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The reconstruction of nations : Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999

Author: Timothy Snyder
Publisher: New Haven : Yale University Press, ©2003.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"In this pioneering book, Timothy Snyder traces the emergence of Polish, Ukrainian, Lithuanian, and Belarusian nationhood from the creation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1569 to the enlargement of NATO in 1999. He provides original explanations for the atrocities of the twentieth century and the first scholarly account of the Ukrainian-Polish ethnic cleansings of the 1940s. Yet he begins with the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Timothy Snyder
ISBN: 0300095694 9780300095692 030010586X 9780300105865
OCLC Number: 49712162
Description: xv, 367 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Contents: pt. 1. The contested Lithuanian-Belarusian fatherland. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1569-1863) --
Lithuania! My fatherland! (1863-1914) --
The First World War and the Wilno question (1914-1939) --
The Second World War and the Vilnius question (1939-1945) --
Epilogue : Soviet Lithuanian Vilnius (1945-1991) --
pt. 2. The embattled Ukrainian borderland. Early modern Ukraine (1569-1914) --
Galicia and Volhynia at the margin (1914-1939) --
The ethnic cleansing of Western Ukraine (1939-1945) --
The ethnic cleansing of Southeastern Poland (1945-1947) --
Epilogue : Communism and cleansed memories (1947-1981) --
pt. 3. The reconstructed Polish homeland. Patriotic oppositions and state interests (1945-1989) --
The normative nation-state (1989-1991) --
European standards and Polish interests (1992-1993) --
Envoi : returns to Europe.
Responsibility: Timothy Snyder.
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Abstract:

In this study, Timothy Snyder traces the emergence of Polish, Ukrainian, Lithuanian and Belarusian nationhood over four centuries. He discusses various atrocities and examines Poland's successful  Read more...

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"This book is a work of profound scholarship and considerable importance. It represents a highly original approach to a neglected area of Europe - but also has wider implications for all those Read more...

