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Poverty, Seasonal Scarcity and Exchange Asymmetries

Author: Dietmar Fehr; Günther Fink; Kelsey Jack
Publisher: Cambridge, MA National Bureau of Economic Research 2019
Series: NBER working paper series, 26357
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
A growing literature associates poverty with biases in decision-making. We investigate this link in a sample of over 3,000 small-scale farmers in Zambia, who participated in a series of experiments involving the opportunity to exchange randomly assigned household items for alternative items of similar value. Analyzing a total of 5,842 trading decisions over a range of household items, we show that exchange  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Dietmar Fehr; Günther Fink; Kelsey Jack
OCLC Number: 1122936133
Description: 1 Online-Ressource.
Series Title: NBER working paper series, 26357
Responsibility: Dietmar Fehr, Günther Fink, Kelsey Jack.

Abstract:

A growing literature associates poverty with biases in decision-making. We investigate this link in a sample of over 3,000 small-scale farmers in Zambia, who participated in a series of experiments involving the opportunity to exchange randomly assigned household items for alternative items of similar value. Analyzing a total of 5,842 trading decisions over a range of household items, we show that exchange asymmetries are sizable and remarkably robust across items and experimental procedures. Using cross sectional, seasonal and randomized variation in financial resource availability, we show that exchange asymmetries decrease in magnitude when subjects are more constrained. Consistent with the interpretation that financial constraints increase decision stakes, we also show that trading probabilities increase when the value of the items involved is exogenously increased.

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