_isaac_i_1832_1881<\/a>> ; # Isaac I. Hayes<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Person\/hayes_isaac_i<\/a>> ; # Isaac I. Hayes<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/geschichte_1853_1855<\/a>> ; # Geschichte--1853-1855<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/910.92\/e22\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/88215892<\/a>> ; # Isaac Israel Hayes<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/discoveries_in_geography<\/a>> ; # Discoveries in geography<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/arctic_regions_discovery_and_exploration<\/a>> ; # Arctic regions--Discovery and exploration<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/physicians_united_states<\/a>> ; # Physicians--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/249887149<\/a>> ; # Douglas W. Wamsley<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2009<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"\"In the mid-nineteenth century as an ambitious young country expanded its horizons westward, Dr. Isaac Israel Hayes, a young physician from an Orthodox Quaker family in the rural farmland of Pennsylvania, turned his eyes to the North. As a member of the harrowing American arctic expedition under the command of Dr. Elisha Kent Kane in search of the lost British explorer Sir John Franklin, Hayes became obsessed with making his own mark in the far northern polar regions. Overcoming tremendous apathy, he organized his own privately funded voyage to the Arctic in 1860, during which he claimed to have reached a \'farthest north\' and to have stood on the edge of the fabled \"Open Polar Sea,\" a mythical ice-free zone in the high northern latitudes.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Polar Hayes brings to light the complete story of an immensely talented individual who occupied a central position in the cause of Arctic discovery and exploration, and also as a man of public service. Drawing upon Hayes family papers, little-viewed diaries from Hayes\'s own expeditions, and unpublished primary sources, the story emerges of a remarkable but forgotten explorer, writer, politician and humanitarian who epitomized the rugged and restless spirit of adventure and individualism of nineteenth-century America.\"--Pub. desc.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"But Dr. Hayes was much more than a mere participant in the history of Arctic discovery during its \'heroic\' age. Hayes stood at the forefront of American and European Arctic efforts, among other things, initiating the modern race for the North Pole and the crossing of the Greenland ice-cap, as well as contributing meaningfully to the literature of the polar regions. He successfully influenced the course of Arctic discovery. During the U.S. Civil War and as an elected politician in New York State during its Gilded Age, Hayes served the \'public good\' for a decade, with accomplishments as far reaching as his Arctic service, but little recognized during his lifetime.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Quaker Roots -- Westtown Years -- A Medical Career -- The Northwest Passage -- An Arctic Patron -- \"The Great Expedition of the Times\" -- First Winter -- Seeds of Dissension -- Withdrawal -- \"The Experience of the Natives Is the Surest Guide\" -- An Arctic Boat Journey -- Retreat -- Home Again -- Thoughts to the North -- Trying Times -- A Hasty Departure -- Serious Setbacks -- \"Find a Way or Make One\" -- Satterlee Hospital (Part I) --Satterlee Hospital (Part II) -- Postwar Years -- The Land of Desolation (Part I) -- The Land of Desolation (Part II) -- The Fight for the North Pole -- Knickerbocker -- Iceland and Its Millennium -- The American Route to the Pole -- Fighting Tammany Hall -- More Politics and More Criticisms -- A Seasoned Legislator -- A Lamentable End.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/795484381<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Biographie<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Biographies<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Biography<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/issn\/0065-9738<\/a>> ; # Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society held at Philadelphia for promoting useful knowledge,<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Series\/memoirs_of_the_american_philosophical_society<\/a>> ; # Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/653372224<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Polar Hayes : the life and contributions of Isaac Israel Hayes, M.D.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"277472350<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/277472350#PublicationEvent\/philadelphia_american_philosophical_society_2009<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Agent\/american_philosophical_society<\/a>> ; # American Philosophical Society<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780871692627<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/277472350<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/910.92\/e22\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Agent\/american_philosophical_society<\/a>> # American Philosophical Society<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"American Philosophical Society<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Person\/hayes_i_i_isaac_israel_1832_1881<\/a>> # Isaac Israel Hayes<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1832<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:deathDate<\/a> \"1881<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Hayes<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Isaac Israel<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"I. I.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Isaac Israel Hayes<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Person\/hayes_isaac_i<\/a>> # Isaac I. Hayes<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Hayes<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Isaac I.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Isaac I. Hayes<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Person\/hayes_isaac_i_1832_1881<\/a>> # Isaac I. Hayes<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1832<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:deathDate<\/a> \"1881<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Hayes<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Isaac I.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Isaac I. Hayes<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Place\/arctic_regions<\/a>> # Arctic Regions.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Arctic Regions.