 
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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/49712162<\/a>> # The reconstruction of nations : Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a>, schema:Book<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"49712162<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/new_haven<\/a>> ; # New Haven<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/ctu<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/bielorussie<\/a>> ; # Bi\u00E9lorussie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/pologne<\/a>> ; # Pologne<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Topic\/natievorming<\/a>> ; # Natievorming<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/osteuropa<\/a>> ; # Osteuropa<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/europe_eastern<\/a>> ; # Europe, Eastern<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/litauen<\/a>> ; # Litauen<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/eastern_europe<\/a>> ; # Eastern Europe.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Topic\/nationenbildung<\/a>> ; # Nationenbildung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/weissrussland<\/a>> ; # Wei\u00DFrussland<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/lituanie<\/a>> ; # Lituanie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Topic\/nationalbewusstsein<\/a>> ; # Nationalbewusstsein<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Event\/1900_1999<\/a>> ; # 1900-1999<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Topic\/nationale_identiteit<\/a>> ; # Nationale identiteit<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/europe_de_l_est<\/a>> ; # Europe de l\'Est<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/polen<\/a>> ; # Polen<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/ukraine<\/a>> ; # Ukraine<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/947.084\/e21\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:copyrightYear<\/a> \"2003<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/120114569<\/a>> ; # Timothy Snyder<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2003<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"pt. 1. The contested Lithuanian-Belarusian fatherland. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1569-1863) -- Lithuania! My fatherland! (1863-1914) -- The First World War and the Wilno question (1914-1939) -- The Second World War and the Vilnius question (1939-1945) -- Epilogue : Soviet Lithuanian Vilnius (1945-1991) -- pt. 2. The embattled Ukrainian borderland. Early modern Ukraine (1569-1914) -- Galicia and Volhynia at the margin (1914-1939) -- The ethnic cleansing of Western Ukraine (1939-1945) -- The ethnic cleansing of Southeastern Poland (1945-1947) -- Epilogue : Communism and cleansed memories (1947-1981) -- pt. 3. The reconstructed Polish homeland. Patriotic oppositions and state interests (1945-1989) -- The normative nation-state (1989-1991) -- European standards and Polish interests (1992-1993) -- Envoi : returns to Europe.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/794094348<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"The reconstruction of nations : Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"49712162<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/49712162#PublicationEvent\/new_haven_yale_university_press_2003<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Agent\/yale_university_press<\/a>> ; # Yale University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:reviews<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/49712162#Review\/1306308091<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/digitool.hbz-nrw.de:1801\/webclient\/DeliveryManager?pid=1748553&custom%5Fatt%5F2=simple%5Fviewer<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/digitool.hbz-nrw.de:1801\/webclient\/DeliveryManager?pid=1748553&custom_att_2=simple_viewer<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/www.loc.gov\/catdir\/toc\/fy041\/2002066356.html<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/catdir.loc.gov\/catdir\/toc\/fy041\/2002066356.html<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780300095692<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780300105865<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\numbel:isLike<\/a> <http:\/\/bnb.data.bl.uk\/id\/resource\/GBA3Z7558<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/49712162<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/947.084\/e21\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Agent\/yale_university_press<\/a>> # Yale University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Yale University Press<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Event\/1900_1999<\/a>> # 1900-1999<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"1900-1999<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/bielorussie<\/a>> # Bi\u00E9lorussie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Bi\u00E9lorussie<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/eastern_europe<\/a>> # Eastern Europe.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Eastern Europe.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/europe_de_l_est<\/a>> # Europe de l\'Est<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Europe de l\'Est<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/europe_eastern<\/a>> # Europe, Eastern<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Europe, Eastern<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/litauen<\/a>> # Litauen<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Litauen<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/lituanie<\/a>> # Lituanie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Lituanie<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/new_haven<\/a>> # New Haven<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"New Haven<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/osteuropa<\/a>> # Osteuropa<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Osteuropa<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/polen<\/a>> # Polen<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Polen<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/pologne<\/a>> # Pologne<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Pologne<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/ukraine<\/a>> # Ukraine<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ukraine<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/weissrussland<\/a>> # Wei\u00DFrussland<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Wei\u00DFrussland<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Topic\/natievorming<\/a>> # Natievorming<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Natievorming<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Topic\/nationalbewusstsein<\/a>> # Nationalbewusstsein<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Nationalbewusstsein<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Topic\/nationale_identiteit<\/a>> # Nationale identiteit<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Nationale identiteit<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Topic\/nationenbildung<\/a>> # Nationenbildung<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Nationenbildung<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/ctu<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"ctu<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/120114569<\/a>> # Timothy Snyder<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Snyder<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Timothy<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Timothy Snyder<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780300095692<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0300095694<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780300095692<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780300105865<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"030010586X<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780300105865<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/49712162<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/49712162<\/a>> ; # The reconstruction of nations : Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-12-30<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/49712162#PublicationEvent\/new_haven_yale_university_press_2003<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Place\/new_haven<\/a>> ; # New Haven<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/794094348#Agent\/yale_university_press<\/a>> ; # Yale University Press<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/49712162#Review\/1306308091<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Review<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:itemReviewed<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/49712162<\/a>> ; # The reconstruction of nations : Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:reviewBody<\/a> \"\"In this pioneering book, Timothy Snyder traces the emergence of Polish, Ukrainian, Lithuanian, and Belarusian nationhood from the creation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1569 to the enlargement of NATO in 1999. He provides original explanations for the atrocities of the twentieth century and the first scholarly account of the Ukrainian-Polish ethnic cleansings of the 1940s. Yet he begins with the principles of toleration that prevailed in much of early modern eastern Europe and concludes with the peaceful resolution of national tensions in the region since 1989.\" \"Snyder then follows transformed national ideas onto the new terrains presented by national independence after the revolutions of 1989. He reviews the threats to European security that arose in the early 1990s with the threats of breakaway minorities, provocations from Moscow, and popular fears of ethnic cleansing. Finally, he examines how a bold Polish eastern policy facilitated the peaceful end of Soviet rule in the region, prevented national disagreements from spilling into international conflict, and hastened European integration. After 1989, a Polish geopolitical vision channeled national interests toward peace.\"--Jacket.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n