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Rawls explained : from fairness to utopia

Author: Paul Voice
Publisher: Chicago : Open Court, ©2011.
Series: Ideas explained series, 8.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
We live in a world that is increasingly unjust. In many liberal democratic societies the gap between the best-off and the worst-off grows larger. Other societies pursue economic growth while remaining blind to their citizens' political rights and freedoms. The citizens of some other societies are so bereft of basic resources that they struggle to maintain their human dignity.
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Named Person: John Rawls; John Rawls
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Paul Voice
ISBN: 9780812696806 0812696808
OCLC Number: 466334703
Description: xii, 206 pages ; 23 cm.
Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1. Two Introductory Ideas --
Idea, of Reasonable Hope --
Argument from Imaginative Identification --
2. Analytic of Justice --
Original Position --
Persons --
Moral Personality --
Persons as Rational --
Persons as Reasonable --
Self-Conception --
Persons as Free --
Persons as Equal --
Circumstances Of Choice --
Circumstances of Justice --
Objective Circumstances --
Subjective Circumstances --
Epistemic Constraints --
Veil of Ignorance --
Motivational Constraints --
Mutual Disinterest --
Strains of Commitment --
Method Of Reasoning --
Formal Constraints of Reason --
Maximin Principle --
The Objects Of Deliberation --
Basic Structure --
Primary Goods --
Principles --
Three Main Grounds For The Principles --
Statement Of The Two Principles --
Greatest Equal Liberty Principle --
Difference Principle and The Equal Opportunity Principle --
Ordering Of The Principles --
Utilitarian Alternative --
Four Arguments against Utilitarianism. 3. Practicum of Justice --
Realizing the Principles: The Four-Stage Sequence --
Constitutional Questions --
Problem of Toleration --
Problem of Participation --
Worth of Liberty --
Majority Rule --
Legislative Questions --
Problem of the Social Minimum --
Tendency to Equality --
Self-Respect --
Choice of Economic Regime --
Administrative Questions --
Problem of Civil Disobedience --
4. Theoretical Basis of Justice --
Justification of the Principles --
Reflective Equilibrium[--]narrow And Wide --
Right and the Good --
Thin Theory Of The Good And The Aristotelian Principle --
Priority Of The Right --
Problem of Stability --
5. Objections and Responses --
Libertarian Argument --
Desert --
Self-Ownership --
Private Property --
Response To The Libertarian Argument --
Feminist Argument --
Response To The Feminist Argument --
Communitarian Argument --
Abstracted Self[--]identity And Agency --
Community --
Response To The Communitarian Idea --
For Further Reading on A Theory of Justice. 1. Good in Political Liberalism --
Political Conception of the Good --
Fact Of Pluralism --
Freestanding Views --
Freestanding Views As Political Conceptions --
2. Justification of the Principles Reconsidered --
Political Constructionism --
Objectivity --
Method --
Reasonableness --
Burdens of Judgment --
Reasonable Comprehensive Doctrines --
Overlapping Consensus --
Public Reason --
3. Right and Good Revisited: Stability for the Right Reasons --
4. Objections and Responses --
Do We Need Truth in Politics After All? --
Stability or Justification? --
Response to the Questions about Truth and Justification --
What Kind of Politics Does the Political Allow? --
How Public Is Public Reason? --
Response to Questions about Political Disagreement and Public Reason --
For Further Reading on Political Liberalism --
1. Ideal Theory[--]An Analytic of International Justice --
Justice between Liberal Peoples --
Peoples Not States --
Realistic Utopias Revisited. Law of Peoples for Liberal Societies --
Second Original Position --
Contractors as Representatives --
Second Veil of Ignorance --
Eight Principles --
Problem of Stability and the Idea of Democratic Peace --
Toleration of Nonliberal Peoples --
Decent Peoples --
Third Original Position --
2. Practicum of International Justice --
Nonideal Theory --
Outlaw States And The Right To Wage War --
Burdened Societies And The Problem Of Distributive Justice --
3. Objections and Responses --
Cosmopolitan Argument --
Universalism Objection --
Human Rights Objection --
Distributive Justice Objection --
Cultural Relativist Argument --
Response to the Cosmopolitan Argument and the Cultural Relativist Argument --
For Further Reading on The Law of Peoples.
Series Title: Ideas explained series, 8.
Responsibility: Paul Voice.

Abstract:

We live in a world that is increasingly unjust. In many liberal democratic societies the gap between the best-off and the worst-off grows larger. Other societies pursue economic growth while remaining blind to their citizens' political rights and freedoms. The citizens of some other societies are so bereft of basic resources that they struggle to maintain their human dignity.

In this context Rawls challenges us to see the world through the lens of fairness. Injustice can only be effectively challenged if we can articulate, to ourselves and to others, both why a situation is unjust and how we might move towards justice. Political philosophy at its best offers both an answer to the why of injustice and the how of political and economic change.

This book is divided into three parts corresponding to the three great books that form the core of John Rawls's theory: A Theory of Justice (1971), Political Liberalism (1993), and The Law of Peoples (1999). Rawls Explained sets out Rawls's ideas in the form of a critical exposition that elaborates the central themes and philosophical background of his arguments. Each section of the book ends with a survey of some of the main criticisms of the arguments coupled with Rawls's strongest counterarguments. --Book Jacket.

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