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Practical shape : a theory of practical reasoning

Author: Jonathan Dancy
Publisher: Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : First editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Everyone allows that we can reason to a new belief from beliefs that we already have. Aristotle thought that we could also reason from beliefs to action. Practical Shape: A Theory of Practical Reasoning establishes this possibility of reasoning to action, in a way that allows also for reasoning to intention, hope, fear, and doubt. While many philosophers have found little sense in Aristotle's claim, Dancy offers a  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Dancy, Jonathan.
Practical shape.
Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 2018
(OCoLC)1013826380
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jonathan Dancy
ISBN: 9780192528018 0192528017 9780191843518 0191843512
OCLC Number: 1042074363
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Cover; Practical Shape: A Theory of Practical Reasoning; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Detailed Contents; Acknowledgements; Introduction; 0.1 Practical Reasoning; 0.2 The Title of This Book; 0.3 The Primacy of the Practical; 0.4 Minimalism and Focalism; 0.5 The Structure of This Book; 1: What Is the (Supposed) Problem about Practical Reasoning?; 1.1 Acting in the Light of Reasoning vs Acting for a Reason; 1.2 Two Lines of Attack; 1.3 Aristotle's Picture; 1.4 Can the Conclusion Be an Action?; 1.5 Building Grids; 1.6 Finding a Place for Action; 1.7 Drawing the Conclusion. 1.8 Belief and Action1.9 Inference, Premise, and Conclusion; 1.10 The Grids; 2: How Practical Reasoning Is Possible; 2.1 A Telling Question; 2.2 An Easy Answer; 2.3 What Is Favoured: The Prichard Point; 2.4 Preliminary Conclusion; 2.5 The Favouring Relation: Structure; 2.6 What Does the Favouring?; 2.7 Arguments from Error; 3: The Material Theory of Practical Reasoning; 3.1 Mapping Reasoning; 3.2 Different Forms of Relevance; 3.3 Beyond Favouring (1): Toulmin; 3.4 Beyond Favouring (2): Raz and Exclusionary Reasons; 3.5 Beyond Favouring (3): Enabling/Disabling and Intensifying/Attenuating. 3.6 Pulling These Strands Together3.7 Mapping Reasoning (the Material Theory); 3.8 Building a Practical Shape; 3.9 The Importance of the Order; 4: From the Practical to the Theoretical; 4.1 Formally Valid Deductive Reasoning; 4.2 Non-Formal Theoretical Reasoning; 4.3 Belief and Credence; 4.4 Credence-Changing; 4.5 Beyond Favouring Again; 4.6 Respecting the Distinction between Intensification and Favouring; 4.7 Respecting Complexity; Appendix: Harman's Change in View; 5: Moral Reasoning and the Primacy of the Practical; 5.1 Different Conceptions of Moral Reasoning. 5.2 Reasoning to Moral Belief5.3 Explaining Practical (Including Moral) Favouring; 5.4 Explicitly Moral Reasoning to Action; 5.5 The Primacy of the Practical (1); 5.6 The Primacy of the Practical (2); 5.7 Reasons as Evidence; 5.8 Three Relations; 6: Taking Stock; 6.1 Overview; 6.2 Is Truth a Value?; 6.3 Is Probability a Value?; 6.4 Raz on Appropriateness; 6.5 Focalism; 7: Instrumental and Other: Forms of Reasoning; 7.1 Is All Practical Reasoning Instrumental?; 7.2 Harman on Practical Reasoning; 7.3 Is There a Logic of Practical Reasoning?; 7.4 A Better Approach; 7.5 A Difficulty. 7.6 Another Difficulty about Autobiographical Premises7.7 The Relevance of the Autobiographical; 7.8 Extending the Anscombe-Müller Point; 7.9 Doubting and Hoping; 8: Reasoning to Normative Belief; 8.1 Three Views; 8.2 Raz's First Argument: Failure to Act and Rational Fault; 8.3 Acting for Simple, and for Complex, Reasons; 8.4 Raz's More Recent Argument, against the Simple Account; 8.5 Equipollence; 8.6 Raz's Third Argument: The 'That's it' Clause; 8.7 First-Person and Third-Person Reasoning; 8.8 Counter-Attack; 8.9 Is Belief Action?; 9: Reasoning to Intention.
Responsibility: Jonathan Dancy.

Abstract:

Jonathan Dancy aims to establish the possibility of reasoning to action, by showing how similar it is to reasoning to belief. He offers a general theory of reasoning, which smoothly admits the  Read more...

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