School Choice Tradeoffs: Liberty, Equity, and Diversity (eBook, 2002) []
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School Choice Tradeoffs: Liberty, Equity, and Diversity

Author: Frank R. Kemerer.; R. Kenneth Godwin.
Publisher: University of Texas Press, 2002
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document

An overview of the issues in school choice.


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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print
School Choice Tradeoffs: Liberty, Equity, and Diversity
Material Type: Document
Document Type: Book, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Frank R. Kemerer.; R. Kenneth Godwin.
OCLC Number: 1268319349
Notes: Book.
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Preface1. School Choice Options and Issues: An Overview Why Change Current Policies? Why Use School Choice to Promote Equity? Types of School Choice Major Issues in the Choice Debate Educational Outcomes Liberal Democratic Theory and Education Policy Parental Rights and Equality of Opportunity The Constitutionality of Vouchers and Tax Credits The Economics of Choice Accountability versus Autonomy Designing a Voucher Program That Promotes Equity2. The Outcomes of School Choice Policies Why Proponents Expect Choice to Increase Academic Outcomes The Effects of Competition Increased Parental Involvement and Better Matching of Students and Schools Democratic Control and Bureaucratic Inefficiencies The Particular Problems Facing Inner-City Schools Why Opponents Expect Choice to Lower Academic Outcomes Empirical Hypotheses Concerning the Impacts of Choice School Choice and Segregation How Do Parents Choose? Policy Implications Do Private Schools Teach Public Values? The Effects of Choice on Teachers and Principals The Effects of Choice on Parents The Effects of Choice on Academic Outcomes The Effects of Competition Comparing Public and Private Schools High School and Beyond Results from Other National Databases Evaluations of Existing Choice Programs Privately Funded Voucher Experiments The Effects of Choice on Children Who Remain Behind Summary and Conclusions3. Political Theory and School Choice (coauthor: Richard Ruderman) Liberal Democracy Liberal Arguments That Education Is in the Private Sphere Liberal Arguments for Including Education in the Public Sphere John Dewey and Progressive Liberalism Sharing Educational Responsibility: The Ideas of Amy Gutmann Diversity or Autonomy Comprehensive Liberalism versus Political Liberalism School Choice and Communitarian Thought Discussion Conclusion4. Parent Rights, School Choice, and Equality of Opportunity (coauthor: Jennifer L. Kemerer) Parent Rights in Education How Fundamental Are Parent Rights? Coupling Parent Rights with Free Exercise of Religion Contemporary Developments Racial and Economic Segregation in Traditional Public Schools Racial Segregation Economic Segregation Continuing Inequalities in Public Schools Racial and Economic Inequalities in Choice Schools Choice Schools and Ethnic Sorting Racial Balance Measures Achieving Diversity without Unconstitutional Discrimination against Parents The Case for Diversity Proxies for Race Summary5. Vouchers and Tax Benefits: Tradeoffs between Religious Freedom and Separation of Church and State A Tale of Two Judges Judge Higginbotham and the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program Judge Sadler and the Cleveland Scholarship Program Differing Perspectives Vouchers, Tax Benefits, and the Federal Constitution Channeling Money to Sectarian Private Schools Channeling Money to Parents and Students The Significance of Federalism Vouchers and State Constitutions Restrictive States Prohibition on Vouchers No Direct or Indirect Aid to Sectarian Private Schools What Is "Indirect Aid"? Funding for Public Schools Only Public Purpose Doctrine Judicial Precedent Permissive States No Anti-Establishment Provision Supportive Legal Climate Uncertain States Ambiguous Constitutional Terminology Absence of Authoritative Case Law Pending State Litigation Implications for Voucher Program Design Tax Benefits Summary6. The Economics of Choice Tiebout Sorting and the Median Voter Theorem Funding Public Schools Present Funding Patterns within States Financing Public Choice Programs Summary Promoting Efficiency in the Production of Education The Apparent Decline in the Efficiency of Public Schools Possible Reasons for the Decline in Productive Efficiency Changes in Student Population Teachers' Unions The Cost of Educating Students with Disabilities Privatization and Vouchers Arguments That Vouchers Will Increase the Cost of Education Arguments That Vouchers Will Decrease Educational Costs by Increasing Efficiency Regulation versus Incentives Regulating Class Size Reductions (CSR) Summary Equity Considerations and Voucher Policies The Impact of Vouchers on Public Schools Conclusions7. School Choice Regulation: Accountability versus Autonomy Are Markets Preferable to Democratic Control? Classical Economic Theory New Institutional Economics Legal Constraints on Institutional Autonomy State Constitutions, State Regulation, and State Action Unconstitutional Delegation Law State Action State Statutes, Administrative Regulations, Charters, and Contracts School Choice Accountability: Michigan's Public School Academies Lessons from Privatization of Prisons, Public Housing, and Special Education Privatization of Prisons Privatization of Public Housing Contracting-Out Special Education to Private Schools Vouchers and Private School Regulation Implications for Policymaking8. The Politics of Choice and a Proposed School Choice Policy Political Forces That Oppose Expanding School Choice Producers of Public Education and Their Organizations Liberal and Minority Interest Groups Political Forces Supporting Increased School Choice Attributes of an Equitable and Efficient Policy Proposal A Proposal to Expand School Choice Accountability Provisions Additional Measures to Assist Low-Income Students and New Scholarship Schools Discussion of the Tradeoffs We Made Vouchers for All Income Levels and a Quota for Low-Income Students Allowing Schools to Charge Families Additional Tuition and Fees Transportation Student Admission Home Schooling Additional Benefits and Costs of the Proposed Policy The Political Feasibility of the Proposed Policy Charter Schools and Alternative Choice Proposals Concluding RemarksNotesSelected ReferencesIndex


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"This is a very strong book in an important field--possibly made all the more so by the election of Governor Bush to the Presidency and the empirical grounding of the book in San Antonio, Texas, Read more...

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