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Poverty and discrimination

Author: Kevin Lang
Publisher: Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, ©2007.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Many ideas about poverty and discrimination are nothing more than politically driven assertions unsupported by evidence. And even politically neutral studies that do try to assess evidence are often simply unreliable. In Poverty and Discrimination, economist Kevin Lang cuts through the vast literature on poverty and discrimination to determine what we actually know and how we know it.
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Lang, Kevin.
Poverty and discrimination.
Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, ©2007
(OCoLC)647563268
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Kevin Lang
ISBN: 9780691119540 0691119546
OCLC Number: 70176902
Awards: Runner-up for AAP/Professional and Scholarly Publishing Awards: Sociology and Social Work 2007
Description: xiii, 407 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
Contents: ch. 1. Introduction --
1. The content of this book --
2. Recent developments in the study of poverty and discrimination --
3. The object of this book --
4. Why do policy analysts disagree? : the limits of statistical arguments --
5. Why do policy analysts disagree? : the role of values --
6. A case study : retention in grade --
7. Concluding remarks --
8. Further reading --
9. Questions for discussion --
10. Appendix : a quick guide to statistics. pt. 1. Poverty --
ch. 2. Who is poor? --
1. Evidence on the importance of relative income --
2. How the government measures poverty --
3. Valuing nonmonetary income --
4. Over what time period should we measure poverty? --
5. Other problems with the official measure --
6. The National Academy of Sciences report --
7. Gathering the data --
8. Who is poor (by the official measure)? --
9. Extreme poverty --
10. Homelessness --
11. Hunger and food insecurity --
12. Alternative measures of poverty --
13. The dynamics of poverty --
14. Why does poverty last so long for some people? --
15. Concluding remarks --
16. Further reading --
17. Questions for discussion --
18. Appendix : a brief note on data --
ch. 3. The evolution of poverty policy --
1. Federal poverty programs, 1970-2000 --
2. Incentives under AFDC --
3. The Earned Income Tax Credit --
4. Cash or in-kind transfer : which is better? --
5. Concluding remarks --
6. Further reading --
7. Questions for Discussion --
ch. 4. Trends in poverty --
1. Trends using the official measure --
2. Trends in poverty under alternate measures --
3. Accounting for trends --
4. Concluding remarks --
5. Further reading --
6. Questions for discussion --
7. Appendix : multivariate analysis --
ch. 5. Labor market policies --
1. Understanding wage inequality --
2. Minimum wage laws --
3. Living wage laws --
4. Job training programs --
5. Can job training programs reduce poverty? --
6. Evaluating the JTPA --
7. Evaluating the Job Corps and other youth programs --
8. Training programs and tagging --
9. Welfare to Work : work first --
10. Employer-based subsidies --
11. Concluding remarks --
12. Further reading --
13. Questions for discussion --
14. Appendix : adjusting for program nonparticipation --
ch. 6. Family composition --
1. Births to single mothers --
2. Declining marriage --
3. Changing social attitudes --
4. The role of welfare --
5. Features of welfare --
6. Teenage childbearing --
7. Effects of growing up with a single parent --
8. Intergenerational transmission of poverty --
9. Policies aimed at infants and toddlers --
10. Preschool programs --
11. Programs for school-age children --
12. Medicaid and SCHIP --
13. Concluding remarks --
14. Further reading --
15. Questions for discussion --
ch. 7. Concentrated poverty --
1. Life in high-poverty neighborhoods --
2. Do neighborhoods matter? --
3. The Gautreaux Program --
4. Moving to opportunity --
5. Public housing --
6. Gangs --
7. Community development --
8. Concluding remarks --
9. Further reading --
10. Questions for discussion --
ch. 8. Education and education reform --
1. Education and earnings --
2. Testing --
3. Decentralization and school quality --
4. Using tests to increase school and district accountability --
5. Concluding remarks --
6. Further reading --
7. Questions for discussion --
ch. 9. Welfare reform --
1. The case for reform --
2. The Welfare Reform Act of 1996 --
3. Assessing the effects of welfare reform --
4. Effect on welfare receipt --
5. Welfare reform and well-being --
6. Living arrangements --
7. Effects on children and adolescents --
8. Concluding thoughts --
9. Further reading --
10. Questions for discussion. pt. 2. Discrimination --
ch. 10. Discrimination : theory --
1. What is discrimination? --
2. Theories of discrimination : prejudice --
3. Prejudice in imperfect labor markets --
4. Transaction costs models --
5. Statistical discrimination --
6. Self-confirming expectations --
7. Concluding remarks --
8. Further reading --
9. Questions for discussion --
ch. 11. Race discrimination in the labor market --
1. Trends in black-white earnings differentials --
2. Explaining the decline in the wage gap --
3. Evidence on current discrimination --
4. Testing for discrimination : legal perspectives --
5. Affirmative action in employment --
6. Affirmative action in public employment --
7. Concluding remarks --
8. Further reading --
9. Questions for discussion --
ch. 12. Race discrimination and education --
1. The black-white test score gap --
2. Discrimination in education --
3. Affirmative action in education --
4. Concluding remarks --
5. Further reading --
6. Questions for discussion --
ch. 13. Race discrimination in customer markets and the judicial system --
1. Housing --
2. Discrimination in other markets --
3. Discrimination in the justice system --
4. Concluding remarks --
5. Further reading --
6. Questions for discussion --
ch. 14. Sex discrimination --
1. Theory --
2. Is there discrimination against women in the labor market? --
3. Discrimination, marriage, and children --
4. Sexual orientation --
5. Trends in the female/male wage ratio --
6. Comparable worth --
7. Concluding remarks --
8. Further reading --
9. Questions for discussion --
ch. 15. Conclusion : an agenda to decrease poverty and discrimination? --
1. The value and limits of research --
2. The value and limits of a strong labor market --
3. Family and early childhood programs --
4. Education --
5. Addressing the needs of high-poverty neighborhoods --
6. Race discrimination and inequality --
7. Addressing inequality --
8. Health care --
9. Concluding remarks.
Responsibility: Kevin Lang.
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Abstract:

