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Research methods : a framework for evidence-based clinical practice

Author: Wendy L Hurley; Craig R Denegar; Jay Hertel
Publisher: Philadelphia : Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health, ©2011.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
Summary:
"This research methods textbook distinguishes itself from other textbooks by providing a unique framework and perspective for users/students to establish the relevancy of research in their clinical practice. Many, if not most, students in professional preparation allied health care programs view the research methods/statistics course requirement of the curriculum as an obstacle to be overcome, or at best, as a  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Wendy L Hurley; Craig R Denegar; Jay Hertel
ISBN: 9780781797689 0781797683
OCLC Number: 646388424
Description: xxii, 426 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Contents: Foreword --
Preface --
Part 1: Introduction To Clinical Research --
1: Research: an overview --
Introduction --
What research is and what research is not --
Role of theory in research --
Research process --
Research and the clinical practitioner --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
Suggested reading --
2: How to read research: evaluating research articles --
Introduction --
Whereabouts --
Navigating scientific writing --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
Suggested reading --
3: Evidence-based clinical practice: distinguishing best practices --
Introduction --
What is evidence-based practice? --
Role of theory: definition and basic tenets --
Role of research in EBP --
How does the clinical practitioner use research and EBP? --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
Suggested reading --
4: EBM: a historical perspective --
Introduction --
History and direction of clinical fields --
Research in medicine --
Clinical research --
Clinical research and evidence-based practice --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
5: Ethics and responsible conduct in research and clinical practice --
Introduction --
General background --
Model of interpretative practice --
Historical context --
Ethical principles and human participation protections --
Medical research combined with medical care --
Military and other special interest research --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
Suggested reading --
Part 2: Seeking Answers: How The Question Drives The Methods --
6: Finding the evidence: informational sources, search strategies, and critical appraisal --
Introduction --
Informational sources and the reference librarian --
Electronic sources and databases --
Search strategies --
Critical review and appraisal --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
7: Hierarchy of evidence --
Introduction --
Evidence across patient care --
Is all evidence equal? Levels of evidence --
Relevance of evidence to problem --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
8: Qualitative inquiry --
Introduction --
What is qualitative inquiry? --
Objectives of qualitative research --
Types of qualitative research --
Methods of qualitative inquiry --
Types of qualitative data collection --
Perspectives and theoretical traditions --
Validity in qualitative research (credibility) --
Reliability of qualitative research (dependability) --
Health professional as being "on" while on the job --
Health profession and professionals as a community with multiple roles --
Qualitative and quantitative integration --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
Acknowledgment --
References. 9: Qualitative inquiry --
Introduction --
Characteristics of quantitative inquiry --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
Suggested reading --
10: Validity and reliability --
Introduction --
Types of quantitative data --
Validity --
Reliability, agreement, and precision of measures --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
Suggested reading --
11: Tests of comparison --
Introduction --
Selecting statistics and types of data --
Analysis of variance --
Interpreting F --
Alpha values and types of error --
Complex designs and terminology --
Interaction --
Levels of variables --
Planned comparison and post-hoc analysis --
Analysis of covariance --
T-Tests --
Significance and confidence intervals --
Effect sizes --
Nonparametric statistics --
Mann-Whitney U example scenario --
Note on parametric analysis of ordinal data --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
Suggested reading --
12: Measures of association --
Introduction --
Purpose and methods --
Data analysis --
Regression --
Interpreting p and R2 --
Managing ordinal and nominal data --
Association versus cause --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
Suggested reading --
Part 3: Clinical Research: Diagnosis, Prevention, And Treatment --
13: Evaluation and diagnosis: research methods and data analysis --
Introduction --
Physical examination procedures --
How can clinical research improve patient evaluation? --
Design of studies of diagnostic testing --
Assessing research of diagnostic instruments --
Statistics and interpretations --
Basics-sensitivity and specificity --
Likelihood ratios --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
Suggested reading --
14: Screening and prevention of illness and injuries: research methods and data analysis --
Introduction --
Model of injury prevention --
Risk identification: research design issues --
Estimating injury rates and risks --
Statistical analysis --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
15: Treatment outcomes across the disablement spectrum --
Introduction --
Types of outcomes measures --
Disablement models --
Clinician-derived measures --
Patient self-report --
Global health measures --
Condition-, region-, or dimension-specific measures --
Single item outcomes measures --
Choosing the appropriate outcomes instruments --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
16: Treatment outcomes: research methods and data analysis --
Introduction --
Building an infrastructure to measure treatment outcomes --
Study designs --
Data analysis: statistical significance versus clinical meaningfulness --
Clinical prediction rules --
Comprehensive data analysis --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
Suggested reading --
17: Clinical practice guidelines and clinical prediction rules --
Introduction --
Clinical prediction guides --
Data analysis --
Clinical practice guidelines --
Levels of evidence --
Diagnostic practice guidelines and grade of recommendation --
Additional considerations --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
18: Systematic review and meta-analysis --
Introduction --
Systematic review --
Traditional literature review versus systematic review --
Systematic review as a research process --
Data synthesis --
Meta-analysis --
Considerations for applying the results from systematic review to the care of the individual patient --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References. Part 4: Dissemination Of Research --
19: Presentation of findings --
Introduction --
Types of presentations --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
20: Writing the funding proposal --
Introduction --
History and culture of grants --
Grant versus contract --
Sources of funding --
Grant writing for the twenty-first century: a recipe for success --
Grant writing versus publication authorship --
Preparing a budget --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
Suggested reading --
Part 5: Integrating Evidence-Based Medicine Into The Educational Experience --
21: Evidence in learning and teaching --
Introduction --
Learning critical appraisal --
Learning and teaching from a body of evidence --
Problem-based learning --
Promoting learning and assessing outcomes --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
22: Clinical experience --
Introduction --
Case reports --
Grand rounds --
Chapter summary --
Key points --
Critical thinking questions --
Applying concepts --
References --
Glossary --
Index.
Responsibility: Wendy L. Hurley, Craig R. Denegar, Jay Hertel.

Abstract:

Suitable for students and practitioners in allied health care professions that treat patients with movement limitations, such as physical therapy and athletic training, this title helps readers learn  Read more...

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