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The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union.

Author: Martin Mccauley
Publisher: Florence : Taylor and Francis, 2014. ©2013.
Series: Longman history of Russia.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : 3rd edView all editions and formats
Summary:
'An expert in probing mafia-type relationships in present-day Russia, Martin McCauley here offers a vigorously written scrutiny of Soviet politics and society since the days of Lenin and Stalin.' John Keep, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto. The birth of the Soviet Union surprised many; its demise amazed the whole world.  How did imperial Russia give way to the Soviet Union in 1917, and why did the USSR  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
History
Additional Physical Format: Print version
Mccauley, Martin
The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union
Florence : Taylor and Francis,c2014
Print version
McCauley, Martin.
Rise and fall of the Soviet Union.
Oxfordshire, England ; New York : Routledge, 2013, c2008
xxix, 522 pages
Material Type: Document
Document Type: Book, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Martin Mccauley
ISBN: 9781317867838 1317867831
OCLC Number: 1031713396
Description: 1 online resource (553 pages)
Contents: Cover --
Title Page --
Copyright Page --
Dedication --
Table of Contents --
List of Tables --
List of Figures --
List of Text Boxes --
List of Maps --
List of Illustrations --
Preface --
Acknowledgements --
The Party and the government --
Russian names --
Orthography --
1. Ave Atque Vale --
Why was there a coup and why did it fail? --
Questions --
2. 1917: days of hope and days of despair --
The peasant problem --
The nobility --
The bureaucracy --
The Russian Orthodox Church --
Capitalism in Russia --
Russian philosophy --
The advent of Marx --
Crisis and war --
The final crisis --
The First World War --
The February revolution --
The July days --
Why was there a February revolution? --
Why was there an October revolution? --
Why were the Provisional Governments so weak? --
Why was there no bourgeois revolution in 1917? --
Questions --
3. Soviet power, terror and civil war --
An historiographical overview --
Building Soviet power --
The Cheka --
Civil war --
The Comintern --
The Party bans factionalism --
Twelve steps towards dictatorship --
Why did the Reds win the Civil War? --
Why did the Whites lose the Civil War? --
Questions --
4. Muslims and others and revolution --
Transcaucasia --
Central Asia --
A federal or a unitary state? --
Islam and communism --
Questions --
5. Women and revolution --
The intellectual roots of Bolshevik feminism --
Women in revolution --
The female Bolshevik as political agitator --
The emergence of the new Bolshevik woman: 1921-29 --
The economic mobilisation of the 'New Women': the 1930s --
'Superwoman' and the Great Fatherland War --
Questions --
6. The New Economic Policy --
Five decisive issues --
The General Secretary (Gensek) --
The scissors' crisis --
Socialism in one country --
The United Opposition --
The Party apparatus --
Was NEP in crisis in the late 1920s? --
How did Stalin become top dog?. Three Marxist models --
Questions --
7. Diplomats and spies --
Spies --
Questions --
8. Society and culture --
Winners and losers --
Peasant resourcefulness --
Culture --
Cultural revolution --
Why was there so much non-political intellectual diversity during the 1920s? --
Questions --
9. Collectivisation: turning private peasants into state peasants --
Collectivisation step by step --
Dealing with the kulaks --
Peasant opposition --
Famine in Ukraine --
Down on the farm --
Kolkhoz markets --
The balance sheet --
Questions --
10. Industrialisation --
Decision making --
The battle for investment --
Rationing --
Stakhanovism --
Control figures --
Haggling --
The military economy --
The Politburo's dilemma --
The shadow economy --
Labour --
The bosses --
The ever expanding government administration --
The new socialist city --
Homo Sovieticus --
The state administration and the Party apparatus --
How powerful was Stalin? --
Questions --
11. Terror and the gulag --
The murder of Kirov and its aftermath --
Counter-revolutionary crime --
Juvenile crime --
The Great Terror --
A fifth column --
The elevation of the NKVD --
Beria --
NKVD tasks --
Beria and football --
The gulag --
The impact of the war --
The rehabilitation committee --
An overview --
Interpretations --
Questions --
12. State and society --
The Party renewed --
The Politburo --
The new society --
Socialist realism --
What was socialist realism? --
Women --
Education --
The Stalin cult --
Becoming a new Soviet man and woman --
Questions --
13. Pursuing peace and preparing for war --
Kremlin thinking --
Collective security --
A Chinese saviour --
Germany --
