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The rationality quotient toward a test of rational thinking

Author: Keith E Stanovich; Richard F West; Maggie E Toplak
Publisher: Cambridge, Massachusetts MIT Press 2018.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Why are we surprised when smart people act foolishly? Smart people do foolish things because intelligence is not the same as the capacity for rational thinking. 'The rationality quotient' explains that these two traits, often (and incorrectly) thought of as one, refer to different cognitive functions. The standard IQ test, the authors argue, doesn't measure any of the broad components of rationality -- adaptive  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Keith E Stanovich; Richard F West; Maggie E Toplak
ISBN: 0262535270 9780262535274 0262034840 9780262034845
OCLC Number: 1055290294
Awards: Winner of Winner, 2017 PROSE Awards, Education Theory category 2017
Description: xvii, 459 páginas ilustraciones, gráficas 23 cm
Contents: Preface --
Acknowledgements --
Theoretical underpinnings --
Definitions of rationality in philosophy, cognitive science, and lay discourse --
Rationality, intelligence, and the functional architecture of the mind --
Overcoming miserly processing : detection, override, and mindware --
A framework for the comprehensive assessment of rational thinking (CART) --
The components of rational thought assessed by the CART --
Probabilistic and statistical reasoning --
Scientific reasoning --
Avoidance of miserly information processing : direct tests --
Avoidance of miserly information processing : indirect effects --
Probabilistic numeracy, financial literacy, sensitivity to expected value, and risk knowledge --
Contaminated mindware --
The dispositions and attitudes of rationality --
Comprehensive rational thinking assessment : data and conclusions --
Associations among the subtests : a short-form CART --
Associations among the subtests : the full-form CART --
The CART : context, caveats, and questions --
The social and practical implications of a rational thinking test --
Appendix: Structure and sample items for the subtests and scales of the comprehensive assessment of rational thinking --
References --
Index.
Responsibility: Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West and Maggie E. Toplak.

Abstract:

How to assess critical aspects of cognitive functioning that are not measured by IQ tests: rational thinking skills.  Read more...

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