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Production and reproduction in a planned, industrial city : the working- and lower-class households of Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela

Author: Cathy A Rakowski
Publisher: [East Lansing, MI] : Women in International Development, Michigan State University, ©1984.
Series: Working paper (Michigan State University. Office of Women in International Development), #61.
Edition/Format:   Print book : State or province government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This paper examines the relationship between women's roles and capitalist development through a study of 208 lower-class and working-class households in Ciudad Guayana, and planned industrial city founded in 1961. The study concludes that the process of industrialization and selective investment in the construction of urban infrastructure has led to an exaggeration of women's domestic roles and of the occupational  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Case studies
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Rakowski, Cathy A.
Production and reproduction in a planned, industrial city.
[East Lansing, MI] : Women in International Development, Michigan State University, ©1984
(OCoLC)957069928
Material Type: Government publication, State or province government publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Cathy A Rakowski
OCLC Number: 11889046
Notes: "August 1984."
Description: 30 pages ; 28 cm.
Series Title: Working paper (Michigan State University. Office of Women in International Development), #61.
Responsibility: by Cathy A. Rakowski.

Abstract:

This paper examines the relationship between women's roles and capitalist development through a study of 208 lower-class and working-class households in Ciudad Guayana, and planned industrial city founded in 1961. The study concludes that the process of industrialization and selective investment in the construction of urban infrastructure has led to an exaggeration of women's domestic roles and of the occupational segregation that characterizes women's participation in the labor force throughout Venezuela. Specifically, planners assigned women a supportive role as housewives responsible for the reproduction of male labor power. Bolstered by cultural values and a Civil Code that legally established female subordination to men, the planners set up a structure of opportunities and benefits that reinforced female dependence on men. The primacy of women's domestic roles is reflected in the rate of participation in the labor force, in occupational segregation, in a greater concentration of women in the informal sector, and in female poverty.

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