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Arctic regions<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Place\/arktis<\/a>> # Arktis<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Arktis<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Place\/philadelphia<\/a>> # Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Philadelphia<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Place\/united_states<\/a>> # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"United States.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Series\/memoirs_of_the_american_philosophical_society<\/a>> # Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society ;<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/277472350<\/a>> ; # Polar Hayes : the life and contributions of Isaac Israel Hayes, M.D.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society ;<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/74_28_geography_of_the_polar_regions<\/a>> # 74.28 geography of the polar regions<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"74.28 geography of the polar regions<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/arctic_regions_discovery_and_exploration<\/a>> # Arctic regions--Discovery and exploration<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Arctic regions--Discovery and exploration<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/discoveries_in_geography<\/a>> # Discoveries in geography<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Discoveries in geography<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/expeditions_history<\/a>> # Expeditions--history<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Expeditions--history<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/explorers<\/a>> # Explorers<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Explorers<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/explorers_biography_united_states<\/a>> # Explorers--Biography--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Explorers--Biography--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/explorers_united_states<\/a>> # Explorers--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:seeAlso<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008103446<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Explorers--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/geschichte_1853_1855<\/a>> # Geschichte--1853-1855<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Geschichte--1853-1855<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/hayes_i_i_1832_1881<\/a>> # Hayes, I.I. 1832-1881<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Hayes, I.I. 1832-1881<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/history_19th_century<\/a>> # History, 19th Century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"History, 19th Century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/physicians<\/a>> # Physicians<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Physicians<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/physicians_biography_united_states<\/a>> # Physicians--Biography--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Physicians--Biography--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/physicians_united_states<\/a>> # Physicians--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:seeAlso<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008109218<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Physicians--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/polarexpeditioner_historia<\/a>> # Polarexpeditioner--historia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Polarexpeditioner--historia<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Topic\/upptacktsresande_1800_talet<\/a>> # Uppt\u00E4cktsresande--1800-talet<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Uppt\u00E4cktsresande--1800-talet<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/pau<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"pau<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1204155<\/a>> # United States.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"United States.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.worldcat.org\/fast\/1240227<\/a>> # Arctic Regions.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Arctic Regions.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/249887149<\/a>> # Douglas W. Wamsley<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1958<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Wamsley<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Douglas W.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Douglas W. Wamsley<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/88215892<\/a>> # Isaac Israel Hayes<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1832<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:deathDate<\/a> \"1881<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Hayes<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Isaac Israel<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"I. I.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Isaac Israel Hayes<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780871692627<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0871692627<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780871692627<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/issn\/0065-9738<\/a>> # Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society held at Philadelphia for promoting useful knowledge,<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/277472350<\/a>> ; # Polar Hayes : the life and contributions of Isaac Israel Hayes, M.D.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:issn<\/a> \"0065-9738<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society held at Philadelphia for promoting useful knowledge,<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/653372224<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:label<\/a> \"Polar Hayes.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Online version:<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/277472350<\/a>> ; # Polar Hayes : the life and contributions of Isaac Israel Hayes, M.D.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/277472350<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/277472350<\/a>> ; # Polar Hayes : the life and contributions of Isaac Israel Hayes, M.D.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-04-06<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/277472350#PublicationEvent\/philadelphia_american_philosophical_society_2009<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Place\/philadelphia<\/a>> ; # Philadelphia<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/795484381#Agent\/american_philosophical_society<\/a>> ; # American Philosophical Society<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:startDate<\/a> \"2009<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n