Japan --
Interpretations --
Questions --
14. Total war --
German goals --
The battle for Moscow --
Operation Blau --
Kursk --
The summer 1944 offensives --
The final push --
Casualties --
The economy --
Pavlenko's army --
Vlasov and others. Government and Party --
Why was Stalin taken by surprise by the German attack of June 1941? --
Questions --
15. The onset of the Cold War --
The Grand Alliance --
The Far East --
The atom bomb --
The hydrogen bomb --
Stalin's view of the world --
America entertains doubts --
Europe divided: the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan --
Conflict in Eastern Europe --
The German question --
Mao comes to town --
The Korean War --
How did the Cold War come about? --
Why was there a Cold War? --
Questions --
16. High Stalinism --
Brow-beating the military --
Sowing uncertainty among his subordinates --
Banning genetics --
The Leningrad Affair --
Stalin and decision making --
Monitoring his team --
The gulag becomes a liability --
Refashioning the Party --
The Party nomenklatura --
The economy --
The doctors' plot --
Was Stalin murdered? --
Questions --
17. Bolshevik speak --
Mathematical methods --
Document --
Questions --
18. Stalin, Hitler and Mao --
Background and education --
Pathway to power --
Cult of the personality --
Authority --
The art of leadership --
Terror --
Utopia --
Culture --
Questions --
19. The Khrushchev era --
Struggle for supremacy --
Beria's reforms --
Khrushchev v. Malenkov or Party v. state apparatus (1953-55) --
Khrushchev and the Stalinists (1955-58) --
The failed coup --
On top of the world (1958-62) --
Decline and fall (1962-64) --
Alas, poor Stalin . . . --
Crime and corruption --
The Socialist World --
Relations with America --
The coup to remove Khrushchev --
What were the main accusations against Khrushchev? --
Questions --
20. The Brezhnev era --
Consolidating power --
Agriculture --
Industrial reform --
The 23rd Party Congress --
Culture --
Czechoslovakia --
From Prague to Helsinki --
Urbanisation --
The 1977 constitution --
Oil, gas and gold --
Korean Airlines KAL 007 --
Chernenko steps up --
Crime and corruption. The socialist world --
Ministry of Foreign Affairs --
KGB and CC International Department --
The outside world --
Questions --
21. The Gorbachev era --
Acceleration (uskorenie): 1985-86 --
Alcoholism --
Repression --
Gorbachev's team --
The 27th Party Congress --
Chernobyl --
More radical measures --
Yeltsin on the offensive --
Glasnost --
Economic woes --
Nationalities --
The 19th Party Conference: June 1988 --
Radicalism and conservatism: 1989-90 --
Economic problems --
Gorbachev becomes Soviet President --
Russia declares itself sovereign --
The 500 day programme --
Changing institutions --
The Baltics --
Yeltsin under siege --
Election of a Russian President --
Another anti-Gorbachev move --
Crime and corruption --
The socialist world --
America and the West --
Questions --
22. Strengths and weaknesses of the Soviet system --
Explanations for the collapse of the Soviet Union --
Questions --
23. Russia reborn --
The new Russian constitution --
Duma elections --
Yeltsin and his lifestyle --
The Duma and the presidency --
Bandit capitalism --
The loans for shares scam --
The second presidency --
The Prime Minister departs --
Financial meltdown --
A new Duma --
The tsar departs --
The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) --
How to strike a deal --
Relations with America --
Questions --
Biographies --
Glossary --
Bibliography --
Index.
Series Title: Longman history of Russia.

Abstract:

'An expert in probing mafia-type relationships in present-day Russia, Martin McCauley here offers a vigorously written scrutiny of Soviet politics and society since the days of Lenin and Stalin.' John Keep, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto. The birth of the Soviet Union surprised many; its demise amazed the whole world.  How did imperial Russia give way to the Soviet Union in 1917, and why did the USSR collapse so quickly in 1991?  Marxism promised paradise on earth, but the Communist Party never had true power, instead allowing Lenin and Stalin to become dictators who ruled in its name.  The failure of the planned economy to live up to expectations led to a boom in the unplanned economy, in particular the black market.  In turn, this led to the growth of organised crime and corruption within the government. The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union examines the strengths, weaknesses, and contradictions of the first Marxist state, and reassesses the role of power, authority and legitimacy in Soviet politics.  Including first-person accounts, anecdotes, illustrations and diagrams to illustrate key concepts, McCauley provides a seminal history of twentieth-century Russia.

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