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Research misconduct as white-collar crime : a criminological approach

Author: Rita Faria
Publisher: Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This book explores the subject of research misconduct: its definition, what behaviours should fall under its label, and the types of preventive and repressive procedures that should be put to practice to combat it. Adopting a criminological perspective, Faria views research misconduct as a locus of analysis for corporate and white-collar crime. Based upon an empirical study involving in-depth interviews and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Rita Faria
ISBN: 9783319734354 3319734350
OCLC Number: 1054910213
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Intro; Acknowledgements; Contents; List of Figures; List of Tables; Introduction: 'I Committed Scientific Fraud, I Changed and Invented Research Data'; 1 Why Should Criminology Study Research Misconduct?; 1.1 The Relevance of Criminology; 1.2 Criminological Studies of Research Misconduct; 1.3 Research Misconduct as White-Collar Crime; 1.4 Applying White-Collar Crime Scholarship to Research Misconduct; References; 2 What Is Research Misconduct?; 2.1 A Place for Everything and Everything in Its Place; 2.2 What Exactly Is Known About Research Misconduct?; Research Misconduct in Numbers Features of the Researcher and the Research EnvironmentRegulating, Detecting, and Sanctioning Research Misconduct; Prevention of Research Misconduct and Promotion of Integrity; Harms and Costs; 2.3 Research Misconduct: Looking into the Shattered Glass; References; 3 Good Luck with the Research That Will End Your Career; 3.1 Using Qualitative Methods and Assessing Their Quality; 3.2 Interviewing Scholars on Research Misconduct; 3.3 Analysing Documents on Research Misconduct; The Corpus; 3.4 Analysis of Interviews and Documents; 3.5 Challenges in Researching Research Misconduct Researching the Elites and the Powerful3.6 Researching Your Peers and How It Changes You; References; 4 What Do Researchers Know and Perceive About Research Misconduct?; 4.1 Authorship Practices: 'The Hunger for Publications' (S16); 4.2 Problematic Methodological Procedures: 'We All Want Our Data to Look Just as Good as Possible' (S2); 4.3 Bias in Peer Assessment-'There's the One That Glows … and Some Are Pushed to the Corner' (S13); 4.4 Relations with External Actors: 'If You Bring Money You Have the Freedom to Decide on Everything' (S8); Interference; Influence; Ambivalence 4.5 Science Under Pressure: Recognition and Funding4.6 Convergence Mechanisms for Recognition and Funding Goals; Pressure; Social Control; Lack of Alternatives and Scarce Resources; Individual Reaction Strategies; References; 5 Preventing, Regulating, and Punishing Research Misconduct: Myth or Reality?; 5.1 Scholars' Perception of Social Control of Research Misconduct; 5.2 European Scientific Policies for Controlling Research Misconduct; Definitions of Research Misconduct; Evidence-Based Knowledge About Research Misconduct; Actors Involved in Controlling Research Proposed Models of Control for Research MisconductJustifications Used for Proposed Control Models for Research Misconduct; 5.3 Globalization Versus Harmonization; 5.4 Self-Regulation Versus Hetero-regulation; 5.5 Testing Hypotheses in a Largely Qualitative Study; 5.6 A Synthesis of Results; References; 6 A Criminological Agenda for Studying Research Misconduct; 6.1 A Brief (and Unfair) Account of What Science Is; 6.2 Questions Unanswered-Or a Future Research Agenda; 6.3 The Path Behind and the Road Ahead; References; Conclusions; References; Index
Responsibility: Rita Faria.

Abstract:

This book explores the subject of research misconduct: its definition, what behaviours should fall under its label, and the types of preventive and repressive procedures that should be put to practice to combat it. Adopting a criminological perspective, Faria views research misconduct as a locus of analysis for corporate and white-collar crime. Based upon an empirical study involving in-depth interviews and documentary analysis, this original research offers an interesting approach to an age-old problem which is growing ever more important. The commodification of research – together with perceived risks of research misconduct – is opening the way to ambiguous and ineffective forms of social control over scholars, affecting their commitment to research integrity and the responsible conduct of research. Despite this, however, little consensus around the phenomenon exists. Seeking to counter this, Faria opens up the discussion on the potential social harms arising from the current state of affairs, and argues that that criminology should task itself with understanding and researching the pressing topic of research misconduct, including fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism, as well as questionable research practices.--

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