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Ponudba dela in odločanje o zaposlovanju na kmečkih gospodarstvih v Sloveniji = Labour supply and employment decisions on agricultural households in Slovenia
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Ponudba dela in odločanje o zaposlovanju na kmečkih gospodarstvih v Sloveniji = Labour supply and employment decisions on agricultural households in Slovenia

Author: Luka Juvančič
Edition/Format:   Article : Slovenian
Publication:Zbornik Biotehniške fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani. Kmetijstvo. Zootehnika. Agricultural issue. Zootechnica, Letn. 80, št. 2 (2002), str. 129-145
Summary:
V prispevku skušamo z uporabo modela kmečkih gospodarstev kvantificirati vpliv dejavnikov, na odločanje o zaposlitvi na kmečkih gospodarstvih v Sloveniji. V raziskavi smo uporabili izvorne podatke o kmečkih gospodarstvih iz popisa kmetijstva 2000, pri čemer se omejujemo na zaposlitveno odločanje nosilcev kmečkih gospodarstev in njihovih partnerjev. Rezultati modela potrjujejo dejstvo, da je vložek dela na
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Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: Luka Juvančič
ISSN:1408-3434
OCLC Number: 454836924
Description: str. 129-145.
Other Titles: Labour supply and employment decisions on agricultural households in Slovenia
Responsibility: Luka Juvančič.

Abstract:

V prispevku skušamo z uporabo modela kmečkih gospodarstev kvantificirati vpliv dejavnikov, na odločanje o zaposlitvi na kmečkih gospodarstvih v Sloveniji. V raziskavi smo uporabili izvorne podatke o kmečkih gospodarstvih iz popisa kmetijstva 2000, pri čemer se omejujemo na zaposlitveno odločanje nosilcev kmečkih gospodarstev in njihovih partnerjev. Rezultati modela potrjujejo dejstvo, da je vložek dela na kmečkih gospodarstvih v pretežni meri sestavljen iz dela oseb, ki jim kmetijstvo predstavlja dopolnilni vir zaposlitve, in oseb, ki presegajo upokojitveno starost. Zaposlitvene odlocitve referenčnih oseb so najpogosteje povezane z zaposlitvijo izven kmetije. V večini primerov je zaradi omejene ekonomske velikosti mogoča zaposlitev največ ene osebe na kmetiji. V večini primerov so to nosilci kmetij. Njihov status zaposlitve je odvisen od značilnosti kmečkega gospodarstva in posameznikovih individualnih značilnosti. Ugodne razmere na trgu dela ('demand-pull' dejavniki) zvišujejo verjetnost nekmetijske zaposlitve. Zaposlitvene alternative njihovih partnerjev (in verjetno tudi drugih članov gospodinjstva) so v večini primerov zožene na različne vrste nekmetijskih zaposlitev. Verjetnost njihove zaposlitve na kmetiji narašča z ekonomsko velikostjo in morebitnim obstojem dopolnilne dejavnosti na kmečkem gospodarstvu. Prispevek zaključujemo z diskusijo o agrarnopolitičnem pomenu rezultatov. Agrarnopolitične cilje, ki se nanašajo na trg dela v kmetijstvu, primerjamo z rezultati raziskave in na njihovi osnovi utemeljujemo potrebo po bolj ciljno usmerjenih ukrepih kmetijske politike ne tem področju.

The paper attempts to quantify determinants influencing labour allocation decisions on agricultural households in Slovenia by application of an agricultural household model. The analysis investigates employment decisions of farm holders and their spouses, using the Census of Agriculture 2000 dataset. Results reveal that bulk of the farm labour input is performed by thework on a part-time basis, or by the work of household members surpassing active employment age. Employment decisions of the reference persons are most frequently linked with off-farm employment. Limited production capacities of farm holdings allow for full-time employment of one person at the most, on-farm employment being usually attributed to the farm holders. Holders' employment status is primarily dependent on farm characteristics, own human capital, and personal preferences. Favourable conditions at the non-farm labour markets ('demand-pull' determinants) tend to increase probability of off-farm employment. Employment decisions of the partners (and presumably other household members) are in most cases narrowed to the choice between various alternatives of off-farm employment. On-farm employment prospects increase with the economic size of agricultural holding and eventual existence of a supplementary activity on the farm. The paper concludes by summarising main results and discussing their policy implications. Discussion confronts various policy objectives linked with agricultural employment and rural labour markets and calls for more elaborate set of measures to tackle them.

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