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Reprocessing and recycling of spent nuclear fuel

Author: Robin Taylor
Publisher: Cambridge : Woodhead Publishing, 2015.
Series: Woodhead Publishing in energy, number 79.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel presents an authoritative overview of spent fuel reprocessing, considering future prospects for advanced closed fuel cycles. Part One introduces the recycling and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, reviewing past and current technologies, the possible implications of Generation IV nuclear reactors, and associated safely and security issues. Parts Two and Three focus  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Reprocessing and recycling of spent nuclear fuel.
Amsterdam, [Netherlands] : Woodhead Publishing, c2015
xxv, 658 pages
2014957596
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Robin Taylor
ISBN: 9781782422174 178242217X
OCLC Number: 908203981
Notes: Includes index.
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Front Cover; Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel; Copyright; Contents; List of contributors; Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy; Preface; Reference; Part One: Introductory issues and future challenges; Chapter 1: Introduction to the reprocessing and recycling of spent nuclear fuels; 1.1. Introduction; 1.1.1. Drivers for expansion of nuclear power/global climate/base load generation; 1.1.2. Nuclear fission with thermal and fast neutrons; 1.1.3. Radiation, radiotoxicity indices, and thermal signature of fuel post removal from the reactor. 1.1.4. Motivation and options for managing risks presented by used nuclear fuel1.2. Options for spent fuel management (store, dispose, recycle); 1.2.1. Closed vs. open fuel cycles; 1.3. Technology overview; 1.3.1. Aqueous options; 1.3.2. Dry (pyro) processing; 1.4. Historical development of reprocessing; 1.4.1. Nuclear weapons development; 1.4.2. BiPO4/redox/butex/PUREX; 1.4.3. Reprocessing of commercial fuels; 1.5. Survey of modern PUREX-based reprocessing; 1.6. Basic introduction to the chemistry; 1.6.1. Key elements/isotopes of concern; 1.6.2. Key process steps. 1.6.3. Dissolution, aqueous separation, conversion, waste treatment1.6.4. Pyroprocessing alternatives; 1.6.5. Basic chemistry of separation processes; 1.6.6. Redox, speciation, solvent extraction, ion exchange, holdback reagents, extractants; 1.6.7. Impact of radiolysis; 1.6.8. Basic radiation chemistry, impacts on reprocessing; 1.7. Prospects for the future; 1.7.1. Education of the next generation of specialists; 1.7.2. Preview of global perspectives to be discussed in the following chapters; References; Chapter 2: Role of recycling in advanced nuclear fuel cycles. 2.1. Sustainability as a driving force for developing advanced fuel cycles2.1.1. Sustainability as a key to face the global energy challenge; 2.1.2. About the meaning of sustainability for an energy source; 2.1.3. Role of nuclear energy in the future energy mix; 2.2. Potential improvements of nuclear energy within the environmental field; 2.2.1. Optimizing the nuclear fuel cycle to reduce GHG emissions; 2.2.2. Decreasing the other environmental impacts; 2.2.3. Preserving natural resources; 2.3. Potential improvements within the societal field. 2.3.1. Increasing nuclear safety to limit the residual risk2.3.2. Limiting proliferation risk: Toward the comanagement of uranium and plutonium; 2.3.3. Increasing public acceptability by decreasing the waste lifetime to a few centuries; 2.4. Potential improvement with regard to fuel cycle economics; 2.5. Roadmap toward a sustainable advanced fuel cycle; 2.5.1. The twice-through cycle; 2.5.2. Multirecycling of uranium and plutonium; 2.5.3. Multirecycling of the minor actinides; 2.5.3.1. Recycling of americium alone; 2.5.3.2. Multirecycling of all minor actinides; 2.6. Conclusions; References.
Series Title: Woodhead Publishing in energy, number 79.
Responsibility: edited by Robin Taylor.

Abstract:

This book presents an authoritative overview of spent fuel reprocessing and considers future prospects for advanced closed fuel cycles.  Read more...

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