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Rational recovery: alternative to AA for addiction?
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Rational recovery: alternative to AA for addiction?

Author: M Galanter Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York 10016.; S Egelko; H Edwards
Edition/Format: Article Article : English
Publication:The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse, 1993; 19(4): 499-510
Summary:
Rational Recovery (RR) is a new self-help movement for substance abusers, with a cognitive orientation. It has been suggested as an alternative to Alcoholics Anonymous. This study was designed to examine the nature of RR and its impact on those who join. A national sample of 433 substance-abusing people attending 63 established RR groups was evaluated, using codable self-report questionnaires completed at RR  Read more...
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Details

Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: M Galanter Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York 10016.; S Egelko; H Edwards
ISSN:0095-2990
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 116592156
Awards:

Abstract:

Rational Recovery (RR) is a new self-help movement for substance abusers, with a cognitive orientation. It has been suggested as an alternative to Alcoholics Anonymous. This study was designed to examine the nature of RR and its impact on those who join. A national sample of 433 substance-abusing people attending 63 established RR groups was evaluated, using codable self-report questionnaires completed at RR meetings. Members were mostly men with college experience who had previously attended AA. Among recruits who attended their first RR meeting in the last month, 38% were abstinent in the last month. Among members who had joined 3 or more months before, 73% were abstinent in the last month; they had attended an average of 4.1 RR meetings in that month, and carried out exercises at home based on Rational Emotive Therapy. Among those who joined 6 or more months before, 58% reported at least 6 months of abstinence. Among members with a history of heavy cocaine use, the portion reporting abstinence in the last month was not significantly different from those who had never used cocaine. The minority of members who were engaged for 3 months were still drinking, though, and did so on an average of 9.9 days in the last month. RR succeeded in engaging substance abusers and promoting abstinence among many of them while presenting a cognitive orientation that is different from the spiritual one of AA. Its utility in substance abuse treatment warrants further assessment.

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