Recent Landform Evolution in the Romanian Carpathians and Pericarpathian Regions (Article, 2012) [WorldCat.org]
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Recent Landform Evolution in the Romanian Carpathians and Pericarpathian Regions
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Recent Landform Evolution in the Romanian Carpathians and Pericarpathian Regions

Author: Dan Bălteanu Affiliation: Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, D. Racoviţa Str. 12, Bucharest, 023993, RomaniaMarta Jurchescu Affiliation: Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, D. Racoviţa Str. 12, Bucharest, 023993, RomaniaVirgil Surdeanu Affiliation: Faculty of Geography, Babeş-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Clinicilor Str. 5-7, Cluj-Napoca, 400006, RomaniaIon Ionita Affiliation: Department of Geography, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi, Carol I Blvd., 20 A, Iasi, 700505, RomaniaCristian Goran Affiliation: “Emil Racoviţă” Institute of Speleology, Romanian Academy, Calea 13 Septembrie Str. 13, Bucharest, 050711, RomaniaAll authors
Edition/Format: Chapter Chapter : English
Summary:
In the Romanian Carpathians, developed on crystalline and volcanic rocks, the main geomorphological processes are rockfalls, debris flows, and topples. In the eastern part of the Eastern Carpathians, built up of Cretaceous and Paleogene flysch, landslides and mudflows are of major significance. High and middle mountain karst features and cave systems are also widespread. In the alpine area of the Southern and  Read more...
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All Authors / Contributors: Dan Bălteanu Affiliation: Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, D. Racoviţa Str. 12, Bucharest, 023993, Romania; Marta Jurchescu Affiliation: Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, D. Racoviţa Str. 12, Bucharest, 023993, Romania; Virgil Surdeanu Affiliation: Faculty of Geography, Babeş-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Clinicilor Str. 5-7, Cluj-Napoca, 400006, Romania; Ion Ionita Affiliation: Department of Geography, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi, Carol I Blvd., 20 A, Iasi, 700505, Romania; Cristian Goran Affiliation: “Emil Racoviţă” Institute of Speleology, Romanian Academy, Calea 13 Septembrie Str. 13, Bucharest, 050711, Romania; Petru Urdea Affiliation: Department of Geography, Faculty of Chemistry, Biology and Geography, West University of Timişoara, Pestalozzi Blvd. 16, Timişoara, 300115, Romania; Maria Rădoane Affiliation: Faculty of History and Geography, “Ştefan cel Mare” University of Suceava, Universitatii Str., 13, Suceava, 722029, Romania; Nicolae Rădoane Affiliation: Faculty of History and Geography, “Ştefan cel Mare” University of Suceava, Universitatii Str., 13, Suceava, 722029, Romania; Mihaela Sima Affiliation: Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, D. Racoviţa Str. 12, Bucharest, 023993, Romania
ISBN: 978-94-007-2447-1 978-94-007-2448-8
Publication:Lóczy, Dénes, loczyd@gamma.ttk.pte.hu, , Department of Environmental Geography an, University of Pécs, Ifjusag utja 6, Pécs, 7624, Hungary; Recent Landform Evolution : The Carpatho-Balkan-Dinaric Region; 249-286; Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 5661043798
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Abstract:

In the Romanian Carpathians, developed on crystalline and volcanic rocks, the main geomorphological processes are rockfalls, debris flows, and topples. In the eastern part of the Eastern Carpathians, built up of Cretaceous and Paleogene flysch, landslides and mudflows are of major significance. High and middle mountain karst features and cave systems are also widespread. In the alpine area of the Southern and Eastern Carpathians, avalanches are common on the steep slopes of glacial cirques and valleys. Landslides also develop on high quarry slopes, waste dumps and tailing dams characteristic of the mining sites of the Apuseni Mountains. High discharges along the Carpathian rivers cause intense erosion and the undercutting of slopes, favoring landslides and flooding. Although in fluvial erosion channel incision is predominant (for half of all river sections studied), riverbed aggradation is also observed locally. On the agricultural lands of the Subcarpathians and in the Transylvanian Depression slopes are degraded by sheet and gully erosion, landslides, and mudflows. On the Moldavian Plateau soil erosion, gullying, and landslides are major exogenous geomorphic processes. The country-wide spatial distribution of these geomorphological hazards has been evaluated by several authors (e.g., Geografia României I. 1983; Bălteanu 1997).

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