Evaluates how well antipoverty and antidiscrimination policies and programs have worked - and whether they have sometimes actually made the problems worse. This book provides insights about the  Read more...

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Honorable Mention for the 2007 Best Professional/Scholarly Book in Sociology and Social Work, Association of American Publishers "This volume could be usefully employed as a textbook in upper-level Read more...

 
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    schema:description "pt. 2. Discrimination -- ch. 10. Discrimination : theory -- 1. What is discrimination? -- 2. Theories of discrimination : prejudice -- 3. Prejudice in imperfect labor markets -- 4. Transaction costs models -- 5. Statistical discrimination -- 6. Self-confirming expectations -- 7. Concluding remarks -- 8. Further reading -- 9. Questions for discussion -- ch. 11. Race discrimination in the labor market -- 1. Trends in black-white earnings differentials -- 2. Explaining the decline in the wage gap -- 3. Evidence on current discrimination -- 4. Testing for discrimination : legal perspectives -- 5. Affirmative action in employment -- 6. Affirmative action in public employment -- 7. Concluding remarks -- 8. Further reading -- 9. Questions for discussion -- ch. 12. Race discrimination and education -- 1. The black-white test score gap -- 2. Discrimination in education -- 3. Affirmative action in education -- 4. Concluding remarks -- 5. Further reading -- 6. Questions for discussion -- ch. 13. Race discrimination in customer markets and the judicial system -- 1. Housing -- 2. Discrimination in other markets -- 3. Discrimination in the justice system -- 4. Concluding remarks -- 5. Further reading -- 6. Questions for discussion -- ch. 14. Sex discrimination -- 1. Theory -- 2. Is there discrimination against women in the labor market? -- 3. Discrimination, marriage, and children -- 4. Sexual orientation -- 5. Trends in the female/male wage ratio -- 6. Comparable worth -- 7. Concluding remarks -- 8. Further reading -- 9. Questions for discussion -- ch. 15. Conclusion : an agenda to decrease poverty and discrimination? -- 1. The value and limits of research -- 2. The value and limits of a strong labor market -- 3. Family and early childhood programs -- 4. Education -- 5. Addressing the needs of high-poverty neighborhoods -- 6. Race discrimination and inequality -- 7. Addressing inequality -- 8. Health care -- 9. Concluding remarks."@en ;
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