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Processes in microbial ecology

Author: David L Kirchman
Publisher: Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : Second editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
Microbial ecology is the study of interactions among microbes in natural environments and their roles in biogeochemical cycles, food web dynamics, and the evolution of life. This book presents the basic principles of microbial ecology using examples from aquatic (freshwater and marine) and terrestrial ecosystems.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version :
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: David L Kirchman
ISBN: 9780192506474 0192506471 9780191831256 0191831255
OCLC Number: 1043555622
Description: 1 online resource : illustrations
Contents: Cover; Processes in Microbial Ecology; Copyright; Preface; Table of Contents; Chapter 1: Introduction; What is a microbe?; Why study microbial ecology?; Microbes cause diseases of macroscopic organisms, including humans; Microbes help to make our food and other useful products; Microbes degrade and detoxify pollutants; Microbes are models for exploring principles in ecology and evolution; Microbes living today are models for early life on Earth and perhaps life on other planets; Microbes mediate biogeochemical processes that affect global climate Microbes are everywhere, doing nearly everythingHow do we study microbes in nature?; Separating microbes by phylogeny: the three domains of life; Separating microbes into functional groups; Autotroph versus heterotroph; Phototroph versus chemotroph; Combining structure and function; Summary; Chapter 2: Elements, biochemicals, and structures of microbes; Elemental composition of microbes; Elemental ratios in biogeochemical cycles and studies; C:N and C:P ratios for microbes; Biochemical composition of microbes; Variation in elemental ratios and biochemical composition Architecture of a microbial cellMembranes of microbes and active transport; Cell walls in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Components of microbial cells as biomarkers; Extracellular structures; Extracellular polymers of microbes; Flagella and cilia; fimbriae and pili; Summary; Chapter 3: The physical-chemical environment of microbes; Some important physical-chemical properties; Water; Temperature; pH; Salt and osmotic balance; Oxygen and redox potential; Light; Pressure; The consequences of being small; Microbial life in natural aquatic habitats; Motility and taxis Submicron- and micron-scale patchiness in aqueous environmentsMicrobial life in soils; Water content of soils; Interactions between temperature and water content in soils; The biofilm environment; Summary; Chapter 4: Community structure of microbes in natural environments; Taxonomy and phylogeny via genes: introduction to 16S rRNA-based methods; The species problem; Terms of diversity; Patterns of diversity; Bacterial communities are diverse but very uneven; Uncultivated bacteria are not the same as easily cultivated bacteria Different bacteria are found in soils, freshwaters, and the oceansA few bacteria are widely distributed; Archaea in non-extreme environments; Ecological processes that assemble microbial communities; Deterministic versus stochastic processes; Everything everywhere?; What controls diversity levels and bacterial community structure?; Oxygen, temperature, salinity, and pH; Moisture and soil microbial communities; Organic material and inorganic nutrients; Predation and viral lysis; Community structure of fungi; Relevance of community structure to understanding processes; Summary
Responsibility: David L. Kirchman.

Abstract:

Microbial ecology is the study of interactions among microbes in natural environments and their roles in biogeochemical cycles, food web dynamics, and the evolution of life. This book presents the  Read more...

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