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Russia's Revolution from Above, 1985-2000 Reform, Transition and Revolution in the Fall of the Soviet Communist Regime

Author: Gordon M Hahn
Publisher: Somerset Routledge 2018
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Contents -- List of Tables and Figures -- List of Abbreviations -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- 1. Introduction: The Model of Revolution from Above -- 2. The Breakdown of Institutional and Political Unity -- 3. The Organization of Political Groups in the Party-State and Society -- 4. Dual Sovereignty from Above and the XXVIII CPSU Congress -- 5.
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Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Russia's Revolution from Above, 1985-2000 : Reform, Transition and Revolution in the Fall of the Soviet Communist Regime.
Somerset : Routledge, ©2018
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Computer File, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Gordon M Hahn
ISBN: 9781351326186 135132618X 9780765800497 0765800497
OCLC Number: 1039093887
Description: 1 Online-Ressource (637 Seiten)
Contents: Introduction The Model of Revolution from Above The Breakdown of Institutional and Political UnityThe Organization of Political Groups in the Party-State and SocietyDual Sovereignty from Above and the XXVIIII CPSU CongressThe First Soviet Pact-Making EpisodeGorbachev's Turn to the RightReaction Polarization and Revolutionary Crisis PoliticsThe Nascent Soviet Transition PactThe Hardline August CoupThe Revolutionary Seizure of Power and the Aborted Soviet PactTentative Conclusions About Russia and the Revolution from Above
Responsibility: Gordon M. Hahn

Abstract:

Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Contents -- List of Tables and Figures -- List of Abbreviations -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- 1. Introduction: The Model of Revolution from Above -- 2. The Breakdown of Institutional and Political Unity -- 3. The Organization of Political Groups in the Party-State and Society -- 4. Dual Sovereignty from Above and the XXVIII CPSU Congress -- 5. The First Soviet Pact-Making Episode -- 6. Gorbachev's Turn to the "Right -- 7. Reaction, Polarization, and Revolutionary Crisis Politics -- 8. The Nascent Soviet Transition Pact -- 9. The Hardline August Coup -- 10. The Revolutionary Seizure of Power and the Aborted Soviet Pact -- 11. Tentative Conclusions About Russia and the Revolution from Above -- Bibliography -- Index

The fall of the Soviet communist regime in 1991 offers a challenging contrast to other instances of democratic transition and change in the last decades of the twentieth century. The 1991 revolution was neither a peaceful revolution from below as occurred in Czechoslovakia nor a negotiated transition to democracy like those in Poland, Hungary, or Latin America. It was not primarily the result of social modernization, the rise of a new middle class, or of national liberation movements in the non-Russian union republics. Instead, as Gordon Hahn argues, the Russian transformation was a bureaucrat-led, state-based revolution managed by a group of Communist Party functionaries who won control over the Russian Republic (RSFSR) in the mid-1990s. Hahn describes how opportunistic Party and state officials, led by Boris Yeltsin, defected from the Gorbachev camp and proceeded in 1990-91 to dismantle the institutions that bound state and party. These revolutionaries from above seized control of political, economic, natural and human resources, and then separated the party apparatus from state institutions on Russian Republic territory. With the failed August 1991 hard-line coup, Yeltsin banned the Communist Party and decreed that all Union state organs, including the KGB and military were under RSFSR control. In Hahn's account, this mode of revolutionary change from above explains the troubled development of democracy in Russia and the former Soviet republics. Hahn shows how limited mobilization of the masses stunted the development of civil societies and the formation of political parties and trade unions with real grass roots. The result is a weak society unable to nudge the state to concentrate on institutional reforms society needs for the development of a free polity and economy. Russia's Revolution from Above goes far in correcting the historical record and reconceptualizing the Soviet transformation. It should be read by historians, economists, political scientists, and Russia area scholars.

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