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Protogaea

Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Freiherr von; Claudine Cohen; Andre Wakefield
Publisher: Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2008.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Protogaea", an ambitious account of terrestrial history, was central to the development of the earth sciences in the eighteenth century and provides key philosophical insights into the unity of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's thought and writings. In the book, Leibniz offers observations about the formation of the Earth, the actions of fire and water, the genesis of rocks and minerals, the origins of salts and springs,  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Electronic book
Early works
History
Early works to 1800
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Freiherr von, 1646-1716.
Protogaea.
Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2008
(DLC) 2007033903
(OCoLC)165478945
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Freiherr von; Claudine Cohen; Andre Wakefield
ISBN: 9780226112978 0226112977 1281959413 9781281959416
OCLC Number: 304563887
Language Note: Text in English and Latin.
Description: 1 online resource (xlii, 173 pages) : illustrations
Contents: Acknowledgments; Introduction; PROTOGAEA; i. Preamble; ii. The first formation of the earth through fire; iii. Different opinions concerning the creation of the globe; iv. Sea salt, fires, and cycles of precipitation; v. The many changes in our globe after its initial creation; vi. What was the source of the water that covered the earth? And where did it go?; vii. Bructerus and the origin of springs; viii. Deposits of metal in the earth and a description of veins; ix. The generation of minerals explained through chemistry; x. Products common to laboratories and mines. Xi. The generation of precious stones, natural and artifi cialxii. Natural sublimations and the preparation of sal ammoniac; xiii. It is through fire that metals appear in their proper forms; xiv. Some bodies owe their form to the movement of waters; xv. Some bodies coalesce in the waters; xvi. Kinds of tuff stone formed by dripping water; xvii. Some things arise from the combined action of heat and water; xviii. Where do the shapes of various fi sh imprinted on slates come from?; xix. Earthquakes, volcanoes, and other things show that there is fire inside our globe. Xx. The forms of fish imprinted on slate come from real fish, and are not games of naturexxi. The different layers of the earth, their locations, and the origin of salts and salt waters; xxii. The origin of mountains and hills explained through waters, winds, and earthquakes; xxiii. Marine shells are found throughout our region and elsewhere; xxiv. The various kinds of shells were not created inside the stone, as is evident from their forms and positions; xxv. The excavated shells and bones of marine animals can be identified as the parts of real animals. Xxvi. In ancient times, nearby seas contained animals and shellfish that are no longer found therexxvii. Glossopetrae, asterias, trochites, etc., are the remains of marine animals, and not games of nature; xxviii. But it is wrong to include the polygonal shapes that can be found in crystals among these; xxix. In which a certain lazy ingenuity, which invents things alien to truth, is rejected; xxx. Where can the Lüneburg glossopetrae be found?; xxxi. Glossopetrae are sharks' teeth; xxxii. The medical use of glossopetrae; xxxiii. Belemnites, osteocolla, shell-filled stones, and fossil ivory. Xxxiv. Bones, jaws, skulls, and teeth found in our regionxxxv. The unicorn's horn, and an enormous animal unearthed in Quedlinburg; xxxvi. Sharzfeld Cave and the bones that have been found in it; xxxvii. The Baumann Cave and its contents; xxxviii. On the nature of amber, especially the kind found in our region; xxxix. Changes wrought by rivers and the vestiges of upheavals in our region; xl. The struggle between sea and land; xli. Sea and marsh once covered Venice and Este; xlii. The marvelous fountains of Modena; xliii. How Modena's fountains are produced.
Other Titles: Protogaea.
Responsibility: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz ; translated & edited by Claudine Cohen & Andre Wakefield.

Abstract:

Presents the English translation of "Protogaea", a central text in natural philosophy and an account of terrestrial history.  Read more...

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"Historically, this is a very influential book that has finally been brought out of obscurity for readers of English. Essential." - Choice "Protogaea gives us a much fuller picture of science and Read more...

 
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