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LA REVELATION DE SUCCESSION

Author: DELPHINE ROEHRIG SION; Jacques Foyer; Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris).
Publisher: [S.l.] : [s.n.], 1997.
Dissertation: Thèse de doctorat : Droit privé : Paris 2 : 1997.
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : FrenchView all editions and formats
Summary:
LA CONNAISSANCE DE TOUTES LES PERSONNES AYANT VOCATION A RECUEILLIR UNE SUCCESSION EST AUJOURD'HUI DIFFICILE. LE PAYSAGE FAMILIAL A CHANGE : LES MEMBRES DES FAMILLES TRADITIONNELLES SONT SOUVENT DISPERSES ET LES FAMILLES NATURELLES SE MULTIPLIENT. PAREILLE SITUATION A DONNE NAISSANCE A UNE PROFESSION INSOLITE : CELLE DE GENEALOGISTE SUCCESSORAL DONT LE ROLE EST D'ETABLIR A LA DEMANDE DU NOTARIAT LES DEVOLUTIONS DE
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Material Type: Thesis/dissertation
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: DELPHINE ROEHRIG SION; Jacques Foyer; Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris).
OCLC Number: 490452747
Notes: 1997PA020023.
Description: 1 vol., 361 p.
Responsibility: DELPHINE ROEHRIG SION ; SOUS LA DIRECTION DE JACQUES FOYER.

Abstract:

LA CONNAISSANCE DE TOUTES LES PERSONNES AYANT VOCATION A RECUEILLIR UNE SUCCESSION EST AUJOURD'HUI DIFFICILE. LE PAYSAGE FAMILIAL A CHANGE : LES MEMBRES DES FAMILLES TRADITIONNELLES SONT SOUVENT DISPERSES ET LES FAMILLES NATURELLES SE MULTIPLIENT. PAREILLE SITUATION A DONNE NAISSANCE A UNE PROFESSION INSOLITE : CELLE DE GENEALOGISTE SUCCESSORAL DONT LE ROLE EST D'ETABLIR A LA DEMANDE DU NOTARIAT LES DEVOLUTIONS DE DEFUNTS DECEDES SANS HERITIERS CONNUS. UNE FOIS TROUVES, CE PROFESSIONNEL POURRA ALORS LEUR REVELER LES DROITS QUI SE SONT OUVERTS A LEUR PROFIT MAIS A LEUR INSU, AU TRAVERS D'UNE CONVENTION ORIGINALE QUALIFIEE DE "CONTRAT DE REVELATION DE SUCCESSION". CELLE-CI REGLE LEURS RAPPORTS RESPECTIFS PUISQUE LE GENEALOGISTE DOIT RECEVOIR EN COMPENSATION DE LA REVELATION QU'IL A FAITE UN POURCENTAGE DE L'ACTIF NET QU'IL AURA PERMIS A L'HERITIER DE RECUEILLIR. QUALIFIER PAREIL CONTRAT S'EST AVERE DIFFICILE. LES TRIBUNAUX ET LES COURS L'ONT PRUDEMMENT RANGE DANS LA CATEGORIE DES CONTRATS SUI GENERIS A CARACTERE ALEATOIRE. POUR ETRE VALABLEMENT FORME, LE CONTRAT DE REVELATION DOIT REPONDRE AUX CONDITIONS CLASSIQUES DU DROIT COMMUN DES OBLIGATIONS. A CES CONDITIONS SONT VENUES S'AJOUTER DES REGLES PARTICULIERES PROPRES AU DROIT DE LA CONSOMMATION ET AUXQUELLES LE GENEALOGISTE SUCCESSORAL N'ETAIT PAS SOUMIS CONFORMEMENT A UNE JURISPRUDENCE CONTANTE DEPUIS VINGT TROIS ANS. LA COUR DE CASSATION VIENT DE METTRE UN TERME A CETTE JURISPRUDENCE EN DECIDANT, PAR UN ARRET EN DATE DU 30 OCTOBRE 1996, QUE LE GENEALOGISTE EST UN DEMARCHEUR SOUMIS DE CE FAIT AUX PRESCRIPTIONS DES ARTICLES L. 121-23 DU CODE DE LA CONSOMMATION.

IT IS DIFFICULT THESE DAYS TO DETERMINE ALL THE PERSONS ENTITLED TO INHERIT UNDER FRENCH SUCCESSION LAW. THE CONCEPT OF THE FAMILY HAS CONSIDERABLY CHANGED : OFTEN THE TRADITIONNAL FAMILY CIRCLE IS WIDELY DISPERSED AND THE NUMBER OF FAMILIES WITH ILLEGITIMATE OFF SPRING IS ON THE INCREASE. THIS DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNTS FOR THE EMERGENCE OF AN UNUSUAL PROFESSION KNOWN AS SUCCESSION GENEALOGIST (GENEALOGISTE SUCCESSORAL), WHOSE TASK IS TO ESTABLISH, UPON THE REQUEST OF A NOTARY, THE IDENTITIES OF THE BENEFICIARIES OF THE ESTATE OF A DECEASED WHO HAS DIED LEAVING NO KNOWN HEIRS. ONCE THE GENEALOGIST HAS IDENTIFIED THE RELATIONS OF THE DECEASED, HE WILL THEN BE IN A POSITION TO INFORM THEM OF THEIR INHERITANCE RIGHTS, PREVIOUSLY UNKNOWN TO THEM, BY VIRTUE OF WHAT IS KNOWN AS AN AGREEMENT FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF SUCCESSION BENEFICIARIES (CONTRAT DE REVELATION DE SUCCESSION). IN CONSIDERATION FOR HIS SERVICES, HE WILL BE ENTITLED UNDER THIS AGREEMENT TO PAYMENT OF A PERCENTAGE OF THAT PART OF THE NET ESTATE DEVOLVING TO THE HEIR IN QUESTION. THE LEGAL CLASSIFICATION OF SUCH A CONTRACT IS NO SIMPLE MATTER. THE COURTS HAVE DECIDED, WITH A CONSIDERABLE DEGREE OF CAUTION, TO PLACE THE CONTRACT IN THE CATEGORY OF A SUI GENERIS RISK CONTRACT. THE VALIDITY OF CONTRACT IS SUBJECT TO THE ORDINARY COMMON LAW RULES OF CONTRACT. UNTIL RECENTLY, THERE WAS AN UNBROKEN LINE OF PRECEDENT OVER A PERIOD OF TWENTY-THREE YEARS TO THE EFFECT THAT SUCH CONTRACT BE SUBJECT TO NO PARTICULAR REGULATIONS. HOWEVER, THE FRENCH SUPREME COURT, BY A RECENT DECISION DATED 30TH OCTOBER 1996, RULED THAT THE GENEALOGIST FALLS INTO THE SAME CATEGORY AS THAT OF DOOR-TO-DOOR SALESMAN AND, AS SUCH, IS SUBJECT IN THE PERFORMANCE OF HIS DUTIES TO THE RESTRICTIONS LAID DOWN IN ARTICLES L. 121-23 ET SEQ OF THE CONSUMER CODE.

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