The Rumen Protozoa (eBook, 1992) [WorldCat.org]
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The Rumen Protozoa
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The Rumen Protozoa

Author: Alan G Williams; Geoffrey S Coleman
Publisher: New York, NY : Springer New York, 1992.
Series: Brock/Springer series in contemporary bioscience.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
All ruminants are dependent on the microorganisms that live in their forestomach - the rumen - to break down ingested feed constituents into a form that the host animal can utilize. Protozoa are part of this complex ruminal population and are essential for the nutritional well-being and productivity of the host ruminant. Over 30 different genera (nearly 300 species) of protozoa from the rumen ecosystem have been  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Alan G Williams; Geoffrey S Coleman
ISBN: 9781461227762 1461227763
OCLC Number: 853261299
Language Note: English.
Description: 1 online resource (xii, 441 pages 113 illustrations)
Contents: Preface --
1 Introduction --
2 Identification and Classification of Entodiniomorphid Protozoa --
2.1 Taxonomy of Entodiniomorphid Protozoa --
2.2 The Genus Entodinium --
2.3 The Genus Eodinium --
2.4 The Genus Diplodinium --
2.5 The Genus Eremoplastron --
2.6 The Genus Eudiplodinium --
2.7 The Genus Ostracodinium --
2.8 The Genus Polyplastron --
2.9 The Genus Metadinium --
2.10 The Genus Epidinium --
2.11 The Genus Enoploplastron --
2.12 The Genus Ophryoscolex --
2.13 The Genus Diploplastron --
2.14 The Genus Elytroplastron --
2.15 The Genus Epiplastron --
2.16 The Genus Opisthotricum --
2.17 The Genus Caloscolex --
2.18 The Genus Rhinozeta --
2.19 The Genus Parentodinium --
2.20 Evolution of Entodiniomorphid Protozoa --
3 The Holotrich Ciliates --
3.1 Classification of the Rumen Holotrich Ciliates --
3.2 Distribution of Holotrich Ciliates --
3.3 Population Determinants --
3.4 Species Description --
3.5 Evolution of the Holotrich Ciliates --
4 Methods Used for the Separation and Cultivation of Protozoa --
4.1 Techniques for the Isolation of Ciliates from Rumen Contents --
4.2 In situ Culture of Selected Protozoa --
4.3 Cultivation of Entodiniomorphid Protozoa In vitro --
4.4 Cultivation of Holotrich Ciliates In vitro --
4.5 Continuous Culture Techniques --
5 Association of Bacteria and Fungi with Rumen Ciliates --
5.1 Intracellular Bacteria --
5.2 Bacteria Attached to the Pellicle --
5.3 Intracellular "Parasites" of Rumen Ciliates --
6 Metabolism of Entodiniomorphid Protozoa --
6.1 Metabolism of Starch --
6.2 Metabolism of Cellulose and Cellobiose --
6.3 Metabolism of Pectin, Hemicelluloses, and Related Compounds --
6.4 Engulfment and Utilization of Bacteria --
6.5 Engulfment and Utilization of Ovals and Fungi --
6.6 Metabolism of Free Amino Acids --
6.7 Metabolism of Protein --
6.8 Sources of Amino Acids for Protozoal Growth --
6.9 Metabolism of Free Constituents of Nucleic Acids --
6.10 Metabolism of Lipids --
6.11 Metabolism of Phospholipids --
6.12 Metabolism of Lactic Acid --
6.13 Uptake and Metabolism of Other Entodiniomorphid Protozoa --
Appendix: Techniques Used in Experiments on the Metabolism of Entodiniomorphid Protozoa --
7 Structure of Entodiniomorphid Protozoa and Its Relationship to Function --
7.1 General Description of Structure --
7.2 Structure of Vestibular and Cytopharyngeal Regions --
7.3 The Cilia and Infraciliature --
7.4 The Paralabial Organelle --
7.5 The Contractile Vacuoles --
7.6 The Cytoproct (Rectum) --
7.7 The Pellicle (Cortex) --
7.8 The Boundary Between Ectoplasm and Endoplasm --
7.9 Division of Entodiniomorphid Protozoa --
7.10 Conjugation --
7.11 Protozoal Chemotaxis and Feeding --
7.12 Protozoal Metabolic Compartments --
7.13 Rate of Clearance of Soluble and Particulate Materials --
8 Metabolism of Holotrich Protozoa --
8.1 Carbohydrate Metabolism --
8.2 Oxygen Utilization --
8.3 Nitrogen Metabolism --
8.4 Lipid Metabolism --
8.5 Metabolism of Nucleic Acids --
9 Factors Affecting Protozoal Populations In vivo --
9.1 Infection of Young Ruminants --
9.2 Interrelationships Between Protozoal Species --
9.3 Host Specificity --
9.4 Geographical Distribution --
9.5 Effect of Feed Composition --
9.6 Diurnal Variation in Densities of Entodiniomorphid Protozoa --
9.7 Seasonal Variation --
10 Role of Protozoa in the Rumen --
10.1 Metabolism of Cellulose and Hemicellulose --
10.2 Metabolism of Starch --
10.3 Metabolism of Bacteria --
10.4 Metabolism of Protein --
10.5 Effect of Protozoa on Rumen Metabolites --
11 Effect of Ciliate Protozoa on the Productivity of the Host Ruminant --
11.1 Post-Ruminal Digestion of Protozoa --
11.2 Effect of Protozoa on Blood Metabolite Concentrations --
11.3 Effect of Protozoa on Animal Growth --
12 Protozoa and the Health of the Host Animal --
12.1 Appearance of Animal --
12.2 Detoxification --
12.3 Lactic Acid Acidosis --
12.4 Copper Toxicity --
12.5 Bloat --
13 The Flagellate Protozoa in the Rumen --
13.1 Description and Classification --
13.2 Infection of the Host and Population Density In vivo --
13.3 Cultivation --
References.
Series Title: Brock/Springer series in contemporary bioscience.
Responsibility: by Alan G. Williams, Geoffrey S. Coleman.

Abstract:

All ruminants are dependent on the microorganisms that live in their forestomach - the rumen - to break down ingested feed constituents into a form that the host animal can utilize. Protozoa are part  Read more...

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