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Principles of rock deformation

Author: Adolphe Nicolas
Publisher: Dordrecht : Reidel, 1987.
Series: Petrology and structural geology.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats

Happily nowadays, many more studies tend to separate and order the significant facts and are carried out with numerical constraints, which although they are approxi mate in nature, limit the range  Read more...


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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Adolphe Nicolas
ISBN: 9027723699 9789027723697
OCLC Number: 797198861
Notes: Tit. orig.: Principes de tectonique.
Description: x, 208 p. : illustrations ; 24 cm
Contents: 1. Introduction.- 2. Strain and Stress.- 2.1. Strain.- 2.1.1. Definitions.- 2.1.2. Finite strain ellipsoid.- 2.1.3. States of strain.- 2.2. Elements of Rheology.- 2.2.1. Experimental deformation.- 2.2.2. Elastic, plastic and viscous deformation.- 2.2.3. Percolation thresholds: the viscous-plastic transition.- 2.3. Stress.- 2.3.1. Stress ellipsoid.- 2.3.2. The Mohr diagram.- 2.4. Progressive Strain.- 2.5. Stress-Strain Relations.- For Further Reading.- 3. Theory of Discontinuous Deformation.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Fracture Modes and Relationship to Stress.- 3.2.1. Experimental deformation.- 3.2.2. The Mohr envelope and Coulomb's criterion.- 3.2.3. Fluid partial pressure and effective pressure.- 3.2.4. Fracturing assisted by fluid pressure.- 3.2.5. Hydraulic fracturing.- 3.3. The Brittle-Ductile Transition.- 3.3.1. The formation of microfractures.- 3.3.2. Role of the fluids-stress corrosion.- 3.3.3. Dilatancy.- For Further Reading.- 4. Mechanisms of Continuous Deformation.- 4.1. Introduction.- 4.2. Plastic Deformation in the Solid State.- 4.2.1. Flow units and mechanisms of deformation.- 4.2.2. Crystal defects.- 4.2.3. Mechanisms and processes of plastic deformation.- 4.3. Fluid Assisted Deformation.- 4.3.1. Pressure-solution.- 4.3.2. Passive rotation.- 4.3.3. Grain boundary sliding and liquefaction.- For Further Reading.- 5. Discontinuous Deformation: Structures, Interpretations.- 5.1. Introduction.- 5.2. Joints.- 5.3. Tension Fractures.- 5.4. Stylolitic Joints.- 5.5. Faults.- 5.5.1. Geometrical analysis of faults and fault systems.- 5.5.2. Internal structures of faults.- 5.5.3. Seismic and aseismic faults.- 5.5.4. Microstructural analysis of displacement.- 5.5.5. Dynamic analysis.- 5.5.6. Complex systems-fault propagation.- For Further Reading.- 6. Structures Caused by Homogeneous Deformation.- 6.1. Introduction.- 6.2. Planar Structures.- 6.2.1. Slaty cleavage and foliation.- 6.2.2. Crenulation cleavage.- 6.2.3. Fracture cleavage.- 6.2.4. Tectonic layering.- 6.2.5. Cleavage, foliation and strain ellipsoid.- 6.2.6. Cleavage, foliation and folds.- 6.3. Lineations.- 6.3.1. Mineral lineations.- 6.3.2. Aggregate lineations.- 6.3.3. Intersection lineations.- 6.3.4. Corrugation lineations.- 6.3.5. Lineations and the strain ellipsoid.- 6.3.6. Lineations and folds.- For Further Reading.- 7. Interpretation of Continuous Homogeneous Deformation Structures.- 7.1. Introduction.- 7.2. Mechanisms Responsible for the Development of Structures.- 7.2.1. Deposition and flow in a fluid.- 7.2.2. Plastic deformation.- 7.2.3. Deformation by pressure-solution.- 7.3. Interpretation of Structure Resulting from Viscous Flow.- 7.4.1. Relation between cleavage-lineation and principal stresses.- 7.4.2. Origin of crenulation cleavage.- 7.4.3. Origin of fracture cleavage.- 7.5. Interpretation of Intracrystalline Plastic Deformation Structures.- 7.5.1. Development of preferred orientations.- 7.5.2. Heterogeneous deformation of crystals.- 7.5.3. Coaxial and non-coaxial deformation.- 7.5.4. Relationships between stresses and preferred orientations.- For Further Reading.- 8. Continuous Heterogeneous Deformation: Typical Structures.- 8.1. Introduction.- 8.2. Microstructures.- 8.2.1. Crystallization in pressure fringes and pressure shadows.- 8.2.2. Minerals with snowball and sigmoidal inclusions.- 8.2.3. Mineral growth in tension fractures.- 8.3. Shear Zone.- 8.3.1. Geometric and kinematic analysis.- 8.3.2. Microstructural analysis.- 8.4. Stretch Structures; Boudinage.- For Further Reading.- 9. Folds.- 9.1. Introduction.- 9.2. Geometrical Analysis of Folds - The Case of an Isolated Surface.- 9.2.1. Morphology of folds.- 9.2.2. Orientation of folds.- 9.2.3. Systems of folds.- 9.3. Folding of an Isolated Bed.- 9.3.1. Parallel folds.- 9.3.2. Similar folds.- 9.4. Folding of a Stratified Sequence.- 9.5. Relationship of Folds to the Strain Axes.- 9.5.1. Relationship between cleavage or foliation and the axial plane.- 9.5.2. Relationships between lineations and fold axes.- 9.6. Superposed Folds.- 9.6.1. Geometrical analysis.- 9.6.2. Continuum in deformation and polyphase deformations.- For Further Reading.- Appendix I. Tensorial Analysis of Strain and Stress.- I.1. Strain.- I.1.1. Tensorial analysis.- I.1.2. Typical strain regimes.- I.2. Stress.- I.2.1. Tensorial analysis.- I.2.2. Typical stress regimes.- I.3. Elastic Deformation.- Appendix II. Measurement of Finite Strain.- II. 1. Introduction.- II.2. Definitions.- II.2.1. Strain of a linear marker.- II.2.2. Strain in simple shear.- II.2.3. Strain ellipsoid.- II.2.4. Strain ellipse.- II.2.5. Mohr circle of strain.- II.3. Determination of the Strain Ellipse.- II.3.1. Measurement of elongation.- II.3.2. Measurement of shear strain.- II.3.3. Deformed elliptical objects.- II.3.4. Variations in the distribution of point markers.- II.4. Determination of the Strain Ellipsoid.- II.4.1. Measurement of ellipses.- II.4.2. Reorientation of plano-linear markers.- II.4.3. Deformation of mineral veins.- II.5. Strain in Simple Shear.- II.5.1. Shear plane/foliation obliquity.- II.5.2. Rotation of planar markers.- II.5.3. Rotation of microstructural markers.- Appendix III. Cyclospherical Projections and Figures.- III.1. Introduction.- III.2. Definitions.- III.3. Representation of Straight Lines and Planes.- III.4. Density Diagrams.- III.5. Analysis of Density Diagrams.- For Further Reading.
Series Title: Petrology and structural geology.
Other Titles: Principes de tectonique
Responsibility: Adolphe Nicolas.


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`The international standing of the author and the clarity of his explanation and illustration make the book a worthwhile addition to libraries worldwide.' Geological Magazine (about the French Read more...

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